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Moss, Katie Marie – ProQuest LLC, 2016
This study examined the relationship of family characteristics (i.e., SES and race), parent-child engagement, and interactive reading behaviors on preschooler's emergent literacy scores. This study used a structural equation model to examine variables that impact emergent literacy development by evaluating data from the Early Childhood…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Preschool Children, Family Characteristics, Parent Child Relationship
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Herbst, Chris M.; Tekin, Erdal – Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 2016
In this paper, we examine the impact of U.S. child-care subsidies on the cognitive and behavioral development of children in low-income female-headed families. We identify the effect of subsidy receipt by exploiting geographic variation in the distance that families must travel from home to reach the nearest social service agency that administers…
Descriptors: Child Care, Grants, Child Development, Cognitive Development
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Youn, Minjong – Early Child Development and Care, 2016
This study employed the concept of teachers' sense of responsibility for students' learning to examine the extent to which the gap in math learning growth is reduced and whether such attitudes can improve children's learning outcomes to a degree that is above and beyond their expected achievement relative to their initial academic skills. Analysis…
Descriptors: Teacher Influence, Teacher Attitudes, Outcomes of Education, Teacher Student Relationship
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Davis, Tomeka M. – Race, Ethnicity and Education, 2016
As the number of biracial individuals in the US continues to grow, so does research focused on them. While some of this literature examines how biracials fare on a host of social outcomes, little research examines whether part-white biracials are able to use their whiteness as a resource to gain additional resources or rewards. This research seeks…
Descriptors: Minority Group Students, Multiracial Persons, Social Capital, Whites
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Youn, Minjong – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The author used the concepts of academic intensity and sense of responsibility to examine whether children with low school readiness may be moderated by the amount of exposure to learning activities and the attitudes that teachers hold toward these children. Analysis of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort revealed that…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Children, Teacher Responsibility
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Palacios, Natalia; Kibler, Amanda – Journal of Educational Research, 2016
The analysis of 21,409 participants of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten cohort focused on home and school factors sought to understand the level of reading mastery that children experienced throughout elementary school and Grade 8 by relating home language use, timing of oral English language proficiency, and the provision of…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Children, Oral Language
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Rowe, Meredith L.; Denmark, Nicole; Harden, Brenda Jones; Stapleton, Laura M. – Infant and Child Development, 2016
This study investigated the role of parenting knowledge of infant development in children's subsequent language and pre-literacy skills among White, Black and Latino families of varying socioeconomic status. Data come from 6,150 participants in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort. Mothers' knowledge of infant development was…
Descriptors: Parent Role, Parent Child Relationship, Literacy, Hispanic Americans
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Sims, Jacqueline; Coley, Rebekah Levine – Early Education and Development, 2016
Research Findings: Home language and literacy inputs have been consistently linked with enhanced language and literacy skills among children. Most studies have focused on maternal inputs among monolingual populations. Though the proportion of American children growing up in primarily non-English-speaking homes is growing and the role of fathers in…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Language Usage, Mothers, Fathers
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Gottfried, Michael – British Educational Research Journal, 2016
In an era of a declining quality and quantity of students entering and persisting in mathematics in the USA, researchers and policy makers are looking for new strategies to engage students in these fields and improve mathematics outcomes. One push has been to make mathematics instruction more relevant with real-world applications throughout the…
Descriptors: Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction, Kindergarten, Mathematics Achievement
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Bornstein, Marc H.; Hahn, Chun-Shin; Putnick, Diane L. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
This 4-wave longitudinal study evaluated stability of core language skill in 421 European American and African American children, half of whom were identified as low (n = 201) and half of whom were average-to-high (n = 220) in later language skill. Structural equation modeling supported loadings of multivariate age-appropriate multisource measures…
Descriptors: Language Skills, Longitudinal Studies, Whites, African Americans
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Jung, Eunjoo – International Journal of Early Childhood, 2016
Children's early home learning experiences are important influences on children's adjustment and achievement in the early years of school. This study explores the relationships between parental beliefs about school readiness, family engagement in home learning activities, on children's attitudes to school as reported by parents, and children's…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Reading Skills, Parent Attitudes, School Readiness
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Keller, Bryan; Tipton, Elizabeth – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2016
In this article, we review four software packages for implementing propensity score analysis in R: "Matching, MatchIt, PSAgraphics," and "twang." After briefly discussing essential elements for propensity score analysis, we apply each package to a data set from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study in order to estimate the…
Descriptors: Computer Software, Probability, Statistical Analysis, Longitudinal Studies
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Mulligan, Gail M.; McCarroll, Jill Carlivati; Flanagan, Kristin Denton; Potter, Daniel – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011), is collecting information about the early educational experiences of a nationally representative sample of children who were in kindergarten or who were of kindergarten age in ungraded classrooms or schools in the 2010-11 school year. The data collection began in…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Early Childhood Education, Longitudinal Studies, Kindergarten
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Rathbun, Amy; Zhang, Anlan – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
Young children experience various types of early care and education environments the year before they enter kindergarten. Some children attend center-based arrangements such as preschools, childcare centers, or Head Start programs, while others are cared for in relatives' or nonrelatives' homes or are normally cared for only by their parents.…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Young Children, Correlation, School Readiness
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Gottfried, Michael; Egalite, Anna; Kirksey, Jacob – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
As special education inclusion policies become more widespread, classroom compositions are changing in ways that affect all students. The present study fills a critical gap in the literature by documenting the extent to which having a classmate with an emotional disturbance (ED) is linked to kindergarteners' absences. Because having a classmate…
Descriptors: Special Education, Behavior Problems, Emotional Disturbances, Correlation
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