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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Geary, David C.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Hamlett, Carol L. – Child Development, 2016
Children (n = 747; 6.5 years) were assessed on domain-general processes and mathematics and reading-related competencies (start of first grade), addition retrieval (end of second grade), and calculations and word reading (end of third grade). Attentive behavior, reasoning, visuospatial memory, and rapid automatized naming (RAN) indirectly…
Descriptors: Computation, Language Proficiency, Phonology, Naming
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Tolar, Tammy D.; Fuchs, Lynn; Fletcher, Jack M.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlett, Carol L. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
Three cohorts of third-grade students (N = 813) were evaluated on achievement, cognitive abilities, and behavioral attention according to contrasting research traditions in defining math learning disability (LD) status: low achievement versus extremely low achievement and IQ-achievement discrepant versus strictly low-achieving LD. We use methods…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Instruction, Learning Disabilities
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Powell, Sarah R.; Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlett, Carol L.; Seethaler, Pamela M.; Tolar, Tammy D. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine child-level pathways in development of prealgebraic knowledge versus word-problem solving, while evaluating the contribution of calculation accuracy and fluency as mediators of foundational skills/processes. Children (n = 962; mean 7.60 years) were assessed on general cognitive processes and early…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Mathematics Skills, Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Sterba, Sonya K.; Fuchs, Douglas; Malone, Amelia S. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
The purpose of this set of analyses, conducted on a randomized control trial examining the effects of a fourth-grade fraction intervention, was to assess the initial academic deficit severity hypothesis. With this hypothesis, at-risk students with more severe initial academic deficits are expected to profit less from intervention than do students…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Fractions, Mathematics Instruction, Intervention
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Seethaler, Pamela M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L. – Grantee Submission, 2016
The purpose of this study was to assess the added value of dynamic assessment (DA) beyond more conventional static measures for predicting individual differences in year-end 1st-grade calculation (CA) and word-problem (WP) performance, as a function of limited English proficiency (LEP) status. At the start of 1st grade, students (129 LEP; 163…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Limited English Speaking, Mathematics Instruction
Fuchs, Lynn S.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Powell, Sarah R.; Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlett, Carol L.; Seethaler, Pamela M.; Tolar, Tammy D. – Grantee Submission, 2016
The purpose of this study was to examine child-level pathways in development of prealgebraic knowledge versus word-problem solving, while evaluating the contribution of calculation accuracy and fluency as mediators of foundational skills/processes. Children (n = 962; mean 7.60 years) were assessed on general cognitive processes and early…
Descriptors: Knowledge Level, Mathematics Skills, Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving
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Wang, Amber Y.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas – Grantee Submission, 2016
The purpose of this study was to identify cognitive and linguistic predictors of word problems with versus without irrelevant information. The sample was 701 2nd-grade students who received no specialized intervention on word problems. In the fall, they were assessed on initial arithmetic and word-problem skill as well as language ability, working…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Mathematics Skills
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Geary, David C.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Hamlett, Carol L. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study investigated contributions of general cognitive abilities and foundational mathematical competencies to numeration understanding (i.e., base-10 structure) versus multidigit calculation skill. Children (n = 394, M = 6.5 years) were assessed on general cognitive abilities and foundational numerical competencies at start of 1st grade; on…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Cognitive Ability, Mathematics Skills, Numbers
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Tolar, Tammy D.; Fuchs, Lynn; Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Douglas; Hamlett, Carol L.; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2012
This study addressed predictors of the development of word problem solving (WPS) across the intermediate grades. At beginning of 3rd grade, 4 cohorts of students (N = 261) were measured on computation, language, nonverbal reasoning skills, and attentive behavior and were assessed 4 times from beginning of 3rd through end of 5th grade on 2 measures…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Language Skills, Problem Solving, Grade 3
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
In this article, the authors consider the power and limitations of responsiveness-to-intervention (RTI) for reducing the need for ongoing and intensive services for the segment of the school population traditionally identified as having a learning disability in mathematics. To assess the robustness of RTI, the authors describe four studies with…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Mathematics Curriculum, Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Instruction
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Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Lambert, Warren; Hamlett, Carol – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
The purpose of this study was to examine the cognitive and academic profiles associated with learning disability (LD) in reading comprehension, word reading, applied problems, and calculations. The goal was to assess the specificity hypothesis, in which unexpected underachievement associated with LD is represented in terms of distinctive patterns…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Mathematics Education, Learning Disabilities, Short Term Memory
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Powell, Sarah R.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Vernier, Emily; Namkung, Jessica M.; Vukovic, Rose K. – Developmental Psychology, 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate the contributions of domain-general cognitive resources and different forms of arithmetic development to individual differences in pre-algebraic knowledge. Children (n = 279, mean age = 7.59 years) were assessed on 7 domain-general cognitive resources as well as arithmetic calculations and word problems…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Algebra, Individual Differences, Knowledge Level
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Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Bryant, V. Joan; Hamlett, Carol L.; Lambert, Warren – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
In a sample of 195 first graders selected for poor reading performance, the authors explored four cognitive predictors of later reading comprehension and reading disability (RD) status. In fall of first grade, the authors measured the children's phonological processing, rapid automatized naming (RAN), oral language comprehension, and nonverbal…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Oral Language, Grade 5
Seethaler, Pamela M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L. – Online Submission, 2012
The purpose of this study was to assess the value of dynamic assessment (DA; degree of scaffolding required to learn unfamiliar mathematics content) for predicting 1st-grade calculations (CAs) and word problems (WPs) development, while controlling for the role of traditional assessments. Among 184 1st graders, predictors (DA, Quantity…
Descriptors: Child Health, Word Problems (Mathematics), Grade 1, Academic Achievement
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Compton, Donald L.; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Jenkins, Joseph R.; Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Cho, Eunsoo; Barquero, Laura A.; Bouton, Bobette – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
Response-to-intervention (RTI) approaches to disability identification are meant to put an end to the so-called wait-to-fail requirement associated with IQ discrepancy. However, in an unfortunate irony, there is a group of children who wait to fail in RTI frameworks. That is, they must fail both general classroom instruction (Tier 1) and…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Intervention, Norm Referenced Tests, Disability Identification
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