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Bartanen, Brendan; Grissom, Jason A.; Joshi, Ela; Meredith, Marc – AERA Open, 2018
Elected representatives' place of residence can reveal information about their socioeconomic status, their likely social networks, and potential biases in the constituencies they represent. Using data on home addresses we collected from local elections offices, we investigate the geographic distribution of school board candidates', including…
Descriptors: Boards of Education, School Districts, Geographic Distribution, Geographic Information Systems
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Guo, Ying; Breit-Smith, Allison; Hall, Anna H.; Biales, Carrie – Journal of Research in Education, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine the letter-writing ability of preschool children aged 3-5 years and the relationship between early literacy skills (i.e., alphabet knowledge, phonological awareness, and name writing) and letter-writing ability. Thirty-six children were individually assessed on letter writing and early literacy skills…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Emergent Literacy, Alphabets, Phonological Awareness
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Ackerman, Debra J. – ETS Research Report Series, 2018
Kindergarten entry assessments (KEAs) have increasingly been incorporated into state education policies over the past 5 years, with much of this interest stemming from Race to the Top--Early Learning Challenge (RTT-ELC) awards, Enhanced Assessment Grants, and nationwide efforts to develop common K-12 state learning standards. Drawing on…
Descriptors: Screening Tests, Kindergarten, Test Validity, Test Reliability
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Schaefer, John M.; Cannella-Malone, Helen; Brock, Matthew E. – Remedial and Special Education, 2018
Peer support arrangements are an evidence-based practice for increasing interactions between students with severe disabilities and their peers in general education classrooms, but it is unclear how interactions vary across instructional formats or generalize outside the classroom. In this single-case design study, we tested the efficacy of peer…
Descriptors: Severe Disabilities, Peer Influence, Educational Environment, Intellectual Disability
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Fry, Amy – College & Research Libraries, 2018
This article outlines a study assessing and comparing the rate of use of nonreference print and electronic book collections acquired during the same time period at one academic library. Rate of use was examined for both collections by discipline and method of acquisition. The author found that 74 percent of print titles acquired in 2008-2009 had…
Descriptors: Books, Electronic Publishing, Use Studies, Comparative Analysis
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Boyd-Kimball, Debra; Miller, Keith R. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2018
Laboratory courses are often designed using step-by-step protocols which encourage students to conduct experiments without thinking about what they are doing or why they are doing it. Such course design limits the growth of our students as scientists and can make it more difficult for a student to transition to the expectations of a research…
Descriptors: Science Laboratories, Science Instruction, College Science, Undergraduate Study
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Hillman, Nicholas W.; Hicklin Fryar, Alisa; Crespín-Trujillo, Valerie – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Today, 35 states use performance-based funding models tying appropriations directly to educational outcomes. Financial incentives should induce colleges to improve performance, but there are several well-documented reasons why this is unlikely to occur. We examine how two of the most robust performance funding states--Tennessee and Ohio--responded…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Incentives
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Saqr, Youssra; Braun, Erika; Porter, Kyle; Barnette, Debra; Hanks, Christopher – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2018
Little has been reported about how to improve health care access and delivery for adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder. To understand the contributions to the health disparities in the autism spectrum disorder population, we conducted two independent research approaches to learn about current medical needs. A retrospective chart…
Descriptors: Health Needs, Adolescents, Adults, Autism
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Slocum, Jeremy Y.; Merriman, William E. – Journal of Cognition and Development, 2018
From an early age, children show a tendency to map novel labels onto unfamiliar rather than familiar kinds of objects. Accounts of this tendency have not addressed whether children develop a metacognitive representation of what they are doing. In 3 experiments (each N = 48), preschoolers received a test of the "metacognitive disambiguation…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Preschool Children, Novelty (Stimulus Dimension), Familiarity
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Cornman, Stephen Q.; Zhou, Lei; Ampadu, Osei; D'Antonio, Laura; Gromos, David; Wheeler, Stephen – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
This report presents school-level finance data on expenditures by function from the School-Level Finance Survey (SLFS). The SLFS is an extension of two existing collections being conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) in collaboration with the Census Bureau: the School District Finance Survey (F-33) and the state-level…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Data Collection, Feasibility Studies, Elementary Secondary Education
Jenkins, Davis; Lahr, Hana; Fink, John; Ganga, Elizabeth – Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University, 2018
Since the publication of "Redesigning America's Community Colleges" (Thomas Bailey, Shanna Smith Jaggars, and Davis Jenkins) in 2015, guided pathways reform has become a national movement in community colleges. As of spring 2018, more than 250 community colleges have committed to undertaking large-scale guided pathways reforms as part of…
Descriptors: Theory Practice Relationship, Community Colleges, Educational Change, Models
Jenkins, Davis; Lahr, Hana; Fink, John; Ganga, Elizabeth – Community College Research Center, Teachers College, Columbia University, 2018
Guided pathways reforms can take several years to implement at scale because they require a thoroughgoing redesign of a college's major functions, including: (1) organizing programs into career-focused meta-majors to enhance student recruitment and exploration and program improvement; (2) mapping clear paths to degrees, employment, and further…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Program Administration, Educational Change, Change Strategies
Lacefield, Warren E.; Applegate, E. Brooks – Online Submission, 2018
Accountability seems forever engrained into the K-12 environment, as has been the expectation of delivering quality education to school aged children and adolescents. Yet, repeated failure of this expectation has focused the public's and policy maker's attention on the limitations of major accountability systems. This paper explores applications…
Descriptors: Public Education, Data, Visual Aids, Artificial Intelligence
Anzelone, Caitlin, Ed.; Dechausay, Nadine, Ed.; Alemany, Xavier, Ed. – Administration for Children & Families, 2018
The Behavioral Interventions to Advance Self-Sufficiency (BIAS) project conducted 15 randomized controlled trials of behavioral interventions across eight states, in the domains of work support, child support, and child care. BIAS used a systematic approach called "behavioral diagnosis and design" to develop the interventions and their…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Intervention, Randomized Controlled Trials, Program Design
Mayer, Alexander – MDRC, 2018
In this testimony by Alexander Mayer, Deputy Director, Postsecondary Education, Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (MDRC), Before the New Jersey State Assembly Higher Education Committee, the following three points are emphasized: (1) Developmental education is a major challenge facing low-income college students in New Jersey and across…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Low Income Groups, Barriers, College Students
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