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Arenson, Ethan A.; Karabatsos, George – Grantee Submission, 2017
Item response models typically assume that the item characteristic (step) curves follow a logistic or normal cumulative distribution function, which are strictly monotone functions of person test ability. Such assumptions can be overly-restrictive for real item response data. We propose a simple and more flexible Bayesian nonparametric IRT model…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Item Response Theory, Nonparametric Statistics, Models
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Aljabri, Nayyaf R.; Barry, Abdourahmane – Educational Planning, 2017
The Trend in International Mathematics and Science Study reveals how the math and science achievement of students in participating countries compares with that of their international peers. Since 1995, the results have been surprising and disappointing for some countries. Astonished and disappointed by such outcomes, scholars and educational…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, Educational Change
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Said, Ziad – EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 2016
Science education reform in Qatar has had limited success. In the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMMS), Qatari 4th and 8th grade students have shown progress in science achievement, but they remain significantly below the international average. Also, in the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), Qatari…
Descriptors: Science Education, Educational Change, Problem Based Learning, Questionnaires
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Akayuure, Peter; Asiedu-Addo, S. K.; Alebna, Victor – International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology, 2016
Whereas origami is said to have pedagogical benefits in geometry education, research is inclusive about its effect on spatial ability and geometric knowledge among preservice teachers. The study investigated the effect of origami instruction on these aspects using pretest posttest quasi-experiment design. The experimental group consisted of 52…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Spatial Ability, Geometry, Geometric Concepts
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Hanushek, Eric A.; Ruhose, Jens; Woessmann, Ludger – Education Next, 2016
Congress passed the Every Student Succeeds Act, supplanting No Child Left Behind and placing responsibility for public school improvement squarely upon each of the 50 states. With the federal government's role in school accountability sharply diminished, it now falls to state and local governments to take decisive action. Even though most…
Descriptors: Educational Quality, Economic Impact, Academic Achievement, Educational Improvement
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Ringarp, Johanna – European Educational Research Journal, 2016
School issues have become increasingly important in public elections and political debates, leading to increased focus on the results students achieve in international large-scale assessments and in the rankings of the involved countries. One of the most important studies of scholastic performance is the Programme for International Student…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Educational Change, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries
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Jurajda, Štepán; Münich, Daniel – Research Papers in Education, 2016
If school admission committees use alphabetically sorted lists of applicants in their evaluations, one's position in the alphabet according to last name initial may be important in determining access to selective schools. Jurajda and Münich (2010) "Admission to Selective Schools, Alphabetically". "Economics of Education…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Admission (School), Alphabets, Serial Ordering
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Narayan, Nilesh Anish – Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences, 2016
The main purpose of this study is to assess the construct validity of Australian eighth grade mathematics teachers' perceptions towards their career satisfaction, their teaching practice and the everyday challenges encountered in schools. The data were utilised from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study where a total of 802…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 8, Mathematics Teachers, Teacher Attitudes
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Lerman, Stephen; Adler, Jill – Research in Mathematics Education, 2016
The influences on governments for policy changes in schools range across many agencies, including the political party in power. When policies change, the sources of these influences are not always clear. The project whose work is presented in this special issue examines what these changes look like in terms of the differences in assessment tasks…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Education, Mathematics Curriculum
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Morgan, Candia; Sfard, Anna – Research in Mathematics Education, 2016
This article focuses on the theoretical-methodological question of how to identify reform-induced changes in school mathematics. The issue arose in our project The Evolution of the Discourse of School Mathematics (EDSM), in which we studied transformations in high-stakes examinations taken by students in England at the end of compulsory schooling.…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Mathematics Tests, High Stakes Tests, Foreign Countries
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Jenkins, Edgar – Journal of Biological Education, 2016
When the "Journal of Biological Education" was first published in 1967, biology was still very much the Cinderella of the three school sciences in many countries. Most selective secondary school biology courses readily betrayed their origins as an unconvincing coalition of botany and zoology. In the non-selective secondary modern…
Descriptors: Periodicals, Biological Sciences, Science Education History, Science Education
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Fujii, Toshiakira – ZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 2016
There is no doubt that a lesson plan is a necessary product of Lesson Study. However, the collaborative work among teachers that goes into creating that lesson plan is largely under-appreciated by non-Japanese adopters of Lesson Study, possibly because the effort involved is invisible to outsiders, with our attention going to its most visible…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Lesson Plans, Teaching Methods, Case Studies
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Sheldrake, Richard – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Understanding students' intentions to study science at upper-secondary school, at university, and to follow science careers continues as a central concern for international science education. Prior research has highlighted that students' science confidence has been associated with their intentions to study science further, although…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Education, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Science
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Laswadi; Kusumah, Yaya S.; Darwis, Sutawanir; Afgani, Jarnawi D. – European Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2016
Conceptual understanding (CU) and procedural fluency (PF) are two important mathematical competencies required by students. CU helps students organizing their knowledge into a coherent whole, and PF helps them to find the right solution of a problem. In order to enhance CU and PF, students need learning experiences in constructing knowledge and…
Descriptors: Junior High School Students, Pretests Posttests, Control Groups, Mathematical Concepts
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Sandoval-Hernández, Andrés; Bialowolski, Piotr – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2016
It is well documented that academic achievement of students from families of low socioeconomic status (SES) tends to be below their more socially advantaged peers. Several studies have identified factors and conditions that facilitate academic success for disadvantaged students (i.e., promote academic resilience). However, one of the main…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Achievement
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