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Administration for Children & Families, 2006
The Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) collects data on a nationally representative sample of Head Start programs, classrooms, teachers, parents, and children examining the quality and effects of Head Start. Three waves of data collection have occurred: in 1997, 2000, and 2003. Information presented in this publication is…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Preschool Children, Federal Programs
US House of Representatives, 2005
The purpose of this hearing was to hear testimony on the effects of welfare reform and the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families block grant, and to examine one of the most important work supports available to low-income families, Federal child care assistance. The opening statements were delivered by the Honorable Howard P. "Buck"…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Human Services, Child Care, Block Grants
Gennetian, Lisa A.; Miller, Cynthia; Smith, Jared – MDRC, 2005
The Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP) originated as a new vision of a welfare system that would encourage work, reduce reliance on public assistance, and reduce poverty. The program began in April 1994 in seven Minnesota counties and differed from the existing Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) system in two key ways: It…
Descriptors: Dependents, Incentives, Employment Services, Counties
Center for Law and Social Policy, Inc. (CLASP), 2005
On October 26, the House Ways and Means Committee approved a budget reconciliation bill that includes provisions to reauthorize the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. This bill provides only $500 million in new child care funding over five years, despite estimates by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO) staff that keeping…
Descriptors: Child Care, Welfare Services, Federal Aid, Welfare Recipients
Gravelle, Paula B.; Silvernail, David L. – Center for Education Policy, Applied Research, and Evaluation, 2005
This ninth edition of "The Condition of K-12 Public Education in Maine" is designed to provide Maine citizens, legislators, and educators a yearly report on the state of Maine public schools and education. This new edition updates educational information which appeared in earlier editions, and also provides information on several new…
Descriptors: Expenditure per Student, Student Attitudes, Academic Achievement, Educational Indicators
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Boothroyd, Roger A.; Gomez, Angela; Armstrong, Mary I.; Haynes, Diane; Ort, Rhonda – Journal of Child and Family Studies, 2005
We present our findings on the current well-being of 125 adolescent girls living in families receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program (TANF) in terms of their health, mental health, and substance abuse status, academic performance, and teenage behaviors. This mixed-method study included separate structured face-to-face interviews…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Daughters, Physical Health, Mental Health
Colorado Children's Campaign, 2005
The Children's Budget is a comprehensive report on funding for children's services in Colorado. This report provides a six- year funding history for more than 50 programs funded with state, local, and federal dollars. The Colorado Children's Budget analyzes reductions in programs and services during the economic downturn. The data in the…
Descriptors: Health Insurance, Health Services, Children, Income
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Goodman, Patricia; King-Simms, Shauna – Community College Journal, 2005
Community colleges are undoubtedly aligned in the most strategic positions to affect social and economic change. Numerous factors are playing a part in the shifts felt throughout higher education today. From the recent economic recession that continues to provide America with more displaced workers, unemployed and underemployed adults to the…
Descriptors: Strategic Planning, Community Colleges, Adult Learning, Adult Students
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Hunter, Tamara; Santhiveeran, Janaki – Journal of Family Social Work, 2005
Experiences of food insufficiencies, inadequate access to health care, and housing-related hardships represent how financial strain negatively impacts the entire family. The purpose of this study was to examine experiences of material hardships by TANF leavers and to understand factors that are associated with experiences of material hardship.…
Descriptors: Ethnic Groups, Access to Health Care, Housing, Welfare Recipients
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Mallett, Christopher A.; Allen, Benjamin L. – NHSA Dialog, 2005
The "new federalism" paradigm offers an explanation why the federal government has devolved much of its administration of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF, formerly AFDC) and Medicaid (through managed care) programs. A review of child and family outcomes data resulting from these devolutionary changes in TANF and…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged Youth, Federal State Relationship, Federal Government, Welfare Recipients
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Abramovitz, Mimi – Social Work, 2005
Welfare reform has placed the lives of clients, the jobs of social workers, and the mission of agencies in jeopardy. Based on interviews with senior staff at 107 nonprofit human services agencies, this article documents the largely untold story of how nonprofit agencies' workers responded to the impact of welfare reform on their clients, their…
Descriptors: Social Work, Ethics, Welfare Services
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Swann, Christopher A. – Journal of Human Resources, 2005
By studying recipients of aid under the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare scheme, the effect of time limits of welfare schemes on forward looking recipients is assessed using a discrete-choice dynamic programming framework model. The policy simulations for the preferred specification of utility reveal that two year time limits…
Descriptors: Welfare Recipients, Welfare Services, Simulation, Economically Disadvantaged
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Bitler, Marianne P.; Gelback, Jonah B.; Hoynes, Hilary W. – Journal of Human Resources, 2005
A study of the effect of state and federal welfare reforms over the period 1990-2000 on health insurance coverage and healthcare utilization by single women aged between 20-45 is presented. It is observed that Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996 which replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program of 1990s with…
Descriptors: Welfare Services, Health Insurance, Females, Health Services
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Ozawa, Martha N.; Yoon, Hong-Sik – Social Work, 2005
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), a part of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996, changed the philosophical ground and rules and regulations that apply to low-income families with children who seek federal income support. TANF recipients have less flexibility in charting their life courses than…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Welfare Recipients, Federal Aid, Welfare Services
Gleason, Philip; Hulsey, Lara; Burghardt, John – US Department of Agriculture, 2004
This report, the third in its series, examined the implementation of the pilots, assessed their costs, and estimated their impacts on a set of outcomes designed to measure the success of the school meal programs in providing free or reduced-price meals to their target population without providing benefits to ineligible students. This report…
Descriptors: Lunch Programs, Pilot Projects, Poverty, Nutrition
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