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Imperatore, Catherine; Hyslop, Alisha – Peabody Journal of Education, 2017
Federal legislation has driven and been receptive to the vision of a rigorous, relevant career and technical education (CTE) system integrated with academics and aligned across middle school, secondary school, and postsecondary education. This article uses a social policy analysis approach to trace the history of federal CTE policy throughout the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Policy, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
Francis, Caroline M. – National Poverty Center, 2013
This bibliography summarizes recent research on the structure and effectiveness of workforce development programs. While the term "workforce development" can mean many things, this document focuses on programs to help low-skill, low-wage and displaced workers increase their employment and earnings, as well as labor market trends that…
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Labor Force Development, Low Income Groups, Labor Market
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Decker, Paul T.; Berk, Jillian A. – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2011
In 1998, President Clinton signed the federal Workforce Investment Act (WIA). Implemented in 2000, WIA replaced the Job Partnership Training Act (JTPA) as the primary federal job training program. Congress viewed WIA as a way to end "business as usual" in the workforce investment system. WIA aimed to transform the employment and training…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Job Training, Federal Programs, Program Design
Bloom, Dan – MDRC, 2010
The budget for the U.S. Department of Labor for Fiscal Year 2010 includes a total of $45 million to support and study transitional jobs. This paper describes the origins of the transitional jobs models that are operating today, reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of this approach and other subsidized employment models, and offers some…
Descriptors: Employment Services, Welfare Services, Supported Employment, Employment Programs
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Moore, Richard W.; Gorman, Philip C. – Human Resource Development Quarterly, 2009
The Workforce Investment Act (WIA) measures participant labor market outcomes to drive program performance. This article uses statistical analysis to examine the relationship between participant characteristics and key outcome measures in one large California local WIA program. This study also measures the impact of different training…
Descriptors: Participant Characteristics, Labor Market, Program Effectiveness, Statistical Analysis
Job Corps, 2008
This paper presents the recommendations made by the Advisory Committee on Job Corps to the Secretary of Labor pertaining to the review, development and implementation of policies, legislation and regulations for the Job Corps program. This document represents the culmination of an intensive and comprehensive nine-month process undertaken by the…
Descriptors: Job Training, Labor, Federal Programs, Program Effectiveness
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Wallace, Geoffrey L.; Haveman, Robert – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2007
Differences in administrative (UI) and survey (S) records on employment and earnings have substantial implications for assessing the impact of a variety of public interventions, such as welfare-to-work and employment training programs, and especially the state-oriented welfare reform legislation of 1996. We use data from the 1998 and 1999 waves of…
Descriptors: Welfare Services, Employment, Human Capital, Welfare Recipients
Moore, Richard W.; Gorman, Philip C. – Online Submission, 2007
The Workforce Investment Act uses measures of labor market outcomes to drive program performance. This paper examines the relationship of participant characteristics with key program outcome measures and evaluates the impact of different training interventions of program outcomes while controlling for participant characteristics. The paper…
Descriptors: Participant Characteristics, Labor Market, Federal Legislation, Evaluation
Butler, Johnny – 2002
In 2000 and 2001, the Team Pennsylvania Workforce Investment Board (Team PA WIB) and its partners worked jointly to address Pennsylvania's workforce needs and respond to the need of its customers through new initiatives, new partnerships, and new strategies. The Team PA WIB and its partners continued implementation of the state's vision to create…
Descriptors: Accountability, Adult Learning, Adult Programs, Agency Cooperation
Sum, Andrew; Mangum, Garth; Taggart, Robert – 2002
Although young people across the United States have suffered disproportionately in the recent recession, the economic and social effects of high levels of youth unemployment have received only scant media and political attention and few state or federal dollars. Analyses of successful youth and young adult programs identified seven core principles…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Career Ladders, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns
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Heckman, James J.; Heinrich, Carolyn; Smith, Jeffery – Journal of Human Resources, 2002
A model demonstrating how performance incentives may encourage cream skimming (selecting participants with a high likelihood of success) was applied to data from 16 Job Training Partnership Act training centers. Short-term performance measures were weakly and perversely related to long-term impacts, but efficiency gains/losses from skimming were…
Descriptors: Efficiency, Federal Programs, Incentives, Job Training
Plein, L. Christopher – 2001
Structured work and training activities for welfare recipients in West Virginia began in 1962 when the state's entire caseload of two-parent families receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children was enrolled in mandatory work and training activities. In 1980s-1990s, the Community Work Experience Program became an important tool in…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Compliance (Legal), Economic Climate, Economic Opportunities
Office of Inspector General (DOL), Washington, DC. – 2001
The Job Training Partnership Act's Out-of-School Youth program (OSY) was audited to determine whether participants' reported outcomes for positive terminations were accurate and fully documented and what impact program interventions had on participants' post-program earnings. Program services and outcomes were audited for 499 OSY participants at…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Audits (Verification), Employment Potential, Federal Legislation
O'Shea, Daniel; King, Christopher T. – 2001
The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) was the first significant attempt to retool the nation's workforce development programs since the early 1980s. Titles I-V of the WIA do the following things: (1) establish the purposes, goals and operational framework of a workforce development system designed to increase participants' employment,…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Accountability, Adult Education, Adult Literacy
Jacobson, Louis; Petta, Ian – 2001
The utility of a quasi-experimental evaluation design for estimating benefits derived from a program to match job-seekers to openings listed by employers was examined in three studies of Job Service referrals and placements in Washington and Oregon. Data examined included a mail survey of a sample of 587 Washington residents referred to job…
Descriptors: Benchmarking, Cost Effectiveness, Dislocated Workers, Employment Experience
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