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Journal of Autism and…4432
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Dutt, Anuradha; Tan, Marilyn; Alagumalai, Sivakumar; Nair, Rahul – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Functional Behavior Assessment (FBA) and behavior interventions have been effective in the management of challenging behavior among children with developmental disabilities including autism spectrum disorders. Research suggests the need for valid measurement instruments for verifying, calibrating and scoring competence in FBA and behavior…
Descriptors: Program Development, Program Validation, Functional Behavioral Assessment, Intervention
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Niemczyk, Justine; Fischer, Roman; Wagner, Catharina; Burau, Alina; Link, Theresa; von Gontard, Alexander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Incontinence, psychological symptoms, parental stress and psychopathology were examined in 51 children (43 boys, mean age = 9.7 years) presented in an outpatient clinic for autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and in 53 matched controls (43 boys, mean age = 10.2 years). All children were clinically assessed for ASD, incontinence and psychopathology…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Child Rearing, Stress Variables, Psychopathology
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Mazahery, Hajar; Conlon, Cathryn A.; Beck, Kathryn L.; Mugridge, Owen; Kruger, Marlena C.; Stonehouse, Welma; Camargo, Carlos A.; Meyer, Barbara J.; Tsang, Bobby; Jones, Beatrix; von Hurst, Pamela R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We evaluated the efficacy of vitamin D (VID), omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (omega-3 LCPUFA, OM), or both (VIDOM) on core symptoms of ASD. New Zealand children with ASD (n = 73; aged 2.5-8.0 years) received daily 2000 IU vitamin D[subscript 3], 722 mg docosahexaenoic acid, both, or placebo. Outcome measures were Social…
Descriptors: Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Intervention, Outcomes of Treatment, Nutrition
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Pijl, M. K. J.; Bussu, G.; Charman, T.; Johnson, M. H.; Jones, E. J. H.; Pasco, G.; Oosterling, I. J.; Rommelse, N. N. J.; Buitelaar, J. K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
To investigate temperament as an early risk marker for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), we examined parent-reported temperament for high-risk (HR, n = 170) and low-risk (LR, n = 77) siblings at 8, 14, and 24 months. Diagnostic assessment was performed at 36 months. Group-based analyses showed linear risk gradients, with more atypical temperament…
Descriptors: At Risk Persons, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Personality Traits
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Simpson, Kate; Adams, Dawn; Alston-Knox, Clair; Heussler, Helen S.; Keen, Deb – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of this study was to identify sensory subtypes in children on the autism spectrum using the Short Sensory Profile-2 (SSP-2). Caregivers of children on the autism spectrum aged 4-11 years (n = 271) completed the SSP-2. Analysis using Dirichlet process mixture model identified a two-cluster model which provided the best solution to subtype…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sensory Integration, Children
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Kuiper, Marieke W. M.; Verhoeven, Elisabeth W. M.; Geurts, Hilde M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Auditory sensitivities are common among people with autism spectrum disorder diagnoses (ASD). As underlying factors are unknown, we examined whether ASD adults (N[subscript ASD] = 33; N[subscript Typically Developing] = 31; 25-45 years; IQ > 70): (1) habituated slower to auditory stimuli; (2) had lower auditory detection thresholds; and (3)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Auditory Stimuli
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Hohn, Vanessa D.; de Veld, Danielle M. J.; Mataw, Kawita J. S.; van Someren, Eus J. W.; Begeer, Sander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Insomnia is a common source of distress in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Two characteristics of ASD could be relevant to insomnia complaints by hampering the entrainment of a circadian sleep-wake rhythm. First, sensory hyper-reactivity could lead to bright light avoidance and thus affect photoperiodic input to the circadian system.…
Descriptors: Sleep, Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Finke, Erinn H.; Kremkow, Jennifer M. D.; Drager, Kathryn D. R.; Murillo, Angelique; Richardson, Laura; Serpentine, Elizabeth C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of this project was to understand the hopes of parents with children with ASD. Particularly understudied are the hopes parents have for long-term outcomes for their child. A cross-sectional focus group design was used and six focus groups were completed. These groups included parents of (1) preschool aged children who were recently…
Descriptors: Life Satisfaction, Parent Child Relationship, Parent Attitudes, Case Studies
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Shochet, Ian M.; Saggers, Beth R.; Carrington, Suzanne B.; Orr, Jayne A.; Wurfl, Astrid M.; Duncan, Bonnie M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
High depression rates for adolescents with autism indicate a need for a comprehensive prevention approach. Parents can promote parent--child factors that buffer adolescents from depression. However, parenting adolescents with autism presents challenges which can diminish parental self-efficacy and mental wellbeing with potential negative sequelae…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology)
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Kuder, S. Jay; Accardo, Amy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This article reports the results of a systematic review of the emerging research on programs and services designed to meet the needs of students with ASD. For the purposes of this review, only articles that included data on program outcomes were included. A total of eight studies that met this criterion were identified. These studies included…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Higher Education, Outcomes of Education
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Godoy-Giménez, Marta; González-Rodríguez, Antonio; Cañadas, Fernando; Estévez, Angeles F.; Sayans-Jiménez, Pablo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The Broad autism phenotype (BAP) refers to a set of subclinical behavioural characteristics qualitatively similar to those presented in Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The BAP questionnaire (BAPQ) has been widely used to assess the BAP both in relatives of ASD people and within the general population. The current study presents the first Spanish…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Spanish, Pragmatics, Qualitative Research
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Pokorny, Jennifer J.; Hatt, Naomi V.; Rogers, Sally J.; Rivera, Susan M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Understanding another's actions, including what they are doing and why they are doing it, can be difficult for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This understanding is supported by the action observation (AON) and mentalizing (MZN) networks, as well as the superior temporal sulcus. We examined these areas in children with ASD and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Comparative Analysis
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Sarrett, Jennifer C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This article builds on the growing body of research on higher education for autistic students by soliciting input from autistic adults on their higher education experiences and suggestions on making these experiences more "autism-friendly." Sixty-six individuals participated in a national exploratory survey and thirty-one participated in…
Descriptors: Autism, Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Higher Education, Student Needs
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Ng-Cordell, Elise; Hanley, Mary; Kelly, Alyssa; Riby, Deborah M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Anxiety is a prevalent mental health issue for individuals with Williams syndrome (WS). Relatively little is known about the developmental course of anxiety, or how it links with core features of WS, namely social and executive functioning (EF). In this study, parent-reports of anxiety were compared across a 4-year period (N = 17), and links…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Genetic Disorders, Comorbidity, Parent Attitudes
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Golan, Ofer; Gordon, Ilanit; Fichman, Keren; Keinan, Giora – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Children with ASD show emotion recognition difficulties, as part of their social communication deficits. We examined facial emotion recognition (FER) in intellectually disabled children with ASD and in younger typically developing (TD) controls, matched on mental age. Our emotion-matching paradigm employed three different modalities: facial, vocal…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Recognition (Psychology)
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