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Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This position paper is written to outline recommendations for a quality science curriculum for schools. Among the recommendations made are that the science curriculum needs to stress excellence; that inquiry approaches are important in helping students to become curious learners who identify problems; that observing natural phenomena in the…
Descriptors: Evaluation, Science Curriculum, Science Education, Scientific Methodology
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Leadership can improve reading curriculum in numerous ways. Teachers and supervisors show leadership in the way they decide how to teach and maintain students' attention; structure lessons; motivate students; give individualized attention; assess students; and solve problems. Reading supervisors provide leadership to students as well as teachers,…
Descriptors: Curriculum Development, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods, Leadership Qualities
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Decision-making in reading instruction can be made by the classroom teacher or through scripted materials, such as teacher manuals. Teachers have undergone schooling and certification, and thus are qualified to make decisions concerning objectives of the curriculum, learning opportunities for students, and assessment methods. Programmed reading…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Methods
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
For most children, library books capture their interests and motivate reading more than basal texts do. Choosing library books is highly informal, whereas textbook reading involves more formal, structured plans of teaching. There are a plethora of choices to make in types of literature available to children. These include folk tales, fairy tales,…
Descriptors: Childrens Literature, Class Activities, Elementary Education, Figurative Language
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Formative evaluation emphasizes continuous assessment within a unit of study. There are many ways which may be used by the reading teacher to ascertain pupil achievement: teacher observation, a checklist of important reading behaviors, rating scales, anecdotal statements, teacher written tests, class discussions, self evaluation forms,…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Evaluation Methods, Formative Evaluation, Instructional Improvement
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
To become an efficient reader of subject matter in geography, students need to have adequate background information to read the ensuing content. Vocabulary considerations thoroughly enter into the reading act. A major problem for the teacher when students read geographical content is to develop meaning. To assist students in reading and…
Descriptors: Class Activities, Cognitive Processes, Content Area Reading, Context Clues
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
There is much discussion of the shortage of qualified teachers and the need for teacher recruitment, but punishment strategies legislated in many states to motivate teachers to do the extraordinary are also publicized. There are positive approaches that can be used to motivate teachers, including improving facilities and classroom conditions,…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Public Schools, Teacher Attitudes
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper discusses the importance of reading aloud to students. It emphasizes the teacher's need to plan carefully when to read and what books to read. The paper suggests the following ideas should guide a teacher's choice of reading material: whether the story will capture students' attention; whether the story will increase students'…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Individualized Reading, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Habits
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper discusses the importance of scaffolding and other techniques in teaching reading. It details numerous ways to employ scaffolding, such as the following: a teacher may read aloud new passages while students follow along; a teacher may print new words on the chalkboard before students read a passage which uses the words; and teachers may…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Constructivism (Learning), Elementary Education, Oral Reading
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper discusses the difficulty students often face when many new words are simultaneously introduced in a text. It suggests teachers may address this difficulty in a number of ways, including the following: writing to a publisher to suggest improvements; providing lists of new words to students before reading selections; and focusing on…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Phonics, Reading Instruction, Reading Material Selection
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper outlines various approaches to teaching reading. The first approach considered focuses on a teacher strictly following a textbook. The paper notes that textbooks which employ programmed reading help students progress at a slow but steady rate. It then discusses the hierarchical method of state mandated objectives and testing. Features…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Individualized Reading, Programmed Instructional Materials, Reading Instruction
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Using educational technology in reading instruction is one approach, among others, to assist students to increase reading skills. However, there are several reasons why technology is not increasingly used in the school setting, including lack of administrative support; failure to allocate a technology coordinator to help train teachers and…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Formative Evaluation, Inservice Teacher Education, Reading Instruction
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper emphasizes the connections between listening and the language arts. It lists advantages of students who are good listeners, such as students can learn more when listening well, and students learn to be polite by listening. In addition, the paper lists the following conditions which improve student listening: teaching and learning…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Educational Objectives, Elementary Education, Language Arts
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Currently, many states are providing inservice education for teachers so that higher student test scores result. State mandated objectives are available to teachers for study and used as benchmarks for teaching. The local reading curriculum then needs to be aligned with these objectives of instruction. The major objective of inservice education is…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Experience Charts, Inservice Teacher Education, Professional Development
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Offering courses online is a big trend in today's teacher education. This new trend requires students' self development, achievement, and growth. This paper discusses courses that can be offered online and their criteria, and the quality of science courses and the standards they need to meet. (Contains 10 references.) (YDS)
Descriptors: Curriculum, Distance Education, Educational Technology, Higher Education
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