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Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Since regular teachers miss on average 8 days of work each year due to illness, there is a need to have well trained substitute teachers for the public schools. The substitute teacher needs inservice education programs which prepare him/her to do a quality job of teaching students. The following are essential reading skills to develop within…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Educational Objectives, Elementary Education, Inservice Teacher Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper considers several philosophies as they relate to student assessment. Realists believe that one can know the real world as it truly is. As a philosophy of testing and measurement, realism is characterized by behaviorally stated objectives, measurement-driven instruction, and report cards, along with the use of programmed materials.…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Philosophy, Educational Testing, Existentialism
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Oral communication and reading correlate well with each other. Objectives, established by the teacher, must be clearly stated and should be challenging, but achievable for students. They need to stress knowledge, skills, and attitudinal objectives with a balance among these three categories. Objectives to be stressed are that students need to:…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary Education, Learning Activities, Oral Language
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Curriculum becomes increasingly relevant as it is based on what exists in society and what the implications are for student learning. The growing emphasis upon scripted teacher-proof programs and regimented student tasks has marginalized time for purposeful thinking and meaningful dialogue. This loss is significant because reflection supports…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
A person can communicate more accurately by possessing a rich vocabulary, be it in listening, speaking, reading, or writing. Then too, students need a well developed vocabulary which is integrated across the entire curriculum. This paper focuses on the plethora of vocabulary terms in diverse curriculum areas, including social studies, science,…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary Education, Language Arts, Mathematics
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Each clearly differentiated program of reading instruction is based on a selected psychological school of thought. Rather than emphasizing one traditional plan of teaching, the teacher needs to study and analyze the student's curricular achievement to see what fits into the learner's repertoire of skills and knowledge. The materials and methods of…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Educational Psychology, Elementary Secondary Education, Linguistics
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Noting that oral communication skills need continuous refinement, this document outlines various methods of practicing these skills, such as literature circles in reading; a reader's theater; presentations of book reports; story telling; a poetry reading club; and choral reading. The document describes literature circles as small groups of readers…
Descriptors: Choral Speaking, Communication Skills, Elementary Education, Poetry
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Students who live in rural areas will almost certainly leave those areas for occupations in larger city areas when they reach adulthood. Therefore, the child needs to receive the best education possible to prepare for an unknown future. This paper discusses some of the characteristics of rural schools, especially the plethora of children living in…
Descriptors: Cultural Context, Curriculum Development, Elementary Education, Holistic Approach
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Many students exhibit poor listening habits in the classroom, so that elementary and secondary teachers must do much repeating and reteaching of material. It is particularly important for students to listen well to achieve as much as possible in the mathematics curriculum. There are a plethora of sources available from which to select objectives…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary Education, Listening Comprehension, Listening Skills
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper discusses the different ways in which science can be taught, including reading of subject matter from a basal textbook and a hands-on approach in ongoing science lessons and units of study. The paper first points out that in 1996 the National Science Teachers Association came out with a set of standards for teachers to emphasize in…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Content Area Reading, Elementary Secondary Education, Hands on Science
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Mathematics has its own unique vocabulary as well as words which cut across all academic disciplines. It also has abstract symbols which belong to mathematics solely. Words and symbols need to be read meaningfully by students. Along with reading, mathematics teaching stresses the use of a variety of learning opportunities to guide students to…
Descriptors: Classroom Environment, Context Clues, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Flexibility is a key term to emphasize when grouping students for instruction, since a student might be in a different group for one academic area as compared to another academic area. This paper describes grouping for different methods of reading instruction and other disciplines. The paper discusses the following: using basal readers, using…
Descriptors: Departments, Elementary Education, Grouping (Instructional Purposes), Mixed Age Grouping
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Ediger, Marlow – Reading Improvement, 2002
Argues that teachers need to think of and implement quality methods of teaching spelling. Offers 10 criteria from the psychology of learning to assist students to achieve optimally in spelling. (SG)
Descriptors: Curriculum Design, Elementary Education, Instructional Improvement, Spelling Instruction
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Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Four goals of reading instruction are problem solving, securing ideas, achieving state mandated standards, and making decisions. These broad goals provide general direction for teachers in teaching reading. In order to apply reading to problem solving, a teacher may propose a life-like and important problem to students. The pupils then select…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Discussion (Teaching Technique), Educational Objectives, Elementary Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2001
Teacher-developed tests can be more valid and reliable than standardized tests or state-mandated tests in evaluating student achievement in science. Many teachers, however, are not acquainted with the standards to use in test writing. The National Research Council has released "Classroom Assessment and the National Education Standards," a…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Portfolio Assessment, Portfolios (Background Materials), Science Achievement
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