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Journal of Autism and…4432
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Jia, Ronnie; Steelman, Zachary R.; Jia, Heather H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study assesses the psychometric properties of three self-report measures of autistic-like tendencies in the general adult population: "autistic spectrum quotient (AQ)", "adult repetitive behaviours questionnaire-2 (RBQ-2A)", and "systemizing quotient (SQ)". Three rounds of development and testing using different…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Autism, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Montallana, Khrystle L.; Gard, Brendan M.; Lotfizadeh, Amin D.; Poling, Alan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We determined inter-rater agreement for the VB-MAPP, an instrument sometimes used in planning educational goals and evaluating intervention effects for young people with autism. A pair of raters independently rated each of 32 children diagnosed with autism. Intraclass correlation coefficients for the total Milestones and Barrier scores were 0.876…
Descriptors: Barriers, Interrater Reliability, Autism, Educational Objectives
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Nilsson Jobs, Elisabeth; Bölte, Sven; Falck-Ytter, Terje – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
To fulfill the criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD), symptoms must be present across domains and contexts. We assessed preschool staff's ratings of social communication and interaction (SCI) and restricted and repetitive behaviors (RRBs) in 3-year-old siblings of children with ASD, either diagnosed (n = 12) or not diagnosed (n = 36) with…
Descriptors: Preschool Teachers, Social Behavior, Correlation, Clinical Diagnosis
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Bejnö, Hampus; Roll-Pettersson, Lise; Klintwall, Lars; Långh, Ulrika; Odom, Samuel L.; Bölte, Sven – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Increasing rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and younger age at diagnosis pose a challenge to preschool intervention systems. In Sweden, most young autistic children receive intervention service in community-based preschool programs, but no tool is yet available to assess the quality of the preschool learning environment. This study adapted…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Community Programs
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Fleury, Veronica P.; Trevors, Greg; Kendeou, Panayiota – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We explored the influence of credibility and evidence on public perceptions of ASD treatments using survey methodology. Participants (N = 379) read texts about different ASD treatments. The text presentation was based on a 2 × 2 within-subjects factorial design with treatment status [evidence based practices (EBP) vs. non-EBP] and source…
Descriptors: Public Opinion, Attitudes toward Disabilities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Schaller, Ulrich Max; Biscaldi, Monica; Fangmeier, Thomas; Tebartz van Elst, Ludger; Rauh, Reinhold – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Using a schema-theoretical perspective in the field of moral cognition, we assessed response behavior of adolescent (n = 15) and adult (n = 22) individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in comparison with adolescent (n = 22) and adult (n = 22) neurotypically developed controls. We conceptualized the Intuitive Moral Reasoning Test--in five…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Schemata (Cognition)
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Cariveau, Tom; Shillingsburg, M. Alice; Alamoudi, Arwa; Thompson, Taylor; Bartlett, Brittany; Gillespie, Scott; Scahill, Lawrence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We report the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a structured behavioral intervention with a sample of minimally verbal girls with autism spectrum disorder between the ages of 2 and 6 years old. Ten participants with no functional vocal behavior were randomized to a 4-week behavioral intervention or waitlist control group. Caregivers reported…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Intervention, Females, Autism
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Russell, N. C. C.; Luke, S. G.; Lundwall, R. A.; South, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic individuals have shown superior performance in simple, albeit difficult, visual search tasks. We compared eye movements and behavioral markers across two visual search tasks based on real-world scenes in young adults. Context-aided search increased speed and accuracy for all groups. Autistic adults (n = 29) were on average consistently…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Anxiety
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Shire, Stephanie Y.; Shih, Wendy; Chang, Ya-Chih; Bracaglia, Suzanne; Kodjoe, Maria; Kasari, Connie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Intervention research is increasingly conducted in community settings, however it is not clear how well practices are sustained locally or how children progress once external research support is removed. Two school-year cohorts of toddlers with autism (year 1: n = 55, year 2: n = 63) received Joint Attention, Symbolic Play, Engagement, and…
Descriptors: Intervention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Control
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Jordan, Allyson K.; Thomeer, Marcus L.; Lopata, Christopher; Donnelly, James P.; Rodgers, Jonathan D.; McDonald, Christin A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined informant discrepancies for parent and teacher adaptive behavior ratings of 103 children, ages 6-12 years, with ASD (without intellectual disability). Scores on the Adaptive Behavior Assessment System, third edition (Harrison and Oakland, Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, 2015) General Adaptive Composite (GAC) and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Preadolescents
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Maskey, Morag; Rodgers, Jacqui; Grahame, Victoria; Glod, Magdalena; Honey, Emma; Kinnear, Julia; Labus, Marie; Milne, Jenny; Minos, Dimitrios; McConachie, Helen; Parr, Jeremy R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We examined the feasibility and acceptability of using an immersive virtual reality environment (VRE) alongside cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for young people with autism experiencing specific phobia. Thirty-two participants were randomised to treatment or control. Treatment involved one session introducing CBT techniques and four VRE…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Feasibility Studies, Computer Simulation, Anxiety
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Conlon, Olivia; Volden, Joanne; Smith, Isabel M.; Duku, Eric; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Waddell, Charlotte; Szatmari, Peter; Mirenda, Pat; Vaillancourt, Tracy; Bennett, Teresa; Georgiades, Stelios; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Ungar, Wendy. J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Possible gender differences in manifestations of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were examined using data on production of narratives. The Expression, Reception and Recall of Narrative Instrument (ERRNI; Bishop, Expression, Reception and Recall of Narrative Instrument, Harcourt assessment, London, 2004) was administered to a sample of matched…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Pragmatics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Traynor, J. M.; Gough, A.; Duku, E.; Shore, D. I.; Hall, G. B. C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The social communicative deficits and repetitive behaviours seen in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) may be affected by altered stimulus salience and reward attribution. The present study used eye tracking and a behavioural measure to index effort expenditure, arousal, and attention, during viewing of images depicting social scenes and…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Communication, Interpersonal Competence, Visual Stimuli, Behavior Problems
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Cage, Eilidh; Troxell-Whitman, Zoe – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Camouflaging entails 'masking' in or 'passing' social situations. Research suggests camouflaging behaviours are common in autistic people, and may negatively impact mental health. To enhance understanding of camouflaging, this study examined reasons, contexts and costs of camouflaging. 262 autistic people completed measures of camouflaging…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Behavior, Mental Health
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Jashar, Dasal Tenzin; Fein, Deborah; Berry, Leandra N.; Burke, Jeffrey D.; Miller, Lauren E.; Barton, Marianne L.; Dumont-Mathieu, Thyde – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parent satisfaction with neurodevelopmental evaluations may influence the pursuit of intervention. Parent satisfaction with a neurodevelopmental evaluation for toddlers at risk for autism (n = 257; 128 with autism) was examined using the Post-Evaluation Satisfaction Questionnaire, which collected quantitative and qualitative information. Fewer…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Satisfaction, At Risk Persons, Toddlers
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