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So, Wing-Chee; Lui, Ming; Wong, Tze-Kiu; Sit, Long-Tin – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2015
Purpose: The current study examined whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), in comparison with typically developing children, perceive and produce gestures to identify nonpresent objects (i.e., referent-identifying gestures), which is crucial for communicating ideas in a discourse. Method: An experimenter described the uses of…
Descriptors: Nonverbal Communication, Autism, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Segers, Eliane; Kleemans, Tijs; Verhoeven, Ludo – Mathematical Thinking and Learning: An International Journal, 2015
The home numeracy environment (i.e., parents' numeracy expectations and activities), is related to early numeracy in young children. As recent studies have shown that both cognitive and linguistic factors play an important role in predicting numeracy development, it may be assumed that rather than the home "numeracy" environment, the…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Expectation, Mathematics Achievement, Numeracy
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Mahapatra, Shamita – Journal of Education and Practice, 2015
A group of 50 skilled readers and a group of 50 less-skilled readers of Grade 5 matched for age and intelligence and selected on the basis of their proficiency in reading comprehension were tested for their competence in word reading and the processes of attention, simultaneous coding, successive coding and planning at three levels, i.e.,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Grade 5, Elementary School Students
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Sambo, Aminu – Journal of Education and Practice, 2015
This paper examines students' performance in Non-verbal Intelligence tests relative academic achievement of some selected secondary school students. Two hypotheses were formulated with a view to generating data for the ease of analyses. Two non-verbal intelligent tests viz: Raven's Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) and AH[subscript 4] Part II…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Academic Achievement, Intelligence Tests
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Fastame, Maria Chiara; Cherchi, Rossella; Penna, Maria Pietronilla – International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, 2015
The current research was aimed mainly at exploring the reliability of a short-screening tool developed to self-evaluate visuospatial abilities in children. We presented 290 Italian third, fourth, and fifth graders with the 16-item Shortened Visuospatial questionnaire and several objective measures of intellectual efficiency, such as Raven's…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Visual Perception, Spatial Ability, Grade 3
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Fedewa, Alicia L.; Ahn, Soyeon; Erwin, Heather; Davis, Matthew C. – School Psychology International, 2015
Existing literature shows promising effects of physical activity on children's cognitive outcomes. This study assessed via a randomized, controlled design whether additional curricular physical activity during the school day resulted in gains for children's fluid intelligence and standardized achievement outcomes. Participants were children…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Cognitive Development, Intelligence, Child Development
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von Suchodoletz, Antje; Uka, Fitim; Larsen, Ross A. A. A. – Early Education and Development, 2015
Research Findings: The importance of self-regulation for children's successful academic performance has led to greatly increased interest in this topic in recent years. However, less is known about the interrelations among self-regulatory processes across different contexts. The present study investigated the structure of self-regulation in young…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Self Control, Context Effect, Factor Analysis
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Hubert, Blandine; Guimard, Philippe; Florin, Agnès; Tracy, Alexis – Early Education and Development, 2015
Research Findings: Several recent studies carried out in the United States and abroad (i.e., Asia and Europe) have demonstrated that the ability of young children to regulate their behavior (including inhibitory control, working memory, attentional control) significantly predicts their academic achievement. The current study examined the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Self Control, Academic Achievement, Nursery Schools
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Li, Degao; Gao, Kejuan; Wu, Xueyun; Xong, Ying; Chen, Xiaojun; He, Weiwei; Li, Ling; Huang, Jingjia – American Annals of the Deaf, 2015
Two experiments investigated Chinese deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) adolescents' recognition of category names in an innovative task of semantic categorization. In each trial, the category-name target appeared briefly at the screen center followed by two words or two pictures for two basic-level exemplars of high or middle typicality, which…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Hearing Impairments, Deafness, Adolescents
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Bahar, Abdulkadir; Maker, C. June – EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 2015
Problem solving has been a core theme in education for several decades. Educators and policy makers agree on the importance of the role of problem solving skills for school and real life success. A primary purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of cognitive abilities on mathematical problem solving performance of elementary…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Mathematics Instruction, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Achievement
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Nordberg, Ann; Dahlgren Sandberg, Annika; Miniscalco, Carmela – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2015
Background: Research on retelling ability and cognition is limited in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and speech impairment. Aims: To explore the impact of expressive and receptive language, narrative discourse dimensions (Narrative Assessment Profile measures), auditory and visual memory, theory of mind (ToM) and non-verbal cognition on the…
Descriptors: Cerebral Palsy, Story Telling, Language Skills, Speech Impairments
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Obergriesser, Stefanie; Stoeger, Heidrun – High Ability Studies, 2015
Research has shown that various individual factors play an important role in the underachievement of gifted students. Most often discussed as predictors of underachievement are motivation, learning behavior, and emotions. To examine which specific constructs from these fields simultaneously predict underachievement among gifted fourth graders,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Underachievement, Elementary School Students, Grade 4
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Attridge, Nina; Inglis, Matthew – ZDM: The International Journal on Mathematics Education, 2015
Dual-process theories posit two distinct types of cognitive processing: Type 1, which does not use working memory making it fast and automatic, and Type 2, which does use working memory making it slow and effortful. Mathematics often relies on the inhibition of pervasive Type 1 processing to apply new skills or knowledge that require Type 2…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Mathematical Logic, Cognitive Processes, Mathematics Instruction
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Conejeros-Solar, M. Leonor; Gómez-Arízaga, María P. – Roeper Review, 2015
This study is about persistence and perceived difficulties of gifted students in college explored through sociodemographic and academic characteristics. Two hundred and nine nongifted and 45 gifted participated in the study. A persistence scale along with sociodemographic variables were used to compare both groups. The groups shared many…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Student Characteristics, Academic Persistence, College Students
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Moss, Philippa; Howlin, Patricia; Savage, Sarah; Bolton, Patrick; Rutter, Michael – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2015
Data on psychiatric problems in adults with autism are inconsistent, with estimated rates ranging from around 25% to over 75%. We assessed difficulties related to mental health in 58 adults with autism (10 females, 48 males; mean age 44?years) whom we have followed over four decades. All were of average non-verbal intelligence quotient when…
Descriptors: Autism, Mental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Adults
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