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Conrad-Curry, Dea – ProQuest LLC, 2011
Opportunity to learn via public education has origins in the mid-nineteenth-century as a response to Horace Mann's argument that educating girls as well as boys would build a collectively more prosperous society. Over the years, educational reform through the judicial and legislative branches of government has continued to balance opportunity to…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, High School Students, Measures (Individuals)
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National Forum on Education Statistics, 2011
This guide is designed for use by school, district, and state staff to improve the effectiveness of efforts to collect and use disciplinary incident data, including reporting accurate and timely incident data to the federal government. It provides recommendations on what types of data to collect, why it is critical to collect such data, and how to…
Descriptors: Crime, Violence, Discipline, Statistical Data
Olson, Christine A. – ProQuest LLC, 2010
In an effort to implement school reform to meet the needs of a changing society, schools have taken action to assist students in achieving proficiency on standardized tests by implementing departmentalized gender-inclusive classroom environments in the public school system. Research conducted in M. Gurian and P. Henley's (2001) "Boys and…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Program Effectiveness, Educational Change, Standardized Tests
Bardo, David B. – ProQuest LLC, 2010
The Communities For Equity was a group of Michigan mothers who filed a Title IX discrimination suit against the Michigan High School Athletic Association due to its athletic scheduling practices. The 10-year court battle went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. This case study reviewed the policy decisions of the Wisconsin Interscholastic…
Descriptors: High Schools, Scheduling, Extramural Athletics, Court Litigation
American Association of University Women, 2010
This report highlights some of the outstanding accomplishments of AAUW (American Association of University Women) for fiscal year 2010. This year's annual report also features stories of remarkable women who are leading the charge to break through barriers and ensure that all women have a fair chance. Sharon is working to reduce the pay gap…
Descriptors: Females, Gender Discrimination, Womens Education, Sex Fairness
Causby, Cory Scott – ProQuest LLC, 2010
Although Title IX legislation has been in effect since 1972 and has created unprecedented positive change on intercollegiate athletics, educational institutions have still had difficulty meeting the basic requirements set forth by Title IX and ensuring gender equity in their athletic programs. Additionally, specific research has been largely…
Descriptors: Two Year Colleges, Federal Legislation, Compliance (Legal), Sex Fairness
Stevenson, Betsey – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2010
Between 1972 and 1978 U.S. high schools rapidly increased their female athletic participation rates--to approximately the same level as their male athletic participation rates--in order to comply with Title IX, a policy change that provides a unique quasi-experiment in female athletic participation. This paper examines the causal implications of…
Descriptors: High Schools, Student Participation, Females, High School Students
Compton, Nina H.; Compton, J. Douglas – Forum on Public Policy Online, 2010
Title IX of the Education Reformation Act was passed in 1972 for the purpose of providing equality between males and females in intercollegiate sports. Since its inception the disparity between men's and women's varsity athletics programs has persisted throughout American colleges and universities. Discrimination and equal protection concerns…
Descriptors: College Athletics, Womens Athletics, Gender Bias, Gender Discrimination
Abraham, Janice M. – Trusteeship, 2010
Colleges must manage all types of risks on their campuses every day, and none should be of greater concern than those involving students. With students at the core of their mission, higher-education institutions should minimize any risks related to student safety and satisfaction, and governing boards should establish effective policies to support…
Descriptors: College Planning, International Programs, Drinking, Risk
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Kaestner, Robert; Xu, Xin – Evaluation Review, 2010
Arguably, the most important school-based intervention to increase physical activity was Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which led to a 600% increase in girls' sports participation between 1972 and 1978. We studied the effect of this increase in sports participation and athletic opportunities while young on the physical activity and…
Descriptors: Obesity, Body Composition, Athletics, Females
US Department of Education, 2010
The Dear Colleague Letter (DCL) does the following: (1) Clarifies the relationship between bullying and discriminatory harassment under the civil rights laws enforced by the Department of Education's (ED) Office for Civil Rights (OCR); (2) Explains how student misconduct that falls under an anti-bullying policy also may trigger responsibilities…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Bullying, School Policy, Federal Legislation
Ali, Russlynn – US Department of Education, 2010
In recent years, many state departments of education and local school districts have taken steps to reduce bullying in schools. The U.S. Department of Education (Department) fully supports these efforts. Bullying fosters a climate of fear and disrespect that can seriously impair the physical and psychological health of its victims and create…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Bullying, School Policy, Federal Legislation
Burney, Rolanda C. – ProQuest LLC, 2010
This narrative analysis/life story study was designed to understand the factors influencing the career trajectory of female athletic directors in National Collegiate Athletic Association affiliated institutions and to discover how those factors functioned as a road map for future female administrators. Both social role and role congruity theories…
Descriptors: Women Administrators, College Athletics, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Leadership
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Mitchell, Mark W. – Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 2010
Child Sexual Abuse is a growing epidemic. In the United States, 1 in 6 boys and 1 in 4 girls will be sexually abused before reaching adulthood. From a legal standpoint, inappropriate sexual relations between a faculty/staff member and a student are a growing national concern. In 1991, the Supreme Court heard the Franklin v. Gwinnett County Public…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Child Abuse, Leadership Responsibility, Administrator Role
Mobley, Pamela Rios – National Education Association, 2010
In 2005, the National Education Association (NEA) began publishing a series of reports on the status of underserved groups in education. This report on the status of women and girls is based on the principle that every student has the human and civil right to a quality public education. America's public schools are expected to serve the needs of…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Females, Womens Education, Civil Rights
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