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McMaster, Kristen L.; Jung, Pyung-Gang; Brandes, Dana; Pinto, Viveca; Fuchs, Douglas; Kearns, Devin; Lemons, Christopher; Sáenz, Laura; Yen, Loulee – Reading Teacher, 2014
Teachers are often asked to implement research-based instructional programs with fidelity and to ensure that all students reach high academic standards. These requests sometimes conflict when teachers find that not all their students are benefiting from the research-backed programs. In this article, we suggest that researchers and teachers can…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Reading Strategies, Elementary School Students, Reading Programs
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Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Vaughn, Sharon – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2014
In this article, the authors present two models of intensive instruction for students with and without disabilities who are having difficulties with Response to Intervention (RTI) currently in practice (Tier 1: general instruction that all students receive in mainstream classrooms, and Tier 2: programs often involving small group instruction). The…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Response to Intervention, Teaching Models, Individualized Instruction
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Powell, Sarah R.; Cirino, Paul T.; Schumacher, Robin F.; Marrin, Sarah; Hamlett, Carol L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Changas, Paul C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
The focus of this study was connections among 3 aspects of mathematical cognition at 2nd grade: calculations, word problems, and prealgebraic knowledge. We extended the literature, which is dominated by correlational work, by examining whether intervention conducted on calculations or word problems contributes to improved performance in the other…
Descriptors: Computation, Word Problems (Mathematics), Mathematics Instruction, Teaching Methods
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Lemons, Christopher J.; Fuchs, Douglas; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Educational Researcher, 2014
Experimental and quasi-experimental designs are used in educational research to establish causality and develop effective practices. These research designs rely on a counterfactual model that, in simple form, calls for a comparison between a treatment group and a control group. Developers of educational practices often assume that the population…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Research Design, Models, Control Groups
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Arcand, Marie-Soleil; Dion, Eric; Lemire-Théberge, Léonie; Guay, Marie-Hélène; Barrette, Anne; Gagnon, Vickie; Caron, Pier-Olivier; Fuchs, Douglas – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2014
It was hypothesized that prosodic reading facilitates beginning readers' comprehension by allowing them to segment the text into meaningful word groups. Two prosodic features of the oral reading of second-grade students were considered: lack of inappropriate pauses and attention to punctuation. To examine the unique contribution of these features…
Descriptors: Beginning Reading, Suprasegmentals, Reading Comprehension, Oral Reading
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Miller, Amanda C.; Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Compton, Donald; Kearns, Devin; Zhang, Wenjuan; Yen, Loulee; Patton, Samuel; Kirchner, Danielle Peterson – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which teacher ratings of behavioral attention predicted responsiveness to word reading instruction in first-grade and third-grade reading comprehension performance. Participants were 110 first-grade students identified as at risk for reading difficulties who received 20 weeks of intensive…
Descriptors: Attention, Longitudinal Studies, Reading, Reading Comprehension
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Hamlett, Carol L.; Wang, Amber Y. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2015
This study's hypotheses were that (a) word-problem (WP) solving is a form of text comprehension that involves language comprehension processes, working memory, and reasoning, but (b) WP solving differs from other forms of text comprehension by requiring WP-specific language comprehension as well as general language comprehension. At the start of…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Reading Comprehension, Short Term Memory
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Powell, Sarah R.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Cirino, Paul T.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L.; Changas, Paul C. – Exceptional Children, 2015
The focus of the present study was enhancing word problem and calculation achievement in ways that support prealgebraic thinking among second-grade students at risk for mathematics difficulty. Intervention relied on a multitier support system (i.e., responsiveness to intervention, or RTI) in which at-risk students participate in general classroom…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Computation, Algebra, At Risk Students
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Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S. – Remedial and Special Education, 2015
Despite recent advances in the development of instructional interventions, many students with significant learning problems do not benefit from them. This includes 25% to 50% of students with learning disabilities (LD). In this article, we identify five limitations of current instructional programs that may help to explain students' inadequate…
Descriptors: Delivery Systems, Learning Problems, Intervention, Instructional Effectiveness
Peng, Peng; Fuchs, Douglas – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
Researchers are increasingly interested in working memory (WM) training. However, it is unclear whether it strengthens comprehension in young children who are at risk for learning difficulties. We conducted a modest study of whether the training of verbal WM would improve verbal WM and passage listening comprehension and whether training effects…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Short Term Memory, Training, Learning Strategies
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Geary, David C.; Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Schatschneider, Christopher; Hamlett, Carol L.; DeSelms, Jacqueline; Seethaler, Pamela M.; Wilson, Julie; Craddock, Caitlin F.; Bryant, Joan D.; Luther, Kurstin; Changas, Paul – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2013
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 1st-grade number knowledge tutoring with contrasting forms of practice. Tutoring occurred 3 times per week for 16 weeks. In each 30-min session, the major emphasis (25 min) was number knowledge; the other 5 min provided practice in 1 of 2 forms. Nonspeeded practice reinforced relations…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Tutoring, Arithmetic, Mathematics Instruction
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Kearns, Devin M.; Fuchs, Douglas – Exceptional Children, 2013
Stakeholders are debating the value of cognitively focused instruction for students who have not benefited from a skills-based approach. Much of the discussion, however, is occurring without recognition of research that has been conducted in the past 2 decades. In this article, we reviewed the research. Electronic databases and hard copies of…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Low Achievement, Teaching Methods, Cognitive Processes
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McMaster, Kristen L.; Han, Insoon; Coolong-Chaffin, Melissa; Fuchs, Douglas – Elementary School Journal, 2013
In this study, a school district adopted Kindergarten Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (K-PALS), a scientifically based, class-wide peer-tutoring program for reading. Sixteen new K-PALS teachers were assigned randomly to receive ongoing support from a university expert or from experienced K-PALS teachers within the district. K-PALS teachers who…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, School Districts, Peer Teaching, Reading Achievement
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Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Compton, Donald L. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2013
In this article, we considered evidence from our intervention research programs on whether students with learning disability (LD) in reading and mathematics (comorbid LD) respond differently to intervention, compared to students with reading LD alone (RD) or to students with mathematics LD alone (MD). The goal was to gain insight into whether…
Descriptors: Comorbidity, Learning Disabilities, Reading Difficulties, Mathematics Achievement
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Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Compton, Donald L.; Fuchs, Douglas; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Bouton, Bobette; Barquero, Laura A.; Cho, Eunsoo – Reading Research Quarterly, 2013
This randomized control trial examined the efficacy of a multitiered supplemental tutoring program within a first-grade responsiveness-to-intervention prevention model. Struggling first-grade readers (n = 649) were screened and progress monitored at the start of the school year. Those identified as unresponsive to general education Tier 1 (n =…
Descriptors: Tutoring, Prevention, Intervention, Reading Instruction
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