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Alam, Arshad – Contemporary Education Dialogue, 2019
Syed Ahmed Khan is understood as the harbinger of modern education amongst Muslims of South Asia. There is a general scholarly consensus that it was through his educational efforts that English medium education came to Muslims who were otherwise aligned with traditional religious education. The commentary argues that this consensus needs revision…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Muslims, English (Second Language), Language of Instruction
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Rao, Parimala V. – Contemporary Education Dialogue, 2019
The colonial state always asserted itself as a harbinger of 'modernity' and emphasised its role in India as a 'civilising mission'. The 1811 Educational Minute of Governor General Minto, declared Hindus and Muslims of India as inherently corrupt and insisted on the British role as 'civilising'. Conventionally the terms 'modern' and 'civilising…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational History, Educational Policy, Foreign Policy
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Aikens, Kathleen; Hargis, Kristen – Journal of Education Policy, 2019
In light of multiple, dispersed forms of online civic participation, we must reconceptualize how public intervention into policy production and enactment takes place. This study examines a case of academic and operational restructuring termed 'TransformUS' that took place at a Canadian university in Saskatchewan from 2013 to 2014. Our analysis…
Descriptors: Neoliberalism, Educational Policy, Citizen Participation, Educational Change
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Henig, Jeffrey R.; Lyon, Melissa Arnold – Education Next, 2019
Teachers unions have had a "muscular" presence in some states, but in others, especially in the South and Southwest, the unions have held little power in recent decades, and the growing dominance of conservative Republicans in state legislatures and statehouses was creating a hostile environment with right-to-work (RTW) laws. The…
Descriptors: Unions, Teacher Associations, Teacher Strikes, Court Litigation
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Dobbins, Michael; Christ, Claudia – Journal of Education Policy, 2019
This article focusses on the evolution of the school governance model in Spain since the 1980s. In Spain and elsewhere in Europe, the state's monopoly over education has softened and new forms of educational governance have emerged. This has resulted in the decentralization of decision-making authority to individual schools, municipalities, and…
Descriptors: Governance, Foreign Countries, Institutional Autonomy, Models
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Liu, Chen; Zhang, Jinjin – English Language Teaching, 2019
After thirty years of development, the teaching of interpreting in China has achieved a moderate scale giving the credit to the growing demand for interpreting talents, as well as the spread of interpreting teaching among universities. This study reviewed the papers on interpreting teaching research published for the past decade in China covered…
Descriptors: Translation, Foreign Countries, Talent, Second Language Learning
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Alghamdi, Haifa H. – English Language Teaching, 2019
This research investigates how foreign language learners learn vocabulary in an English as a Second Language (ESL) classroom. The participants are eleven foreign students from an advanced ESL Reading class in Edmonds Community College in Lynnwood, WA. A questionnaire was used as an instrument to inquire about the students' vocabulary learning…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Vocabulary Development, Foreign Students
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Mueller, Jutta L.; Friederici, Angela D.; Männel, Claudia – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants' ability to learn complex linguistic regularities from early on has been revealed by electrophysiological studies indicating that 3-month-olds, but not adults, can automatically detect non-adjacent dependencies between syllables. While different ERP responses in adults and infants suggest that both linguistic rule learning and its link to…
Descriptors: Linguistics, Auditory Discrimination, Preschool Children, Syllables
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Chernyak, Nadia; Harris, Paul L.; Cordes, Sara – Developmental Science, 2019
Recent work has documented that despite preschool-aged children's understanding of social norms surrounding sharing, they fail to share their resources equally in many contexts. Here we explored two hypotheses for this failure: an "insufficient motivation hypothesis" and an "insufficient cognitive resources hypothesis." With…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Preschool Education, Schemata (Cognition), Age Differences
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Wagner, Katie; Chu, Junyi; Barner, David – Developmental Science, 2019
How do children acquire exact meanings for number words like three or forty-seven? In recent years, a lively debate has probed the cognitive systems that support learning, with some arguing that an evolutionarily ancient "approximate number system" drives early number word meanings, and others arguing that learning is supported chiefly…
Descriptors: Numbers, Number Concepts, Children, Semantics
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Astle, Duncan E.; Bathelt, Joe; Holmes, Joni – Developmental Science, 2019
Our understanding of learning difficulties largely comes from children with specific diagnoses or individuals selected from community/clinical samples according to strict inclusion criteria. Applying strict exclusionary criteria overemphasizes within group homogeneity and between group differences, and fails to capture comorbidity. Here, we…
Descriptors: Cognitive Mapping, Learning Problems, Comorbidity, Identification
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Bergelson, Elika; Amatuni, Andrei; Dailey, Shannon; Koorathota, Sharath; Tor, Shaelise – Developmental Science, 2019
Measurements of infants' quotidian experiences provide critical information about early development. However, the role of sampling methods in providing these measurements is rarely examined. Here we directly compare language input from hour-long video-recordings and daylong audio-recordings within the same group of 44 infants at 6 and 7 months. We…
Descriptors: Infants, Early Childhood Education, Comparative Analysis, Language Acquisition
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Rabagliati, Hugh; Ferguson, Brock; Lew-Williams, Casey – Developmental Science, 2019
Everyone agrees that infants possess general mechanisms for learning about the world, but the existence and operation of more specialized mechanisms is controversial. One mechanism--rule learning--has been proposed as potentially specific to speech, based on findings that 7-month-olds can learn abstract repetition rules from spoken syllables (e.g.…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Evidence, Infants, Stimuli
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Mercure, Evelyne; Kushnerenko, Elena; Goldberg, Laura; Bowden-Howl, Harriet; Coulson, Kimberley; Johnson, Mark H; MacSweeney, Mairéad – Developmental Science, 2019
Infants as young as 2 months can integrate audio and visual aspects of speech articulation. A shift of attention from the eyes towards the mouth of talking faces occurs around 6 months of age in monolingual infants. However, it is unknown whether this pattern of attention during audiovisual speech processing is influenced by speech and language…
Descriptors: Infants, Bilingualism, Auditory Stimuli, Visual Stimuli
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Hulme, Charles; Zhou, Lulin; Tong, Xiuli; Lervåg, Arne; Burgoyne, Kelly – Developmental Science, 2019
This study investigates the longitudinal predictors of the development of Chinese word reading skills and potential bidirectional relationships between Chinese word reading and oral language skills. We examine, in a 2-year longitudinal study, a wide range of theoretically important predictors (phonological awareness, tone awareness, morphological…
Descriptors: Mandarin Chinese, Longitudinal Studies, Predictor Variables, Oral Language
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