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Trafimow, David; Wang, Tonghui; Wang, Cong – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Two recent publications in "Educational and Psychological Measurement" advocated that researchers consider using the a priori procedure. According to this procedure, the researcher specifies, prior to data collection, how close she wishes her sample mean(s) to be to the corresponding population mean(s), and the desired probability of…
Descriptors: Statistical Distributions, Sample Size, Equations (Mathematics), Statistical Analysis
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Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A.; Harrison, Michael; Menold, Natalja – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
This note confronts the common use of a single coefficient alpha as an index informing about reliability of a multicomponent measurement instrument in a heterogeneous population. Two or more alpha coefficients could instead be meaningfully associated with a given instrument in finite mixture settings, and this may be increasingly more likely the…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Test Reliability, Measures (Individuals), Computation
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Bolin, Jocelyn H.; Finch, W. Holmes; Stenger, Rachel – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Multilevel data are a reality for many disciplines. Currently, although multiple options exist for the treatment of multilevel data, most disciplines strictly adhere to one method for multilevel data regardless of the specific research design circumstances. The purpose of this Monte Carlo simulation study is to compare several methods for the…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Computation, Statistical Analysis, Maximum Likelihood Statistics
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Debelak, Rudolf; Strobl, Carolin – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
M-fluctuation tests are a recently proposed method for detecting differential item functioning in Rasch models. This article discusses a generalization of this method to two additional item response theory models: the two-parametric logistic model and the three-parametric logistic model with a common guessing parameter. The Type I error rate and…
Descriptors: Test Bias, Item Response Theory, Statistical Analysis, Maximum Likelihood Statistics
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Qiu, Yuxi; Huggins-Manley, Anne Corinne – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
This study aimed to assess the accuracy of the empirical item characteristic curve (EICC) preequating method given the presence of test speededness. The simulation design of this study considered the proportion of speededness, speededness point, speededness rate, proportion of missing on speeded items, sample size, and test length. After crossing…
Descriptors: Accuracy, Equated Scores, Test Items, Nonparametric Statistics
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Cao, Chunhua; Kim, Eun Sook; Chen, Yi-Hsin; Ferron, John; Stark, Stephen – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
In multilevel multiple-indicator multiple-cause (MIMIC) models, covariates can interact at the within level, at the between level, or across levels. This study examines the performance of multilevel MIMIC models in estimating and detecting the interaction effect of two covariates through a simulation and provides an empirical demonstration of…
Descriptors: Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Structural Equation Models, Computation, Identification
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De Raadt, Alexandra; Warrens, Matthijs J.; Bosker, Roel J.; Kiers, Henk A. L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Cohen's kappa coefficient is commonly used for assessing agreement between classifications of two raters on a nominal scale. Three variants of Cohen's kappa that can handle missing data are presented. Data are considered missing if one or both ratings of a unit are missing. We study how well the variants estimate the kappa value for complete data…
Descriptors: Interrater Reliability, Data, Statistical Analysis, Statistical Bias
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Son, Sookyoung; Lee, Hyunjung; Jang, Yoona; Yang, Junyeong; Hong, Sehee – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
The purpose of the present study is to compare nonnormal distributions (i.e., t, skew-normal, skew-t with equal skew and skew-t with unequal skew) in growth mixture models (GMMs) based on diverse conditions of a number of time points, sample sizes, and skewness for intercepts. To carry out this research, two simulation studies were conducted with…
Descriptors: Statistical Distributions, Statistical Analysis, Structural Equation Models, Comparative Analysis
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Finch, W. Holmes; Shim, Sungok Serena – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Collection and analysis of longitudinal data is an important tool in understanding growth and development over time in a whole range of human endeavors. Ideally, researchers working in the longitudinal framework are able to collect data at more than two points in time, as this will provide them with the potential for a deeper understanding of the…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Computation, Time, Change
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Raykov, Tenko; Dimitrov, Dimiter M.; Marcoulides, George A.; Li, Tatyana; Menold, Natalja – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
A latent variable modeling method for studying measurement invariance when evaluating latent constructs with multiple binary or binary scored items with no guessing is outlined. The approach extends the continuous indicator procedure described by Raykov and colleagues, utilizes similarly the false discovery rate approach to multiple testing, and…
Descriptors: Models, Statistical Analysis, Error of Measurement, Test Bias
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Wind, Stefanie A.; Patil, Yogendra J. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Recent research has explored the use of models adapted from Mokken scale analysis as a nonparametric approach to evaluating rating quality in educational performance assessments. A potential limiting factor to the widespread use of these techniques is the requirement for complete data, as practical constraints in operational assessment systems…
Descriptors: Scaling, Data, Interrater Reliability, Writing Tests
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Huang, Francis L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Cluster randomized trials involving participants nested within intact treatment and control groups are commonly performed in various educational, psychological, and biomedical studies. However, recruiting and retaining intact groups present various practical, financial, and logistical challenges to evaluators and often, cluster randomized trials…
Descriptors: Multivariate Analysis, Sampling, Statistical Inference, Data Analysis
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Hsiao, Yu-Yu; Kwok, Oi-Man; Lai, Mark H. C. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Path models with observed composites based on multiple items (e.g., mean or sum score of the items) are commonly used to test interaction effects. Under this practice, researchers generally assume that the observed composites are measured without errors. In this study, we reviewed and evaluated two alternative methods within the structural…
Descriptors: Error of Measurement, Testing, Scores, Models
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Wang, Yan; Kim, Eun Sook; Dedrick, Robert F.; Ferron, John M.; Tan, Tony – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
Wording effects associated with positively and negatively worded items have been found in many scales. Such effects may threaten construct validity and introduce systematic bias in the interpretation of results. A variety of models have been applied to address wording effects, such as the correlated uniqueness model and the correlated traits and…
Descriptors: Test Items, Test Format, Correlation, Construct Validity
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Raykov, Tenko; Marcoulides, George A.; Dimitrov, Dimiter M.; Li, Tatyana – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2018
This article extends the procedure outlined in the article by Raykov, Marcoulides, and Tong for testing congruence of latent constructs to the setting of binary items and clustering effects. In this widely used setting in contemporary educational and psychological research, the method can be used to examine if two or more homogeneous…
Descriptors: Tests, Psychometrics, Test Items, Construct Validity
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