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Journal of Autism and…4432
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Ferguson, Jenny; Craig, Emma A.; Dounavi, Katerina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Interventions based on applied behaviour analysis are considered evidence based practice for autism spectrum disorders. Due to the shortage of highly qualified professionals required for their delivery, innovative models should be explored, such as telehealth. Telehealth utilises technology for remote training and supervision. The purpose of our…
Descriptors: Telecommunications, Health Services, Behavior Modification, Autism
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Dudley, Katerina M.; Klinger, Mark R.; Meyer, Allison; Powell, Patrick; Klinger, Laura G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
With the increasing prevalence of adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), research examining the service experiences of this population is greatly needed. The current study investigated service use, unmet needs, and obstacles to service access for a large sample of adults with ASD. After accounting for various demographic factors known to…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Individual Needs
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Rea, Hannah M.; Factor, Reina S.; Swain, Deanna M.; Scarpa, Angela – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Broader autism phenotype (BAP) characteristics (pragmatic language deficits, aloofness, and rigidity) are prevalent in families of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and may influence emotion-related behaviors. The current study analyzed associations among BAP characteristics with emotion-related behaviors in mothers of children with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Psychological Patterns
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Cygan, Hanna B.; Marchewka, Artur; Kotlewska, Ilona; Nowicka, Anna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Previous studies indicate that autobiographical memory is impaired in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Successful recollection of information referring to one's own person requires the intact ability to re-activate representation of the past self. In the current fMRI study we investigated process of conscious reflection on the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autobiographies, Memory
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Siu, Queenie K. Y.; Yi, Huso; Chan, Randolph C. H.; Chio, Floria H. N.; Chan, Dorothy F. Y.; Mak, Winnie W. S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) reported higher stress than those of typically developing children. The role of child problem behaviors in the relationship between autism spectrum symptoms and parenting stress is little known. A total of 731 parents of 177 children with ASD and 554 typically developing children in primary…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Parent Child Relationship, Stress Variables, Autism
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Lim, Nataly; O'Reilly, Mark F.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Ledbetter-Cho, Katherine; Lancioni, Giulio E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Special education policies recognize the need for developing and preserving the heritage languages of individuals with disabilities. Yet there seems to be a disconnect between policy and practice. Should the heritage languages of bilingual individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders be incorporated into interventions? This review evaluated 18…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Heritage Education, Second Language Learning, Intervention
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Vismara, Laurie A.; McCormick, Carolyn E. B.; Shields, Rebecca; Hessl, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This is the first study to evaluate an autism intervention model, the parent-delivered Early Start Denver Model (P-ESDM), for young children with fragile X syndrome (FXS), a known genetic disorder associated with autism spectrum disorder. Four parent-child dyads participated in a low-intensity, parent coaching model of the P-ESDM to evaluate…
Descriptors: Genetic Disorders, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Early Intervention
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Zhang, Wanqing; Eshghi, Marziye – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Regional differences in ASD inpatient care remain understudied. We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to examine contributory causes and potential determinants associated with regional variations in ASD hospitalizations. We performed univariate and multivariate analyses to identify differences in ASD hospitalizations across four U.S. Census…
Descriptors: Hospitals, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Census Figures
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Dai, Meixia; Lin, Lizi; Liang, Jingjing; Wang, Zengjian; Jing, Jin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic traits and executive function (EF) were assessed in 413 typically developing children aged 6-9 years. The children were divided into the high- autistic-trait (HAT) and low-autistic-trait (LAT) groups based on their total autistic traits. Results suggested that there were gender differences in specific autistic traits in children with LAT.…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Executive Function, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Zane, Emily; Yang, Zhaojun; Pozzan, Lucia; Guha, Tanaya; Narayanan, Shrikanth; Grossman, Ruth Bergida – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research shows that neurotypical individuals struggle to interpret the emotional facial expressions of people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The current study uses motion-capture to objectively quantify differences between the movement patterns of emotional facial expressions of individuals with and without ASD. Participants volitionally…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Lazzaro, Stephanie C.; Weidinger, Laura; Cooper, Rose A.; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Moutsiana, Christina; Sharot, Tali – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Humans are extremely susceptible to social influence. Here, we examine whether this susceptibility is altered in autism, a condition characterized by social difficulties. Autistic participants (N = 22) and neurotypical controls (N = 22) completed a memory test of previously seen words and were then exposed to answers supposedly given by four other…
Descriptors: Autism, Social Influences, Social Behavior, Social Cognition
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Stice, Lauren VanderBroek; Lavner, Justin A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Adults with autism and subclinical autistic traits report greater internalizing problems than their peers, but the psychological processes underlying these associations are not well understood. The current study used structural equation modeling to examine whether social experiences (social connectedness and loneliness) mediate the link between…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Behavior Problems, Mental Health, Correlation
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Tyagi, Vernika; Juneja, Monica; Jain, Rahul – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Sleep problems were studied in both typically developing (TD) children and those with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using the Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children. Factors associated with these problems were also studied in children with ASD. Seventy-three children with ASD and their age and sex matched TD controls in age group of 3-12 years were…
Descriptors: Sleep, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Behavior Disorders
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Nilsson Jobs, Elisabeth; Bölte, Sven; Falck-Ytter, Terje – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Preschool informants may provide valuable information about symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of ratings by preschool staff with those by parents of 3-year-old children using the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment Preschool Forms. The sample consisted of 32 children at…
Descriptors: Autism, Preschool Children, Parent Attitudes, Teacher Attitudes
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Taylor, Briana J.; Sanders, Kevin B.; Kyle, Marie; Pedersen, Kahsi A.; Veenstra-Vanderweele, Jeremy; Siegel, Matthew – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Psychiatric hospitalization of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is common, but there is little comparative information available on different psychiatric hospital treatment models. Children with ASD ages 4-20 were enrolled upon admission to either a specialized (N = 53) or a general child psychiatric unit (N = 27). Caregivers completed…
Descriptors: Psychiatric Hospitals, Patients, Children, Adolescents
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