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Stevenson, Roger E.; And Others – Mental Retardation, 1996
This analysis of 2,106 cases of severe mental retardation found that only 20% of these cases could have been prevented (41% of the cases with genetic etiology and 46% of the cases with environmental causes), assuming full utilization of currently available medical and/or educational knowledge and interventions. (DB)
Descriptors: Environmental Influences, Etiology, Genetics, Incidence
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Speece, Deborah L. – Exceptionality, 1995
This article describes the strengths and weaknesses of different models of classification (primarily monothetic and polythetic) and then focuses on cluster analysis as a method of pursuing a polythetic model. Design features that need to be incorporated in a cluster analytic study are discussed in relation to theory formulation, internal validity,…
Descriptors: Classification, Cluster Analysis, Models, Research Design
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Weissberg, Robert – Perspectives on Political Science, 1995
Argues that radical left-wing academics faced little opposition in their attempts to dominate intellectual theory in political science. Maintains that this occurred because quantitative research so displaced intellectual theory as to render it irrelevant. Describes the predominant emphasis on statistical methodology and paints a bleak picture of…
Descriptors: Data Interpretation, Educational Change, Educational Environment, Educational Trends
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Moore, Nelle – Research in Higher Education, 1993
Areas in which human judgment must be used to conduct a fair statistical analysis of college faculty salary equity are discussed, and guidelines for making those judgments are offered. Four decision elements and four fields of study are considered as the basis for establishing criteria for selecting the appropriate regression model. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: College Faculty, Evaluation Criteria, Higher Education, Institutional Research
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Birks, Stuart; Lage, Maureen J.; Treglia, Michael – Journal of Economic Education, 1998
Maintains that there is an inconsistency in the regression analysis of the data presented in Maureen J. Lage and Michael Treglia's 1996 article, "The Impact of Integrating Scholarship on Women into Introductory Economics." The authors admit the error, correct it, and report no difference in their original conclusions. (MJP)
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Criticism, Curriculum Development, Data Analysis
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Hathaway, Russel S. – Research in Higher Education, 1995
This article suggests that the choice by institutional researchers to use qualitative or quantitative research is often dictated by time, money, resources, and staff and not necessarily with an understanding of the underlying philosophical assumptions structuring beliefs about methodology, knowledge, and reality. These underlying assumptions are…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Comparative Analysis, Decision Making, Epistemology
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Gresham, Frank M.; And Others – Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 1993
A review of 158 applied behavior analysis studies with children as subjects, published in the "Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis" between 1980 and 1990, found that (1) 16% measured the accuracy of independent variable implementation, and (2) two-thirds did not operationally define components of the independent variable. Specific recommendations…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Behavioral Science Research, Children, Measurement Techniques
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Begin, Jean; Gagne, Francoys – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 1994
A survey of 139 teachers and 138 parents identified educational level and family income as predictors of attitudes toward gifted education. Analysis of extracted principal components found that socioeconomic status and contact with giftedness explained 12% and 10%, respectively, of the variance in attitude scores. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Demography, Educational Attainment, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Income
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Chambers, Shirley M.; Kay, Russell W. – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 1992
This review of research on the social integration of children with disabilities in mainstreaming programs addresses the problems of generalizing findings to other groups of children, use of simplistic measuring techniques, limited evidence supporting the use of multivariate statistical procedures, and interpretation of treatment effects.…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Generalization, Mainstreaming
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Pike, Gary R. – Research in Higher Education, 1992
A study compared three methods for measuring college student growth and development in the course of a college education: (1) gain scores; (2) residual scores; and (3) repeated measures. Analyses indicated that all three are seriously flawed, although repeated measures offer the greatest potential for adequately representing student change.…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gains, College Administration, College Outcomes Assessment
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Snyder, Julie K.; And Others – Research in Higher Education, 1992
Methods used to measure college faculty salary compression (i.e., the extent to which new faculty salaries are approaching those of existing faculty at the same or higher rank) are presented. Administrator methods of addressing the issue of salary compression are also discussed, based on a survey of 10 college provosts. (Author/MSE)
Descriptors: Academic Rank (Professional), Administrative Policy, College Administration, College Faculty
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Hauser-Cram, Penny; Krauss, Marty Wyngaarden – Journal of Early Intervention, 1991
This article describes conceptual and statistical issues in three approaches to the measurement of change in early intervention programs: change scores, indexes of change, and residual change scores. Advantages and limitations of each approach are reviewed. Problems with the reliability of change scores are highlighted. Criteria for selecting…
Descriptors: Change, Change Agents, Disabilities, Early Intervention
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Kambi, Alan G. – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 1993
This commentary on the mismeasurement of language and reading comprehension abilities argues that quantitative measures of complex behaviors and subsequent ranking of individual performance often do not accurately reflect the abstract constructs they purport to measure, and inappropriate quantification and ranking create and perpetuate potentially…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Evaluation Problems
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Lazebnik, Rina; And Others – Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, 1994
This study investigated how 99 children who were examined for suspected sexual abuse (SSA) perceived their own medical evaluation experiences. Although most children did not perceive their SSA examination to be strongly negative, they did report greater fear than for an ordinary doctor visit. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Childhood Attitudes, Fear, Medical Evaluation
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Richards, Brian J. – Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 1991
In response to a paper by P. Yoder (EC 220 946) that examined relationships between maternal questions and language-disordered children's later usage of auxiliary and copula verbs, this letter argues that Yoder's results were influenced by the analytical procedures used and that a reanalysis suggests a slightly different set of relationships among…
Descriptors: Grammar, Language Acquisition, Language Handicaps, Mothers
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