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Stader, David L.; Surface, Jeanne L. – Clearing House: A Journal of Educational Strategies, Issues and Ideas, 2014
Title IX is designed to protect students from discrimination based on sex in any educational institution that receives financial assistance. This article focuses on Title IX as it applies to high school athletic programs by considering the trial of a high school district in California. A federal court found considerable inequalities between boys…
Descriptors: Womens Education, Females, Equal Education, Gender Bias
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Kaiser, Matthew M.; Seitz, Keshia M.; Walters, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 2014
Ritha Smith, assistant superintendent, and Seth Hanson, principal, are faced with a difficult decision. Taylor Harper is a transgender student who identifies as male and is openly attracted to females. Taylor's parents, Lane and Morgan Harper, are lesbians; they are fully supportive of their child's identification and are well versed in their…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Student Rights, Sexual Identity, Administrator Role
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Eckes, Suzanne Elizabeth; McCall, Stephanie D. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2014
Purpose: This article examines the role social science has played in litigation involving public single-sex educational programs. It also explores a body of social science research related to gender and education that we believe could assist the courts and school leaders in better examining the possibilities and the limitations of single-sex…
Descriptors: Social Science Research, Single Sex Schools, Court Litigation, Gender Issues
Ramsey, Jeffrey T. – ProQuest LLC, 2014
Signed into law in 1972, Title IX of the Education Amendments was designed to eliminate gender discrimination throughout the American educational system. Title IX applied to all educational programs at any level of schooling including admissions, financial aid, academic programs, and social organizations. However, Title IX has primarily been…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Equal Education, Sex Fairness
Acosta, R. Vivian; Carpenter, Linda Jean – Acosta - Carpenter, 2014
In 1970, prior to the 1972 enactment of Title IX, there were only 2.5 women's teams per school and a total of only about 16,000 female intercollegiate athletes. In 1977/1978, the academic year preceding the mandatory compliance date for Title IX, the number of varsity sports for women had grown to 5.61 per school. A decade later, in 1988, the…
Descriptors: Womens Athletics, College Athletics, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Longitudinal Studies
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McLaughlin, Alicia – School Social Work Journal, 2014
Even as we mark the fortieth anniversary of Title IX, evidence indicates that pregnant and parenting high school students continue to struggle with stigmatization and discrimination within the public school system. To remind school social work practitioners and other concerned administrators of the provisions of this historic legislation, this…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Gender Discrimination, Sex Fairness
Sweitzer, Kyle V.; Hoffman, Jennifer; Horton, David, Jr. – Association for Institutional Research, 2014
To varying degrees, institutional research (IR) offices are involved in the collection and reporting of academic, financial, and gender equity data related to their student-athletes and athletic programs. However, many institutional researchers are not familiar with athletics data and/or reporting requirements. This article discusses the degree to…
Descriptors: Athletes, College Athletics, Two Year Colleges, Colleges
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Toglia, Thomas V. – Tech Directions, 2013
Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972 has significant implications for gender equity in career and technical education (CTE) and science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs--and the relatively low number of women and girls pursuing nontraditional careers has significant economic and social implications. From an…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, STEM Education, Sex Fairness, Females
Whitmer, Regina – District Administration, 2013
The glory days of high school sports are no longer reserved for dream team athletes, as athletic directors are increasingly opening up sports to all students, regardless of ability, and seeing winning results on the field and off. This push is reflected in the most recent National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) survey, which…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Athletics, High School Students, National Surveys
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Weaver, Lori M.; Brown, James R.; Weddle, Daniel B.; Aalsma, Matthew C. – Journal of School Violence, 2013
State lawmakers have responded to school bullying by crafting antibullying legislation. By July 2011, 47 states enacted such laws, though varied widely in content and scope. This study systematically evaluated each state's antibullying legislation by focusing on the inclusion of individual, parental, and systemic protective factors through…
Descriptors: Bullying, State Legislation, Laws, Federal Legislation
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Charmaraman, Linda; Jones, Ashleigh E.; Stein, Nan; Espelage, Dorothy L. – Journal of School Health, 2013
Background: This study fills a gap in the literature by examining how school staff members view bullying and sexual harassment and their role in preventing both. Given recent legislation, increasingly more attention is paid to bully prevention; however, student-on-student sexual harassment is less addressed. Methods: Four focus groups were…
Descriptors: Bullying, Teacher Role, Sexual Harassment, Middle School Teachers
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Paule-Koba, Amanda L.; Harris, Othello; Freysinger, Valeria J. – Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2013
Despite the apparent benefits of Title IX, the implementation of the law remains controversial, and there are divergent beliefs regarding its impact on collegiate sport. The purpose of this study was to examine how members of a university community, whose intercollegiate sport programs have changed, perceive and make sense of Title IX and the…
Descriptors: College Athletics, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Gender Discrimination
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Fossey, Richard; Trujillo-Jenks, Laura; Eckes, Suzanne – Journal of Cases in Educational Leadership, 2013
Public schools are full of incidents that fill newspapers, but when a private school is struck with instances of libel, child abuse, and violations of Title IX, the community is at a loss as to what to do.
Descriptors: Private Schools, High Schools, Catholic Schools, Libel and Slander
Cummins, John; Hextrum, Kirsten – Center for Studies in Higher Education, 2013
This white paper was prepared at the request of the Advisory Committee to the Athletic Study Center as a result of their concern over poor graduation rates in football as released by the NCAA in 2012. The paper received extensive review by the members of that committee as well as several other knowledgeable faculty and senior administrators before…
Descriptors: Intercollegiate Cooperation, College Athletics, Team Sports, Interviews
Huelsman, Mark; Engle, Jennifer – Institute for Women's Policy Research, 2013
Student parents face many challenges to accessing, persisting, and completing postsecondary education. While some of these challenges are unique to student parents--such as finding quality child care during class and work hours and juggling studying and academic assignments with parenting duties--others are typical of low-income and underserved…
Descriptors: College Students, Parents, Student Financial Aid, Paying for College
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