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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Sterba, Sonya K.; Long, Jessica; Namkung, Jessica; Malone, Amelia; Hamlett, Carol L.; Jordan, Nancy C.; Gersten, Russell; Siegler, Robert S.; Changas, Paul – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study investigated whether individual differences in working memory (WM) moderate effects of 2 variations of intervention designed to improve at-risk 4th graders' fraction knowledge. We also examined the effects of each intervention condition against a business-as-usual control group and assessed whether children's measurement interpretation…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mathematics, Intervention, Mathematics Instruction
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Harackiewicz, Judith M.; Canning, Elizabeth A.; Tibbetts, Yoi; Giffen, Cynthia J.; Blair, Seth S.; Rouse, Douglas I.; Hyde, Janet S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Many students start college intending to pursue a career in the biosciences, but too many abandon this goal because they struggle in introductory biology. Interventions have been developed to close achievement gaps for underrepresented minority students and women, but no prior research has attempted to close the gap for first-generation students,…
Descriptors: First Generation College Students, Undergraduate Students, College Science, Biology
Owen, Jody – ProQuest LLC, 2012
College student degree attainment has been identified as a national issue, and recently has become a topic of emphasis for institutions of higher education. In the past, research has focused on retaining students from year one in college to year two. With the demand for baccalaureate-prepared graduates increasing and the charge to compete in a…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Prediction, Predictor Variables, Educational Attainment
Hernandez, Esteban F. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of in-situational coaching on the reading success of English Language Learners. This study was conducted using a quantitative research design to analyze summative assessment data related to the reading success of English Language Learners in a sample from an identified population.…
Descriptors: Coaching (Performance), Reading Instruction, English Language Learners, Statistical Analysis
Deussen, Theresa; Scott, Caitlin; Nelsestuen, Kari; Roccograndi, Angela; Davis, Ann – Education Northwest, 2012
In 2009, the United States Department of Education conducted a competition for a second round of Striving Readers grants. Its dual purpose was to: (1) Raise middle and high school students' literacy levels in Title I-eligible schools with significant numbers of students reading below grade level; and (2) Build a strong, scientific research base…
Descriptors: Grants, Reading Instruction, Middle School Students, High School Students
Oreopoulos, Philip; Dunn, Ryan – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012
High school students from disadvantaged high schools in Toronto were invited to take two surveys, about three weeks apart. Half of the students taking the first survey were also shown a 3 minute video about the benefits of post secondary education (PSE) and invited to try out a financial-aid calculator. Most students' perceived returns to PSE were…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, High School Students, Student Surveys, Video Technology
Weissman, Evan; Cullinan, Dan; Cerna, Oscar; Safran, Stephanie; Richman, Phoebe – National Center for Postsecondary Research, 2012
Across the United States, community colleges offer millions of students an open-access, low-cost postsecondary education. However, of the students who enroll in community college hoping to earn a credential or transfer to a four-year institution, only about half achieve their goal within six years. For students who enter college needing…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Remedial Instruction, English Instruction, Remedial Reading
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Newman, Denis; Finney, Pamela B.; Bell, Steve; Turner, Herb; Jaciw, Andrew P.; Zacamy, Jenna L.; Gould, Laura Feagans – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2012
This report presents the results of an experiment conducted in Alabama beginning in the 2006/07 school year, to determine the effectiveness of the Alabama Math, Science, and Technology Initiative (AMSTI), which aims to improve mathematics and science achievement in the state's K-12 schools. This study is the first randomized controlled trial…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Elementary Schools
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Heller, Joan I. – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2012
This study evaluated an approach to professional development for middle school science teachers by closely examining one grade 8 course that embodies that approach. Using a cluster-randomized experimental design, the study tested the effectiveness of the Making Sense of SCIENCE[TM] professional development course on force and motion (Daehler,…
Descriptors: Faculty Development, Science Instruction, Physics, Motion
Rutschow, Elizabeth Zachry; Cullinan, Dan; Welbeck, Rashida – MDRC, 2012
Improving the success of academically underprepared students who are in need of developmental (or remedial) education is a key challenge facing community colleges today. Many of these students enter college with little awareness of these institutions' expectations or a clear model for how to make effective decisions about their academic careers.…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Developmental Studies Programs, Program Effectiveness, Two Year College Students
Bleeker, Martha; James-Burdumy, Susanne; Beyler, Nicholas; Dodd, Allison Hedley; London, Rebecca A.; Westrich, Lisa; Stokes-Guinan, Katie; Castrechini, Sebastian – Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., 2012
Recess periods often lack the structure needed to support physical activity and positive social development (Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 2010). The Playworks program places full-time coaches in low-income schools to provide opportunities for organized play during recess and throughout the school day. Playworks activities are designed to engage…
Descriptors: Cohort Analysis, Recess Breaks, Play, Athletic Coaches
Fryer, Roland G., Jr.; Levitt, Steven D.; List, John; Sadoff, Sally – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2012
Domestic attempts to use financial incentives for teachers to increase student achievement have been ineffective. In this paper, we demonstrate that exploiting the power of loss aversion--teachers are paid in advance and asked to give back the money if their students do not improve sufficiently--increases math test scores between 0.201 (0.076) and…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Incentives, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Tests
Chingos, Matthew M.; Peterson, Paul E. – Brookings Institution, 2012
In the first study, using a randomized experiment to measure the impact of school vouchers on college enrollment, Matthew Chingos and Paul Peterson, professor of government at Harvard University, examine the college-going behavior through 2011 of students who participated in a voucher experiment as elementary school students in the late 1990s.…
Descriptors: Evidence, Elementary School Students, African Americans, Private Schools
Schiller, Ellen; Wei, Xin; Thayer, Sara; Blackorby, Jose; Javitz, Harold; Williamson, Cyndi – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
This study estimates the effect of one year of Fusion Reading implementation, a multistrategy intervention, builds on the work of the Strategic Instruction Model's Learning Strategies Curriculum and Xtreme Reading by integrating some of the same strategies (e.g., paraphrasing, visual imagery, and self-questioning for information acquisition;…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Achievement
Hobbs, Robert Maurice – ProQuest LLC, 2012
Teachers can use culturally relevant pedagogical strategies and technologies as emerging tools to improve students' problem-solving skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate and assess the effectiveness of culturally specific computer-based instructional tasks on ninth-grade African American mathematics students. This study tried to…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, National Competency Tests, Test Construction, Maps
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