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Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper considers the role of realism, idealism, experimentalism, and existentialism in the teaching of reading. The paper first discusses realism, noting that reading specialists who are realists desire to have objectives stated in measurable terms--in state mandated tests the tests are to be aligned with the stated objectives. In idealism,…
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Educational Theories, Existentialism, Reading Instruction
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper outlines ways other than drills that students can practice reading methods. Flash cards, software programs, essay projects, and synonym hunts are examples of enjoyable ways for students to practice. In a more formal method of introducing words, a teacher writes words on the board and discusses them before assigning a story with the new…
Descriptors: Class Size, Classroom Environment, Elementary Education, Essays
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper explores the philosophical considerations involved in literacy. It explains that one concept that is emphasized in discussions of literacy is "the basics," which are defined as essential skills, such as the association of phonemes with graphemes. This paper notes that "the basics" movement presently stresses the…
Descriptors: Back to Basics, Elementary Education, Literacy, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper lists and dates important historical happenings related to reading instruction. John Locke (1632-1704) was an early advocate that school should be a pleasant place to learn. He believed in the "tabula rasa" theory whereby a student had a mind like a blank sheet with nothing printed initially. Starting from the conception that…
Descriptors: Educational History, Educational Objectives, Educational Philosophy, Educational Theories
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Advocates of high standards and expectations usually believe that gaps in reading achievement can be eliminated with good teaching, but slow readers need a specially designed reading curriculum. The teacher first needs to use an informal reading inventory to determine the student's reading level. Functioning generally on a higher level than…
Descriptors: Context Clues, Elementary Education, Phonics, Reading Aloud to Others
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Vocabulary development is essential for a student to become a good reader. By learning new words in terms of meaning and use, the student can increase his/her listening, speaking, reading, and writing vocabularies. A student may increase vocabulary development when communicating informally with others or formally within a classroom setting. This…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Elementary Secondary Education, Science Instruction, Social Studies
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
As students progress through the different grade levels, reading across the curriculum needs to be emphasized because it provides opportunities for students to practice reading in each academic discipline. Becoming a good reader is a curriculum "must." On the kindergarten level, experience charts may be used as an early means of teaching…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary Education, Experience Charts, Individualized Instruction
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
The design of the reading curriculum presents a vision of what will be stressed in reading instruction. A first ingredient to discuss in developing the reading curriculum emphasizes the degree to which different curriculum areas should be related in teaching and learning. Reading then could be taught as a separate subject matter area from the…
Descriptors: Cognitive Style, Curriculum Design, Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Reading in the content areas is a basic in the curriculum. The ability to read well involves a plethora of knowledge, skills, and attitudes. Measurement of instruction involves the use of highly specific objectives in reading instruction. With a measurement philosophy of instruction, the following are important to consider: whatever exists, exists…
Descriptors: Classics (Literature), Content Area Reading, Elementary Secondary Education, Individualized Instruction
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper analyzes each of three different plans of reading instruction and raises questions regarding these individual plans of teaching reading. The paper first discusses state standards and the reading curriculum and whether state-mandated testing improves the reading curriculum. In contrast to state-mandated testing, it then considers…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Comparative Analysis, Humanism, Primary Education
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Teachers need to be able to ask quality questions in the teaching of reading--questions to assess student comprehension and to clarify content, questions to enable learners to engage in higher levels of cognition such as creative and critical thinking, questions to help students engage in meaningful reading experiences and become lifelong…
Descriptors: Classroom Techniques, Elementary Secondary Education, Questioning Techniques, Reading Instruction
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
The reading teacher needs to gather information on the many ways to emphasize student comprehension and application in the reading curriculum. Tenets from educational psychology need to be followed in teaching and learning situations to assist students to achieve as much as individual abilities permit. This paper cites 10 things that the teacher…
Descriptors: Educational Psychology, Elementary Secondary Education, Poetry, Reading Comprehension
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
This paper explores the concept of the community school. A community school emphasizes wholehearted involvement by all living in the designated community area. The Porter Rural School, Missouri, established by Marie Turner Harvey with the help of Evelyn Dewey and her father John Dewey, was an outstanding example of the community school concept…
Descriptors: Community Schools, Elementary Secondary Education, Participation, School Community Relationship
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Connecting reading and writing has become an important trend in teaching the language arts. Poetry, as a salient facet of the reading curriculum, integrates well with different purposes in writing. Poetry read aloud to students can assist learners to enjoy reading activities and develop the feeling and aesthetic dimension of learning, among other…
Descriptors: Creative Writing, Educational Trends, Elementary Education, Holistic Approach
Ediger, Marlow – 2002
Summative evaluation of student achievement in reading emphasizes determining learner progress at the end of a unit of study, end of course, or end of the school year. Generally, state mandated tests stress an end of the school year percentile which is to indicate the present state of learner achievement. This paper discusses and analyzes…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Elementary Secondary Education, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Portfolio Assessment
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