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Sudweeks, Richard R.; Tolman, Richard R. – 1990
The purpose of this study was to compare empirical and subjective procedures for identifying science test items which discriminate against males or females in a fifth grade population (n=926). Techniques such as the Mantel-Haenszel procedure enable test developers to use both a priori and ex post facto procedures to identify specific items that…
Descriptors: Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Females, Grade 5
National Urban League, Inc., New York, NY. – 1990
This paper describes two studies that utilize different research methods, one statistical and one non-statistical, conducted by The National Urban League to assess the needs of black communities. The first study, Black Pulse, whose purpose was to assess the conditions and attitudes of black Americans, consisted of a detailed, statistical survey of…
Descriptors: Black Community, Black Youth, Case Studies, Community Surveys
Hedges, Larry V.; And Others – 1989
Methods for meta-analysis have evolved dramatically since Gene Glass first proposed the term in 1976. Since that time statistical and nonstatistical aspects of methodology for meta-analysis have been developing at a steady pace. This guide is an attempt to provide a practical introduction to rigorous procedures in the meta-analysis of social…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Effect Size, Higher Education, Meta Analysis
Herman, Wayne L., Jr.; Schafer, William D. – 1984
A review of the literature on the transfer of preservice teacher training to the classroom suggests that several definitive factors enhance transfer. A social studies methods course was developed with these factors in mind, and included directed reading activities (DRA) with a text, controversial topic discussion, and inquiry. During the academic…
Descriptors: Directed Reading Activity, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
Pavan, Barbara Nelson – 1987
To determine if women or men have lower aspiration levels for school administrative positions, male and female administrative certificate holders were asked for their ultimate career goal. The most frequent response was superintendent (36 percent), followed by elementary principal, out of education, and professor (12 percent for each choice). The…
Descriptors: Administrator Attitudes, Administrators, Career Choice, Comparative Analysis
Chaudhri, Rajiv; Timmer, C. Peter – 1986
Demand for agricultural commodities, particularly for basic food-stuffs, depends on a household's income, competitive prices, and a set of unique household characteristics which include tastes, location, education, family composition, and farm status. This monograph reviews disaggregated evidence at the national level on the relative contribution…
Descriptors: Agriculture, Costs, Economically Disadvantaged, Food
Cubberley, Carol W. – 1985
This report describes a study of the use of science and technology books and journals in an academic library which was conducted to ascertain whether journal use can be predicted by book circulation figures. The study background and significance are discussed, terms are defined, study limitations are considered, and basic assumptions are…
Descriptors: Academic Libraries, Books, Higher Education, Library Circulation
Chang, Lin; Becker, Betsy Jane – 1987
Data drawn from 30 journal articles and ERIC documents reporting on gender differences in natural science achievement were re-examined. Three meta-analysis methods were used: (1) vote counts and vote-counting estimation procedures; (2) tests of combined significance; and (3) analyses of effect sizes. The three methods produced seemingly…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis, Effect Size, High Schools
Steele, Richard D., Ed.; Gerrey, William, Ed. – 1987
This volume's 301 papers are organized by 16 special interest groups, including: service delivery practice, personal transportation, augmentative and alternative communication, prosthetics and orthotics, quantitative assessment, service delivery policy, technology transfer, sensory aids, wheeled mobility and seating, electrical stimulation,…
Descriptors: Biomechanics, Communication Aids (for Disabled), Computers, Delivery Systems
Mims, R. Sue, Ed. – 1987
This guide to the discovery, analysis, production, communication, and use of statistical information through graphic forms produced by a computer is designed to enable researchers to conduct their analyses and report research results more effectively. It is designed both for individuals with little knowledge about the use of statistical graphs or…
Descriptors: Computer Graphics, Computer Software, Design Requirements, Graphs
Jones, Douglas H.; And Others – 1983
The discovery of disproportionate minority enrollments in special education classes has been a subject of considerable concern to federal, state, and local education officials alike for the past decade. Because the existence of disproportions is frequently thought to result from discriminatory placement practices on the part of local school…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Mental Retardation, Minority Group Children
Mulig, Joanne C.; Madden, J. M. – 1984
Past research on the effectiveness of laboratory training (the use of small group methods of experienced-based learning to produce personal change in attitudes and behaviors) has been deficient both in experimental design and in the concept of change. College students (N=128) participated in a study which used a series of 11 measurements to assess…
Descriptors: Change, College Students, Higher Education, Interpersonal Communication
Hubert, John A.; And Others – 1984
By using a path analytic model, this study seeks to determine the relationship of school organizational stressors to teacher stress in public high schools. The model included three stress variables (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and degree of personal accomplishment), seven organizational health characteristics, a motivational variable,…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, High Schools, Need Gratification, Organizational Climate
Bangert-Drowns, Robert L. – 1984
It is easy to observe that meta-analysis is quickly establishing itself as useful tool of the social sciences. Perusal of representative journals confirms that meta-analysis has been applied in various ways to diverse literatures. It is imperative, therefore, that reviewers, publishers, consumers, and critics of these reviews be best informed…
Descriptors: Estimation (Mathematics), Literature Reviews, Meta Analysis, Probability
Casserly, Michael, Comp. – 1983
This statistical report profiles 32 large cities' school districts. The data, covering the years 1970-82, are presented under five areas: (1) great city demographies and school enrollment, (2) school staff and organization, (3) great city school finance trends, (4) federal programs, and (5) education programs. The report includes 22 tables and 18…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Enrollment Trends, Federal Programs
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