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Fernandez, Chris; Fletcher, Carla; Klepfer, Kasey – TG (Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corporation), 2016
Texas Guaranteed Student Loan Corporation (TG) provides critical support to schools, students, and borrowers at every stage of the federal student aid process--from providing information on how to pay for a higher education including financial aid options, to facilitating successful loan repayment after graduation. This 2016 issue of "State…
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Student Loan Programs, Higher Education, Population Trends
Geiser, Saul – Center for Studies in Higher Education, 2016
The SAT is used for two purposes at the University of California. First is "eligibility": Determining whether applicants meet the minimum requirements for admission to the UC system. Second is "admissions selection": At high-demand campuses such as Berkeley, with many more eligible applicants than places available, test scores…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Eligibility, Selective Admission, Scores
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Fuller, Sarah Crittenden; Davis, Cassandra R. – Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, 2016
In the 2012/13 school year American Indian students accounted for 1.1 percent of K-12 students nationwide and 1.4 percent of K-12 students in North Carolina (U.S. Department of Education, n.d.). Research has identified substantial achievement gaps between American Indian and other students on national tests, in graduation rates, and in…
Descriptors: American Indian Students, American Indian Education, Achievement Gap, White Students
Shaw, Emily J.; Marini, Jessica P.; Beard, Jonathan; Shmueli, Doron; Young, Linda; Ng, Helen – College Board, 2016
In February of 2013, the College Board announced it would undertake a redesign of the SAT® in order to develop an assessment that better reflects the work that students will do in college, focusing on the core knowledge and skills that evidence has shown to be critical in preparation for college and career. The redesigned test will be introduced…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Test Construction, College Readiness, College Admission
Ewing, Maureen; Wyatt, Jeffrey N.; Smith, Kara – College Board, 2016
Historically, AP Potential™ has used PSAT/NMSQT® scores to identify students who are likely to earn a 3 or higher on a specific AP® Exam--based on research showing moderate to strong relationships between PSAT/NMSQT scores and AP Exam scores (Camara & Millsap, 1998; Ewing, Camara & Millsap, 2006; Zhang, Patel & Ewing, 2014a). For most…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement Programs, Talent Identification, College Entrance Examinations, High School Students
Rawls, Anita; Zhang, Xiuyuan; Hendrickson, Amy – College Board, 2016
The classification of test-takers into ethnic and racial groups ensures individuals and groups, identified in Title VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, are protected from adverse treatment (Camilli, 2006). The United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB) suggests that…
Descriptors: Racial Identification, Ethnic Groups, Multiracial Persons, Test Bias
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Tay, Louis; Huang, Qiming; Vermunt, Jeroen K. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
In large-scale testing, the use of multigroup approaches is limited for assessing differential item functioning (DIF) across multiple variables as DIF is examined for each variable separately. In contrast, the item response theory with covariate (IRT-C) procedure can be used to examine DIF across multiple variables (covariates) simultaneously. To…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Test Bias, Simulation, College Entrance Examinations
Torres, Amada – Independent School, 2016
In September 2015, when the College Board released its average SAT scores for the 2015 graduating class, two details stood out for many educators: (1) the record participation and diversity numbers (close to 1.7 million students took the test, with 50 percent being students of color); and (2) the test's lower average scores compared with previous…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Private Schools, Scores, Gender Differences
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Zhang, Liang; Hu, Shouping; Sun, Liang; Pu, Shi – Journal of Higher Education, 2016
This study evaluates the effect of Florida's Bright Future Program on student college choices. We used regression discontinuity design to estimate the effect of two award levels, which had different SAT/ACT thresholds, on the probability of students choosing in-state public colleges and four-year public colleges. The most consistent and robust…
Descriptors: College Choice, Regression (Statistics), Colleges, College Bound Students
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Schutte, Audra F. – Anatomical Sciences Education, 2016
Anatomy courses frequently serve as prerequisites or requirements for health sciences programs. Due to the challenging nature of anatomy, each semester there are students remediating the course (enrolled in the course for a second time), attempting to earn a grade competitive for admissions into a program of study. In this retrospective study,…
Descriptors: Anatomy, Undergraduate Study, Health Sciences, Remedial Instruction
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Warne, Russell T.; Doty, Kristine J.; Malbica, Anne Marie; Angeles, Victor R.; Innes, Scott; Hall, Jared; Masterson-Nixon, Kelli – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2016
"Above-level testing" (also called "above-grade testing," "out-of-level testing," and "off-level testing") is the practice of administering to a child a test that is designed for an examinee population that is older or in a more advanced grade. Above-level testing is frequently used to help educators design…
Descriptors: Test Items, Testing, Academically Gifted, Talent Identification
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Lee, Mun Woo – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2016
This study examines the English ideologies of Korean early study-abroad students' parents in Gangnam, one of the most affluent areas in South Korea. The data collected were drawn from in-depth individual interviews with 23 parents, and subjected to critical discourse analysis. The findings showed that the issue of class was foregrounded…
Descriptors: Neoliberalism, Language Attitudes, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning
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Alexander, Patricia A.; Dumas, Denis; Grossnickle, Emily M.; List, Alexandra; Firetto, Carla M. – Journal of Experimental Education, 2016
Relational reasoning is the foundational cognitive ability to discern meaningful patterns within an informational stream, but its reliable and valid measurement remains problematic. In this investigation, the measurement of relational reasoning unfolded in three stages. Stage 1 entailed the establishment of a research-based conceptualization of…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Logical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Kopp, Jason P.; Shaw, Emily J. – Journal of College Student Retention: Research, Theory & Practice, 2016
Retention research rarely differentiates between students dismissed from an institution for poor academic performance versus students leaving by choice. As a proxy for studying academic dismissal, this study investigated differences between students leaving college in academic jeopardy after the first year (<2.00 grade point average) and those…
Descriptors: Dropouts, College Students, Academic Achievement, School Holding Power
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Mooring, Raymond D.; Mooring, Suazette R. – Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
For many underrepresented minority students, the path to the baccalaureate degree begins with initial enrollment at a community college. Unfortunately, only a small percentage of students interested in transferring actually do transfer to a 4-year institution. Of these transfers, few graduate with a baccalaureate degree within 6 years of initial…
Descriptors: Disproportionate Representation, Minority Groups, Bachelors Degrees, Educational Attainment
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