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Dortch, Cassandria – Congressional Research Service, 2018
As of FY2018, the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) administers benefits under six GI Bills: the Post-9/11 Veterans Educational Assistance program (Post-9/11 GI Bill), Survivors' and Dependents' Educational Assistance Program (DEA), Montgomery GI Bill--Selected Reserve (MGIB-SR), Montgomery GI Bill--Active Duty (MGIB-AD), Reserve Educational…
Descriptors: Veterans Education, Federal Legislation, Veterans, Educational Legislation
Heisler, Elayne J.; Panangala, Sidath Viranga; Mendez, Bryce H. P.; Villagrana, Marco A.; Mitchell, Alison – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Access to health care is, in part, determined by the availability of physicians, a function of the physician supply. Policymakers have demonstrated a long-standing interest in access to care, both in general and for specific populations. Moreover, federal support for medical residency training (a.k.a., graduate medical education [GME]) is the…
Descriptors: Graduate Medical Education, Federal Aid, Educational Finance, Federal Programs
Hegji, Alexandra; Smole, David P.; Heisler, Elayne J. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
This report identifies and describes federal student loan forgiveness and loan repayment programs that are currently authorized by federal law. It provides brief, summary descriptions of identified programs. These program descriptions are intended to provide policymakers with general information about the purpose of existing programs and how they…
Descriptors: Student Loan Programs, Loan Repayment, Federal Legislation, Incentives
Skinner, Rebecca R.; Rosenstiel, Leah – Congressional Research Service, 2018
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) is the primary source of federal aid to elementary and secondary education. The ESEA was last reauthorized by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA; P.L. 114-95) in 2015. The Title I-A program has always been the largest grant program authorized under the ESEA. Title I-A grants provide supplementary…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Federal Aid
Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
The Impact Aid program, administered by the U.S. Department of Education (ED), was originally established in 1950 by P.L. 81-815 and P.L. 81-874, 15 years prior to the enactment of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). Impact Aid compensates local educational agencies (LEAs) for a "substantial and continuing financial…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Student Financial Aid
Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
Moeller, Eliza; Seeskin, Alex; Nagaoka, Jenny – University of Chicago Consortium on School Research, 2018
The UChicago Consortium, Network for College Success, and the To&Through Project's new paper, "Practice-Driven Data: Lessons from Chicago's Approach to Research, Data, and Practice in Education," shares key lessons learned from Chicago's approach to using data to foster ongoing improvement in students' educational attainment. This…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Data Collection, Data Analysis, Educational Improvement
Granovskiy, Boris – Congressional Research Service, 2018
The term "STEM" (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) education refers to teaching and learning in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. It typically includes educational activities across all grade levels--from pre-school to post-doctorate--in both formal (e.g., classrooms) and informal (e.g.,…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Program Descriptions, Educational Policy, Educational Practices
Kuenzi, Jeffrey J. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Quite commonly, reports on elementary and secondary school teachers begin with the rather obvious notion that the quality of instruction is critical to student learning. Decades of federal policymaking have been built on the premise that good pre-service preparation is an effective route to quality teaching and, ultimately, improved educational…
Descriptors: Teacher Education, Educational Policy, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
Crandall-Hollick, Margot L. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Families may choose to save for college or elementary and secondary education expenses using tax-advantaged qualified tuition programs (QTPs), also known as 529 plans. 529 plans, named for the section of the tax code which dictates their tax treatment, are tax-advantaged investment trusts used to pay for education expenses. The specific tax…
Descriptors: Paying for College, Taxes, Tuition, Tax Credits
Crandall-Hollick, Margot L. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
This report provides a brief overview of the higher education tax benefits that are currently available to students and their families. The report: (1) contrasts higher education tax benefits with traditional student aid; (2) presents a brief history of higher education tax policy over the past 60 years, including recent legislative proposals to…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Taxes, Tax Credits, College Students
Dragoo, Kyrie E. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Since the enactment of P.L. 94-142, the predecessor legislation to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), in 1975, the federal government has played a prominent role in encouraging the principle of educational equality for children with disabilities through a permanent, broad-scale federal assistance program. The IDEA is a grants…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Legislation, Equal Education, Federal Legislation
Collins, Benjamin – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Vocational Rehabilitation and Employment for veterans (VR&E) is an entitlement program that provides job training and related services "to enable veterans with service-connected disabilities to achieve maximum independence in daily living and, to the maximum extent feasible, to become employable and to obtain and maintain suitable…
Descriptors: Veterans, Veterans Education, Vocational Rehabilitation, Job Training
Dragoo, Kyrie E. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is the main federal statute governing special education for children from birth through age 21. IDEA protects the rights of children with disabilities to a free appropriate public education (FAPE). It also supplements state and local funding to pay for some of the additional or excess costs of…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Equal Education, Federal Legislation, Disabilities
Hegji, Alexandra – Congressional Research Service, 2018
The Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA; P.L. 89-329), as amended, authorizes a broad array of federal student aid programs that assist students and their families with financing the cost of a postsecondary education, as well as programs that provide federal support to postsecondary institutions of higher education (IHEs). Programs authorized by the…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Higher Education, Federal Aid
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