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Showalter, Daniel; Klein, Robert; Johnson, Jerry; Hartman, Sara L. – Rural School and Community Trust, 2017
More than one in four of America's public schools are rural, and nearly one in six of the nation's students are in rural areas. Many children and their families in rural America need better and more equitable educational opportunities. This is the main theme of "Why Rural Matters 2015-16: Understanding the Changing Landscape," the eighth…
Descriptors: Rural Schools, Public Schools, Equal Education, Rural Education
Tennessee Department of Education, 2017
The Read to be Ready campaign emerged from the startling reality of Tennessee's reading achievement data. Only one-third of Tennessee fourth graders scored proficient in the last administration of National Assessment of Education Progress (NAEP) in 2015. Equally concerning, students who fell behind in the early years almost never caught up in…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Reading Instruction, At Risk Students, Reading Comprehension
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Culpepper, Steven Andrew; Park, Trevor – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2017
A latent multivariate regression model is developed that employs a generalized asymmetric Laplace (GAL) prior distribution for regression coefficients. The model is designed for high-dimensional applications where an approximate sparsity condition is satisfied, such that many regression coefficients are near zero after accounting for all the model…
Descriptors: Bayesian Statistics, Multivariate Analysis, Item Response Theory, Regression (Statistics)
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Traynor, Anne – Applied Measurement in Education, 2017
It has long been argued that U.S. states' differential performance on nationwide assessments may reflect differences in students' opportunity to learn the tested content that is primarily due to variation in curricular content standards, rather than in instructional quality or educational investment. To quantify the effect of differences in…
Descriptors: Test Items, Difficulty Level, State Standards, Academic Standards
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Hillemeier, Marianne M.; Maczuga, Steve – Educational Researcher, 2017
Federal legislation and policy increasingly seek to address minority overrepresentation in special education due to concerns that U.S. schools are misidentifying children as disabled based on their race or ethnicity. Yet whether and to what extent this is occurring is currently in dispute. We estimated racial disparities in disability…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disability Identification, Disproportionate Representation, Racial Differences
Mitchell, Tamarra L. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between technology and engineering instruction and technology and engineering literacy in grades K-8. The factors identified and used for the purpose of this study were gender, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, and important modes of technology and engineering instruction. These factors…
Descriptors: Correlation, Technology Education, Engineering Education, Technological Literacy
US Department of Education, 2017
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA), as amended by the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), and implementing regulations maintain requirements for State educational agencies (SEAs), local educational agencies (LEAs) to prepare and disseminate report cards that provide information on State, LEA, and school performance and…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation, Progress Monitoring
Foundation for Excellence in Education, 2017
The goal of a Comprehensive K-3 Reading Policy is to establish intensive reading intervention for K- 3 students who are at risk of reading failure to help ensure they read on grade level by the end of third grade. The policy also requires third grade students to demonstrate sufficient reading skills for promotion to fourth grade. Retention can…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Reading Instruction, Intervention, Reading Difficulties
Brown, Eric L. – ProQuest LLC, 2017
Despite increases in overall academic achievement, African American males continue to struggle in the area of mathematics. Data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) indicates that eighth grade African American males had the lowest levels of mathematics success of all subgroups in 2013, with only 13% performing at or above…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Males, African American Students, Mathematics Achievement
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Young, Jemimah L.; Young, Jamaal R.; Ford, Donna Y. – Journal of Advanced Academics, 2017
The purpose of this study was to explore the differential effects of access to gifted education on the mathematics and science achievement of fourth-grade Black girls. This study utilized mean difference effect sizes to examine the magnitude of differences between groups. By convention, White girls were included as a comparison group. Girls…
Descriptors: Gifted, African American Children, STEM Education, Early Childhood Education
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Pondiscio, Robert – Education Next, 2017
Officials of state education agencies are not known for hyperbole. Maintaining data systems, drafting rules and regulations, and monitoring compliance are not the stuff of breathless raves--especially in Louisiana, whose education system ranks near the bottom nationwide on measures of student achievement and high-school graduation rates. Yet in…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Common Core State Standards, School District Autonomy, School Districts
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Wang, Ting; Li, Min; Thummaphan, Phonraphee; Ruiz-Primo, Maria Araceli – International Journal of Testing, 2017
Contextualized items have been widely used in science testing. Despite common use of item contexts, how the influence of a chosen context on the reliability and validity of the score inferences remains unclear. We focused on sequential cues of contextual information, referring to the order of events or descriptions presented in item contexts. We…
Descriptors: Science Tests, Cues, Difficulty Level, Test Items
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Bond, Jeremy; Zhang, Mingyuan – European Journal of Educational Research, 2017
This study presented a secondary analysis of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) dataset. The paper explored the differences between fourth grade reading scores by examining (1) how often the fourth graders discuss their school work at home with family and (2) how often the fourth graders discuss what they were reading with…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Reading Achievement, Grade 4, Scores
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Smith, Mark D. – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Cognitive validity examines the relationship between what an assessment aims to measure and what it actually elicits from test takers. The present study examined whether multiple-choice items from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) grade 12 U.S. history exam elicited the historical thinking processes they were designed to…
Descriptors: History, Thinking Skills, Tests, Alternative Assessment
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Culpepper, Steven Andrew – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2017
In the absence of clear incentives, achievement tests may be subject to the effect of slipping where item response functions have upper asymptotes below one. Slipping reduces score precision for higher latent scores and distorts test developers' understandings of item and test information. A multidimensional four-parameter normal ogive model was…
Descriptors: Measurement, Achievement Tests, Item Response Theory, National Competency Tests
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