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Denton, Carolyn A.; Wexler, Jade; Vaughn, Sharon; Bryan, Deanna – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2008
This study investigated the effectiveness of a multicomponent reading intervention implemented with middle school students with severe reading difficulties, all of whom had received remedial and/or special education for several years with minimal response to intervention. Participants were 38 students in grades 6-8 who had severe deficits in word…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Intervention
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2008
Two studies examined response to varying amounts of time in reading intervention for two cohorts of first-grade students demonstrating low levels of reading after previous intervention. Students were assigned to one of three groups that received (a) a single dose of intervention, (b) a double dose of intervention, or (c) no intervention.…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Fluency, Student Reaction, Acceleration (Education)
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Vaughn, Sharon; Martinez, Leticia R.; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Reutebuch, Colleen K.; Carlson, Coleen D.; Francis, David J. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2009
Two experimental studies to improve vocabulary knowledge and comprehension were conducted in 7th-grade social studies classes with English language learners (ELLs). Two different nonoverlapping samples of classes of 7th-grade students (N = 381 and N = 507) were randomly assigned at the classroom (i.e., section) level to a social studies…
Descriptors: Vocabulary, Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development, Social Studies
Scammacca, Nancy; Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Greg; Wanzek, Jeanne; Torgesen, Joseph K. – Center on Instruction, 2007
The report summarizes relevant high-quality research studies and synthesizes their findings to determine the relative effectiveness of interventions for struggling early readers. Additionally, the authors outline the implications of these findings for practice. Specific suggestions for implementing the findings are discussed in detail beginning on…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Comprehension, Early Intervention, Independent Reading
Scammacca, Nancy; Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon; Edmonds, Meaghan; Wexler, Jade; Reutebuch, Colleen Klein; Torgesen, Joseph K. – Center on Instruction, 2007
This meta-analysis offers decision-makers research-based guidance for intervening with adolescent struggling readers. The authors outline major implications for practice: (1) Adolescence is not too late to intervene. Interventions do benefit older students; (2) Older students with reading difficulties benefit from interventions focused at both the…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Adolescents
Vaughn, Sharon; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia – Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, 2007
At last, a truly helpful, practical guide for K-4 teachers who want to ensure that their approach to teaching young English language learners is based on research and grounded in proven classroom practices. The authors of ASCD's best-selling book "Research-Based Methods of Reading Instruction, Grades K-3" explain how you can help the English…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Phonemic Awareness, Second Language Learning
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Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Cirino, Paul T.; Vaughn, Sharon – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2007
Using an extant database, we examined three grade 1 criteria for identifying response to intervention (RTI) in English language learners (ELLs): (a) set benchmark criteria with a standard score above 95 (37th %ile) on both decoding and comprehension measures and a raw score of 40 or more correct words per minute (CWPM) on oral reading fluency; (b)…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Fluency, Second Language Learning, Criteria
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Robinson, Daniel H.; Levin, Joel R.; Thomas, Greg D.; Pituch, Keenan A.; Vaughn, Sharon – American Educational Research Journal, 2007
The authors examined the methodologies of articles in teaching-and-learning research journals, published in 1994 and in 2004, and classified them as either intervention (based on researcher-manipulated variables) or nonintervention. Consistent with the findings of Hsieh et al., intervention research articles declined from 45% in 1994 to 33% in…
Descriptors: Intervention, Incidence, Meta Analysis, Bibliometrics
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon – School Psychology Review, 2007
A synthesis of the extant research on extensive early reading interventions for students with reading difficulties and disabilities is provided. Findings from 18 studies published between 1995 and 2005 revealed positive outcomes for students participating in extensive interventions. Results indicated higher effects for studies providing…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Early Reading, Intervention, Educational Research
James-Burdumy, Susanne; Myers, David; Deke, John; Mansfield, Wendy; Gersten, Russell; Dimino, Joseph; Dole, Jan; Liang, Lauren; Vaughn, Sharon; Edmonds, Meaghan – Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., 2006
This report lays out the design for the Evaluation of Reading Comprehension Interventions, which is assessing supplemental reading comprehension programs for fifth-grade students in Title I schools. The key design parameters are described. The report itself provides the rationale for these decisions and discusses design and measurement issues,…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Data Analysis, Sample Size, Reading Instruction
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Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Vaughn, Sharon; Prater, Kathryn; Cirino, Paul T. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2006
The response to intervention (RTI) of English language learners identified as at risk for reading difficulties in the fall of first grade was examined at the end of first grade and at the end of second grade. Students at risk for reading problems were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. Intervention students received supplemental…
Descriptors: High Risk Students, Second Language Learning, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Pollard-Durodola, Sharolyn D.; Mathes, Patricia G.; Vaughn, Sharon; Cardenas-Hagan, Elsa; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia – Topics in Language Disorders, 2006
Components of first-grade intervention programs that addressed oral language and listening comprehension instruction within an intensive literacy intervention for native Spanish-speaking students struggling with reading difficulties are described. Findings for the intervention are based on 4 large-scale experimental studies (published elsewhere)…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Grade 1, Reading Difficulties
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Kim, Ae-Hwa; Woodruff, Althea L.; Klein, Colleen; Vaughn, Sharon – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2006
In this article, studies on co-teaching for students with learning disabilities are briefly reviewed. Next, the factors affecting responsible co-teaching for students with learning disabilities are discussed, including how technology (i.e., computer-assisted collaborative strategic reading) might assist in promoting success while overcoming…
Descriptors: Teacher Collaboration, Literacy Education, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Educational Technology
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Vaughn, Sharon; Edmonds, Meaghan – Intervention in School & Clinic, 2006
This article provides an overview of a multicomponent comprehension strategy and graphic organizers designed for older readers to gain meaning from text. Practices designed to capitalize on the best research-based elements associated with improved outcomes in reading comprehension, particularly for expository texts, are described. The graphic…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary Development, Teaching Methods, Instructional Materials
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Vaughn, Sharon; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Mathes, Patricia G.; Cirino, Paul T.; Carlson, Coleen D.; Pollard-Durodola, Sharolyn D.; Cardenas-Hagan, Elsa; Francis, David J. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2006
The effectiveness of an explicit, systematic reading intervention for first-grade students whose home language was Spanish and who were at risk for reading difficulties was examined. Participants were 69 students in 20 classrooms in 7 schools from 3 districts who initially did not pass the screening in Spanish and were randomly assigned within…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Reading Difficulties, Reading Skills, Language of Instruction
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