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Education Consolidation…1
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Bernacki, Matthew L.; Walkington, Candace – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Context personalization--the incorporation of students' out-of-school interests into learning tasks--has recently been shown to positively affect students' situational interest and their performance and learning in mathematics. However, few studies have shown effects on both interest and achievement, drawing into question whether context…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Interests, Individualized Instruction, Mathematics Instruction
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Pulfrey, Caroline; Durussel, Kevin; Butera, Fabrizio – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
"Sharing is caring" the old adage goes, with its implied message that both are morally desirable. But what if it's test answers that students are sharing with their friends? Integrating values, cheating, and in-group bias theory, we hypothesize that adherence to group-loyalty benevolence values--considered as some of the most moral…
Descriptors: Cheating, Ethics, Student Behavior, Competition
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Parong, Jocelyn; Mayer, Richard E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
The goals of the study were (a) to compare the instructional effectiveness of immersive virtual reality (VR) versus a desktop slideshow as media for teaching scientific knowledge, and (b) to examine the efficacy of adding a generative learning strategy to a VR lesson. In Experiment 1, college students viewed a biology lesson about how the human…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Simulated Environment, Computer Simulation, Educational Technology
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Liu, Allison S.; Schunn, Christian D. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Science learning is most often examined within formal education contexts, even though students spend more of their lives outside of the classroom. Students may interact with scientific phenomena during these out-of-school experiences, providing additional opportunities for learning to take place. Prior studies have found that optional science…
Descriptors: Science Education, Longitudinal Studies, Grade 6, Grade 8
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Becker, Michael; Neumann, Marko – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Research has shown that academic self-concepts (ASCs) are subject to contextual influences, in particular to the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE). The BFLPE refers to the phenomenon whereby able students report more negative ASC when exposed to learning environments with relatively higher-achieving students. Although the BFLPE has been…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Transitional Programs, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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Rau, Martina A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Making connections among multiple visual representations is key to students' learning. This article considers two learning processes involved in connection making: explicit sense making of connections and implicit perceptual induction of connections. Instructional interventions support these processes via different problem types: sense-making…
Descriptors: Learning Processes, Association (Psychology), Visual Aids, Undergraduate Students
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Schnotz, Wolfgang; Wagner, Inga – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Conjoint processing of text and pictures is assumed to possess an inherent asymmetry, because text and pictures serve fundamentally different but complementary functions. Conjoint processing is assumed to start with general, coherence-oriented mental model construction. When certain tasks have to be solved, the mental model is adjusted to the task…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Schemata (Cognition), Reading Comprehension
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Wolff, Fabian; Helm, Friederike; Zimmermann, Friederike; Nagy, Gabriel; Möller, Jens – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Students evaluate their domain-specific abilities by comparing their own achievement in a certain domain with the achievement of others (social comparison), with their own prior achievement (temporal comparison), and with their own achievement in other domains (dimensional comparison). This article is the first to analyze the simultaneous effects…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, College Students, Self Concept, Mathematics Achievement
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Rucinski, Christina L.; Brown, Joshua L.; Downer, Jason T. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Previous research has demonstrated that teacher-child relationship quality and classroom emotional climate are each related to children's social-emotional and academic development, yet work examining interactional quality at both child and classroom levels simultaneously is limited. The current study examines whether teacher-child relationship…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Classroom Environment, Social Development, Emotional Development
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Hughes, Jan N.; West, Stephen G.; Kim, Hanjoe; Bauer, Shelby S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
This 14-year prospective study investigated the effect of retention in Grades 1-5 on high school completion (diploma, GED, or drop out). Participants were 734 (52.7% males) ethnically diverse, academically at-risk students recruited from Texas schools into the study when they were in first grade (mean age = 6.57). Propensity score weighting…
Descriptors: Grade Repetition, Elementary School Students, High School Graduates, Graduation Rate
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Linnenbrink-Garcia, Lisa; Wormington, Stephanie V.; Snyder, Kate E.; Riggsbee, Jan; Perez, Tony; Ben-Eliyahu, Adar; Hill, Nancy E. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Two studies were conducted with distinct samples to investigate how motivational beliefs cohere and function together (i.e., motivational profiles) and predict academic adjustment. Integrating across motivational theories, participants (N[subscript Study 1] = 160 upper elementary students; N[subscript Study 2] = 325 college students) reported on…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, College Students, Student Motivation, Student Attitudes
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Lam, Silvia Siu-Yin; McBride, Catherine – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Given the orthographic complexities of Chinese characters, handwriting skills may play an important role in how children learn to write Chinese. The present study includes a comprehensive battery of handwriting measures in relation to Chinese spelling in young children. Measures of handwriting, including stroke order, visual-motor integration…
Descriptors: Writing Instruction, Handwriting, Chinese, Spelling
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Van Ryzin, Mark J.; Roseth, Cary J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Peer victimization is a highly stressful experience that impacts up to a third of all adolescents and can contribute to a variety of negative outcomes, including elevated anxiety, depression, drug use, and delinquency, as well as reduced self-esteem, school attendance, and academic achievement. Current prevention approaches (e.g., the Olweus…
Descriptors: Cooperative Learning, Middle School Students, Bullying, Victims
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Häikiö, Tuomo; Heikkilä, Timo T.; Kaakinen, Johanna K. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Syllabification by hyphens (e.g., hy-phen-a-tion) is a standard procedure in early Finnish reading instruction. However, recent findings indicate that hyphenation slows down children's reading already during the first grade (Häikiö, Hyönä, & Bertram, 2015, 2016). In the present study, it was examined whether this slowdown is indicative of…
Descriptors: Syllables, Finno Ugric Languages, Reading Instruction, Grade 2
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Stieff, Mike; Origenes, Andrea; DeSutter, Dane; Lira, Matthew; Banevicius, Lukas; Tabang, Dylan; Cabel, Gervacio – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
Spatial ability predicts success in STEM (Science, Technology, Education, and Mathematics) fields, particularly chemistry. This paper reports two studies investigating the unique contribution of mental rotation ability to spatial thinking in a STEM discipline. Using authentic disciplinary tasks from chemistry, we show that the difficulty of a…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, STEM Education, Spatial Ability, Chemistry
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