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Stapleton, Laura M.; Kang, Yoonjeong – Sociological Methods & Research, 2018
This research empirically evaluates data sets from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) for design effects of ignoring the sampling design in weighted two-level analyses. Currently, researchers may ignore the sampling design beyond the levels that they model which might result in incorrect inferences regarding hypotheses due to…
Descriptors: Probability, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Sampling, Inferences
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Lorah, Julie – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
Effect size reporting is crucial for interpretation of applied research results and for conducting meta-analysis. However, clear guidelines for reporting effect size in multilevel models have not been provided. This report suggests and demonstrates appropriate effect size measures including the ICC for random effects and standardized regression…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Definitions, Regression (Statistics)
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Walkington, Candace; Clinton, Virginia; Shivraj, Pooja – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
The link between reading and mathematics achievement is well known, and an important question is whether readability factors in mathematics problems are differentially impacting student groups. Using 20 years of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress and the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study, we examine how…
Descriptors: Readability, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving
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Prinsloo, C. H.; Rogers, S. C.; Harvey, J. C. – South African Journal of Education, 2018
South African learner achievement remains poor, despite large investment in schooling over the last two decades. Literature and research findings offer no single explanation or solution. In this article, the authors explored the relative contribution of specific language factors such as the role of home- and school-language equivalence, cultural…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Language Proficiency, Performance Factors, Grade 9
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Yoo, Yang Seok – Asia Pacific Journal of Education, 2018
Numerous studies have attributed gender difference in mathematics achievement to various sociocultural influences. Singapore is a country of higher gender equality as represented in the Global Gender Gap Index and Singaporean girls perform as well or higher than boys in international mathematics assessments. This study develops a conceptual model…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment
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Ivanova, Alina; Kardanova, Elena; Merrell, Christine; Tymms, Peter; Hawker, David – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Is it possible to compare the results in assessments of mathematics across countries with different curricula, traditions and age of starting school? As part of the iPIPS project, a Russian version of the iPIPS baseline assessment was developed and trial data were available from about 300 Russian children at the start and end of their first year…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Tests, Item Response Theory
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Steiner-Khamsi, Gita; Appleton, Margaret; Vellani, Shezleen – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The media analysis is situated in the larger body of studies that explore the varied reasons why different policy actors advocate for international large-scale student assessments (ILSAs) and adds to the research on the fast advance of the global education industry. The analysis of "The Economist," "Financial Times," and…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, International Assessment, Educational Practices, Content Analysis
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Wang, Cheng-Lung; Liou, Pey-Yan – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine the pattern of the relationships among motivational beliefs and science achievement of 8th grade Taiwanese students, given that the students in Taiwan have high science academic achievement but low motivational beliefs in science learning on a series of international large-scale assessments. Three…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Student Motivation, Science Instruction, High Achievement
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Clerkin, Aidan; Gilligan, Katie – Journal of Early Childhood Research, 2018
Numeracy activities in early childhood have been linked to children's mathematical performance in subsequent years. However, few studies have examined associations between early numeracy play and children's subsequent attitudes towards mathematics. This study draws on the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Childhood Attitudes, Mathematics Instruction, Achievement Tests
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Hong, Dae S.; Choi, Kyong Mi – International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, 2018
This paper compares sections on functions and linear functions from two Korean textbooks and an American standards-based textbook (University of Chicago School Mathematics Project [UCSMP] Algebra) to understand differences and similarities among these textbooks through horizontal and vertical analyses. We found that these textbooks provide…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Textbooks
Singer, Judith D., Ed.; Braun, Henry I., Ed.; Chudowsky, Naomi, Ed. – National Academy of Education, 2018
Results from international large-scale assessments (ILSAs) garner considerable attention in the media, academia, and among policy makers. Although there is widespread recognition that ILSAs can provide useful information, there is debate about what types of comparisons are the most meaningful and what could be done to assure more sound…
Descriptors: International Education, Educational Assessment, Educational Policy, Data Interpretation
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Abdelfattah, Faisal; Lam, Jasmine – International Journal of Instruction, 2018
Homework is generally one factor that has been discussed and claimed to have a relationship with achievement; it has a central role in providing students with opportunities to continue learning out of the school. This study forms one of cross-cultural investigations that analyze the links between homework variables and achievement in mathematics.…
Descriptors: Correlation, Homework, Mathematics Achievement, Grade 8
Piedrafita, Sonia – Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency, European Commission, 2018
The Council of the European Union has set the goal of reducing low achievement in reading, mathematics and science among 15-year-olds to less than 15 % by 2020. How are European countries going to achieve this? One of the key elements in the learning process is the instruction time available to students. In fact, not only the quality of…
Descriptors: School Schedules, Geographic Location, Compulsory Education, Intellectual Disciplines
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Loyalka, Prashant; Zakharov, Andrey; Kuzmina, Yulia – Comparative Education Review, 2018
Researchers have long postulated the existence of a big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE) in which a student's relative academic standing in class or school affects his or her academic self-concept. Few studies, however, use causal research designs to identify whether the BFLPE exists and whether it is generalizable across a wide variety of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, International Assessment
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Fishbein, Bethany; Martin, Michael O.; Mullis, Ina V. S.; Foy, Pierre – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2018
Background: TIMSS 2019 is the first assessment in the TIMSS transition to a computer-based assessment system, called eTIMSS. The TIMSS 2019 Item Equivalence Study was conducted in advance of the field test in 2017 to examine the potential for mode effects on the psychometric behavior of the TIMSS mathematics and science trend items induced by the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Mathematics Tests, Elementary Secondary Education
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