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Milligan, Tonya; Howley, Craig – International Journal of Multicultural Education, 2015
This study explores how 10 principals in mostly-Black U.S. urban elementary schools staffed by mostly-White faculty understood and experienced the manifestations of racial differences. Narrative inquiry with nearly 700 pages of transcript data yielded three themes: (1) gradients of color-conscious leadership, (2) principals as moral agents, and…
Descriptors: Instructional Leadership, Urban Schools, Elementary Schools, Racial Segregation
Reardon, Sean F. – Stanford Center for Education Policy Analysis, 2015
Although it is clear that racial segregation is linked to academic achievement gaps, the mechanisms underlying this link have been debated since Coleman published his eponymous 1966 report. In this paper, I examine 16 distinct measures of segregation to determine which is most strongly associated with academic achievement gaps. I find very clear…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Racial Segregation, Racial Differences, Achievement Gap
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Berry, Robert Q., III – North American Chapter of the International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, 2015
An examination of past research, policies, and reforms in mathematics education suggests that there have always been, and remain, tensions in conceptualizing the aims and goals of mathematics teaching and learning. While the disproportionality and conditions of marginalized learners is a cause for concern, it is important to understand that…
Descriptors: Student Needs, Disadvantaged, Power Structure, Mathematics
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Morgan, Pamela S. – Values and Ethics in Educational Administration, 2015
Full membership is acceptance and belonging in a school community where all stakeholders have a voice and the culture is reflective of these values and beliefs. This qualitative study compared the perceptions of general and special education teachers from two southern high schools. The author explored how scripts of disability inform teacher…
Descriptors: High Schools, Disabilities, General Education, Special Education Teachers
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Nix-Hodes, Patricia; Heybach, Laurene M. – Critical Questions in Education, 2014
While the intent of the federal and state homeless education laws is clear, securing the educational rights of students without housing has been a long legal and political struggle in Chicago and Illinois. Education for students experiencing homelessness is a continuation of the civil rights struggle for equality in education and educational…
Descriptors: Homeless People, Equal Education, Civil Rights, Educational Legislation
Grant, Marquis C. – Online Submission, 2014
The decision handed down by the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education was not only a legal victory for African Americans in the United States, but all groups who were forced into exclusionary environments. In the shadows of Brown, advocates began seeking reforms that would allow students with disabilities to receive their education…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, African Americans, Disabilities
Skidmore, Kevin – Online Submission, 2014
As a part of the Individualized Education Plan (IEP), special education teachers work along with their student with special needs and their parent(s)/guardian(s) to create and implement Individualized Transition Plans (ITP) to assist the student with their transition to the post-school environment. As mandated by Individuals with Disabilities…
Descriptors: Transitional Programs, Disabilities, Adolescents, Special Education
García, Emma; Weiss, Elaine – Economic Policy Institute, 2014
Closing achievement gaps--disparities in academic achievement between minority and white students, and between low-income and higher-income students--has long been an unrealized goal of U.S. education policy. It has now been 60 years since the Supreme Court declared "separate but equal" schools unconstitutional in "Brown v. Board of…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Segregation, Student Characteristics, Poverty
Rothstein, Richard – Economic Policy Institute, 2014
May 17 is the 60th anniversary of "Brown v. Board of Education," the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 decision that prohibited Southern states from segregating schools by race. The "Brown" decision annihilated the "separate but equal" rule, previously sanctioned by the Supreme Court in 1896, that permitted states and school…
Descriptors: Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation, Success, Racial Differences
Kucsera, John – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2014
The fight for equal educational opportunity in New York has followed a pattern similar to other diverse or racially transforming states. From the 1950s to 1980s, the issue of school desegregation was an important issue. Local civil rights pressure, the courts, and legislation attempted to desegregate large urban school systems through both…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Desegregation Plans, Educational History, Student Diversity
Ayscue, Jennifer B.; Woodward, Brian – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2014
North Carolina has a storied history of school integration efforts spanning several decades. In response to the "Brown" decision, North Carolina's strategy of delayed integration was more subtle than the overt defiance of other Southern states. Numerous North Carolina school districts were early leaders in employing strategies to…
Descriptors: Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation, School Districts, School Segregation
Niemeyer, Arielle – Civil Rights Project - Proyecto Derechos Civiles, 2014
Delaware's history with school desegregation is complicated and contradictory. The state both advanced and impeded the goals of "Brown v. Board of Education." After implementing desegregation plans that were ineffective by design, Delaware was ultimately placed under the first metropolitan, multi-district desegregation court order in the…
Descriptors: School Desegregation, School Resegregation, State Legislation, Desegregation Litigation
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Cavendish, Wendy; Artiles, Alfredo J.; Harry, Beth – Multiple Voices for Ethnically Diverse Exceptional Learners, 2014
The "Brown" decision laid the foundation for accountability provisions in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1997, 2004) that require reporting of overrepresentation of students of color in special education. This article examines the issues surrounding this equity-focused legal reform that prioritized disproportionate…
Descriptors: Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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Ford, Donna Y.; King, Robert A., Jr. – Multiple Voices for Ethnically Diverse Exceptional Learners, 2014
This article examines the under-representation of African American students in gifted education, with attention to how representation differs for Black males and females. We contend that social injustices (e.g., prejudice and discrimination) contribute to racially segregated gifted education classes (Ford, 2013b). For support, gifted…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Disproportionate Representation, African American Students, Gender Differences
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Graff, Cristina Santamaria; Kozleski, Elizabeth – Multiple Voices for Ethnically Diverse Exceptional Learners, 2014
The 2007 "Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1". Supreme Court 5:4 decision suggests that the Court is divided in its interpretation of "Brown" and its intent in addressing racial segregation. Although "Brown" intended equal educational opportunities through desegregation practices,…
Descriptors: Desegregation Litigation, School Desegregation, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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