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Hentschel, Maren; Lange-Kuttner, Christiane; Averbeck, Bruno B. – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2016
The study investigated sequence learning from stochastic feedback in boys with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and typically developed (TD) boys. We asked boys with ASD from Nigeria and the UK as well as age- and gender-matched controls (also males only) to deduce a sequence of four left and right button presses, LLRR, RRLL, LRLR, RLRL, LRRL and…
Descriptors: Males, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Foreign Countries
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Sideridis, Georgios D. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2016
The purpose of the present studies was to test the hypothesis that the psychometric characteristics of ability scales may be significantly distorted if one accounts for emotional factors during test taking. Specifically, the present studies evaluate the effects of anxiety and motivation on the item difficulties of the Rasch model. In Study 1, the…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Test Validity, Measures (Individuals), Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Terzi, Arhonto; Marinis, Theodoros; Francis, Kostantinos – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
In order to study problems of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) with morphosyntax, we investigated twenty high-functioning Greek-speaking children (mean age: 6;11) and twenty age- and language-matched typically developing children on environments that allow or forbid object clitics or their corresponding noun phrase. Children with…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Verbal Ability, Vocabulary, Foreign Countries
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Weiss, Lawrence G.; Gregoire, Jacques; Zhu, Jianjun – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2016
Many Flynn effect (FE) studies compare scores across different editions of Wechsler's IQ tests. When construct changes are introduced by the test developers in the new edition, however, the presumed generational effects are difficult to untangle from changes due to test content. To remove this confound, we use the same edition of Wechsler…
Descriptors: Generational Differences, Intelligence Tests, Comparative Analysis, Scores
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Wong, Terry Tin-Yau; Ho, Connie Suk-Han; Tang, Joey – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2016
The current study aimed at addressing two issues concerning children's estimation performance: (1) to investigate whether the log-to-linear framework or the proportional judgment framework provided a better explanation of children's estimation patterns, and (2) to examine the consistency of response patterns in different estimation tasks. A sample…
Descriptors: Task Analysis, Guidelines, Responses, Arithmetic
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van den Bos, Esther; van Duijvenvoorde, Anna C. K.; Westenberg, P. Michiel – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Adolescents become increasingly sensitive to social evaluation. Some previous studies have related this change to pubertal development. The present longitudinal study examined the role of sociocognitive development. We investigated whether or not the transition to recursive thinking, the ability to think about (others') thoughts, would be…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Social Development, Cognitive Development, Longitudinal Studies
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Tempel, Tobias; Neumann, Roland – Journal of Experimental Education, 2016
We investigated processes underlying performance decrements of highly test-anxious persons. Three experiments contrasted conditions that differed in the degree of activation of concepts related to failure. Participants memorized a list of words either containing words related to failure or containing no words related to failure in Experiment 1. In…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Cognitive Tests, Test Wiseness, Foreign Countries
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Anobile, Giovanni; Castaldi, Elisa; Turi, Marco; Tinelli, Francesca; Burr, David C. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Considerable recent work suggests that mathematical abilities in children correlate with the ability to estimate numerosity. Does math correlate only with numerosity estimation, or also with other similar tasks? We measured discrimination thresholds of school-age (6- to 12.5-years-old) children in 3 tasks: numerosity of patterns of relatively…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Children, Correlation, Computation
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McMullen, Jake; Hannula-Sormunen, Minna M.; Laakkonen, Eero; Lehtinen, Erno – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Many people have serious difficulties in understanding rational numbers, limiting their ability to interpret and make use of them in modern daily life. This also leads to later difficulties in learning more advanced mathematical content. In this study, novel tasks are used to measure 263 late primary school students' spontaneous focusing on…
Descriptors: Numbers, Mathematical Concepts, Elementary School Students, Predictor Variables
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Nadler, Dustin R.; Komarraju, Meera – Journal of College Student Development, 2016
Using a 2 × 2 factorial design, we examined the effects of stereotype threat and autonomy support on the test performance of 190 African American college students. Participants completed a set of 7 easy and 7 difficult problems from Raven's Progressive Matrices and a survey including measures of Academic Self-Concept, Learning Climate, and…
Descriptors: Stereotypes, African American Students, College Students, Intelligence Tests
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Rajotte, Thomas; Marcotte, Christine; Bureau-Levasseur, Lisa – Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2016
In recent decades, the dropout rate in Abitibi-Témiscamingue is a worrying phenomenon. An analysis of ministerial examination results identifies that students in Abitibi-Témiscamingue have specific difficulties with mathematical problem solving tasks. Among the activities that develop those skills, the daily routines in mathematics seem to be a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Dropout Rate, Mathematics Skills, Mathematics Instruction
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Durrleman, Stephanie; Delage, Hélène – Language Acquisition: A Journal of Developmental Linguistics, 2016
This study investigates syntax in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), its parallelism with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and its relation to other aspects of cognition. We focus on (1) 3rd person accusative clitic (ACC3) production, a clinical marker of SLI hypothesized to relate to WM, and (2) 1st person accusative clitic (ACC1) production,…
Descriptors: Syntax, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Language Impairments
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Blumen, Sheyla – International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2016
The history of intellectual assessment with children and youth in Peru is presented from the foundation of scientific psychology in Peru until now. Current practices are affected by the multicultural ethnolinguistic diversity of the country, the quality of the different training programs, as well as by Peruvian regulations for becoming an academic…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intelligence Tests, Student Diversity, Evaluation Methods
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Alkiyumi, Mohammed Talib – International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2016
This article reviews the history of intelligence measurement in the Sultanate of Oman, based on different aspects of historical evidence. These intelligence measurements have been used to describe activities of the Omani citizens. Since there is no unique Omani intelligence test, researchers conducted studies to standardize different intelligence…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intelligence, Intelligence Tests, Standardized Tests
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Smith, Alastair D.; Kenny, Lorcan; Rudnicka, Anna; Briscoe, Josie; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Drawing tasks are frequently used to test competing theories of visuospatial skills in autism. Yet, methodological differences between studies have led to inconsistent findings. To distinguish between accounts based on local bias or global deficit, we present a simple task that has previously revealed dissociable local/global impairments in…
Descriptors: Bias, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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