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Fuchs, Douglas – 2001
This final report, covering the period September 1, 1997 to August 31, 2001, discusses the development, activities, and outcomes of Upgrading Preparatory Work To Augment Reading Development: UPWARD for Students with Disabilities, a multi-faceted program for providing children with disabilities intensive, phonological awareness and other early…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Cooperative Learning, Decoding (Reading), Disabilities
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hosp, Michelle K.; Jenkins, Joseph R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2001
Considers oral reading fluency as an indicator of overall reading competence. Summarizes several studies substantiating that oral reading fluency may reflect overall reading competence. Provides an historical analysis of the extent to which oral reading fluency has been incorporated into measurement approaches during the past century. Concludes…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Evaluation Methods, Oral Reading, Reading Ability
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Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Nancy – Teacher Education and Special Education, 2001
Discussion of the research-to-practice gap in special education first suggests the Mainstream Assistance Teams effort as an example of this gap. It then suggests reasons for the gap and proposes a model that emphasizes collaboration between researchers and practitioners and nontraditional staff development activities. Lessons learned and…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Instructional Improvement, Models
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas – Learning Disabilities: Research & Practice, 2001
A data-based approach is introduced as an alternative way to help teachers formulate decisions about the validity of test accommodations for students with learning disabilities. Three rationales for the approach are provided: an inadequate research base to guide decision-making, student heterogeneity, and problems with teacher's use of subjective…
Descriptors: Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Decision Making, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas – Learning Disabilities: Research & Practice, 2001
This article identifies and discusses principles of prevention and intervention in the area of mathematics. Three levels of prevention and intervention are addressed: primary prevention focusing on universal design, secondary prevention focusing on adaptations, and tertiary prevention focusing on intensive and explicit contextualization of…
Descriptors: Academic Accommodations (Disabilities), Educational Principles, Elementary Secondary Education, Learning Disabilities
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Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Thompson, Anneke; Svenson, Ebba; Yen, Loulee; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Yang, Nancy; McMaster, Kristin Nyman; Prentice, Karen; Kazdan, Sarah; Saenz, Laura – Remedial and Special Education, 2001
This article describes downward and upward extensions of Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) in reading, originally developed for Grades 2-6. Extensions have occurred for kindergarten, first grade, and high school. The rationale for development of PALS and why additional PALS activities were required to address younger and older students are…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Cooperative Learning, Elementary Secondary Education, Inclusive Schools
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Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Thompson, Anneke; Yen, Loulee; McMaster, Kristen N.; Svenson, Ebba; Yang, Nancy J. – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2001
This article describes a teacher-researcher collaboration, "Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies for Kindergartens," or K-PALS, which was the reading readiness program produced by the partnership. The development of K-PALS is discussed, along with research showing that it promotes young children's reading development and fits easily into classrooms.…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Disabilities, Kindergarten, Kindergarten Children
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas – Special Services in the Schools, 2001
Asserts that students learn more when teachers individually tailor student programs using curriculum-based measurement (CBM). Describes computer applications to CBM and provides examples of how the technology has been used. Provides an overview of the research conducted and examines its utility. Discusses implications for the field of special…
Descriptors: Computer Uses in Education, Curriculum Based Assessment, Evaluation Methods, Program Development
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Allor, Jill Howard; Fuchs, Douglas; Mathes, Patricia G. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2001
A study compared the effectiveness of phonemic awareness and decoding training for 58 first graders with and without severe lexical retrieval weaknesses. All students demonstrated poor phonemic awareness. Students with relatively strong lexical retrieval skills responded more favorably to beginning reading instruction than did students with weak…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Decoding (Reading), Educational Strategies, Elementary Education
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas – Focus on Exceptional Children, 2001
This article describes the Math Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS), a research-based practice developed with heavy teacher involvement. A case study of a school where Math PALS was developed, researched, and continues in use is followed by a discussion of principles for sustaining the use of research-based practices. Extensive figures detail…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Classroom Research, Educational Practices, Elementary Education
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas – National Center on Student Progress Monitoring, 2001
When teachers use systematic progress monitoring to track their students progress in reading, mathematics, or spelling, they are better able to identify students in need of additional or different forms of instruction, they design stronger instructional programs, and their students achieve better. This document first describes progress monitoring…
Descriptors: Student Evaluation, Academic Achievement, Reading, Mathematics
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Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn; Yen, Loulee; McMaster, Kristen; Svenson, Ebba; Yang, Nancy; Young, Caresa; Morgan, Paul; Gilbert, Tracy; Jaspers, Jennifer; Jernigan, Maryam; Yoon, Esther; King, Sophia – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2001
This article reports on research on the effectiveness of a peer-assisted learning strategy (PALS) intervention to develop fluency in beginning readers with and without disabilities. Pairs of students complete phonically based activities and then repeated readings of a shared text. Evaluation indicated that the peer-mediated, repeated reading…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Classroom Techniques, Disabilities, Instructional Effectiveness
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Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Thompson, Anneke; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Yen, Loulee; Yang, Nancy J.; Braun, Mary; O'Connor, Rollanda E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2001
Examined effectiveness and feasibility of phonological awareness training, with and without a beginning decoding component. Teachers were assigned randomly to three groups: control, phonological awareness training, and phonological awareness training with beginning decoding instruction and practice. Group differences were identified at the end of…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Decoding (Reading), Individual Differences, Instructional Effectiveness
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Hamilton, Chad; Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Roberts, Holley – School Psychology Review, 2000
Explores the effects of different rates of classroom participation on the peer ratings of three student groups: students with learning disabilities; low-achieving nondisabled students; and average- and high-achieving students. Results suggested that, as the rate of classroom participation decreased, ratings tended to diverge increasingly from…
Descriptors: Class Activities, Elementary Education, High Achievement, Learning Disabilities
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Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Burish, Pamela – Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 2000
This article describes the Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) program for developing reading skills in grades 2-6. It notes a 3rd grade teacher's perspective and reports on research and development efforts supporting use of PALS reading with students with learning disabilities. Noted is the recent extension of PALS reading downward into…
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Instructional Effectiveness, Learning Disabilities, Learning Strategies
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