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Boesch, Brandon – Science & Education, 2019
It is widely argued that the skills of scientific expertise are tacit, meaning that they are difficult to study. In this essay, I draw on work from the philosophy of action about the nature of skills to show that there is another access point for the study of skills--namely, skill transmission in science education. I will begin by outlining…
Descriptors: Science Education, Science Process Skills, Teaching Methods, Models
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Finch, Holmes; French, Brian F. – Applied Measurement in Education, 2019
The usefulness of item response theory (IRT) models depends, in large part, on the accuracy of item and person parameter estimates. For the standard 3 parameter logistic model, for example, these parameters include the item parameters of difficulty, discrimination, and pseudo-chance, as well as the person ability parameter. Several factors impact…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Accuracy, Test Items, Difficulty Level
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Mitchell, Sharon L.; Oakley, Danielle R.; Dunkle, John H. – Journal of College Student Psychotherapy, 2019
Established in 1950, the Association for University and College Counseling Center Directors (AUCCCD) is an international organization comprising universities and colleges (https://www.aucccd.org). AUCCCD members are the higher education leaders for student mental health. Our members represent a wide range of professional disciplines, public and…
Descriptors: College Students, Counseling Services, Administrative Organization, Mental Health Programs
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Thomas, Damon; Moore, Robbie; Rundle, Olivia; Emery, Sherridan; Greaves, Robyn; te Riele, Kitty; Kowaluk, Andy – Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2019
Assessment is a central feature of student learning in higher education and has a strong influence on the student experience. Accordingly, the appropriate communication of assessment aims is a priority for all higher education institutions. This study proposes an analytical framework for the interpretation and creation of assessments across higher…
Descriptors: Models, Higher Education, Evaluation Methods, Academic Achievement
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Kondinski, Aleksandar; Parac-Vogt, Tatjana N. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2019
Single-type, 8-fold-grooved, commercially accessible interlocking disks (ILDs) have been used for modeling of complex polyhedral and reticular topologies with relevance to inorganic and hybrid materials. The assembly of complex topologies relies on the preparation of secondary building units (SBUs), which exhibit different connectivity than that…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Science Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Models
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Malinak, Steven M.; Hertzog, Jerald E.; Pacilio, Julia E.; Polvani, Deborah A. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2019
Laboratory experiments that offer interdisciplinary experiences for students are appealing and are increasingly popular additions to undergraduate chemistry curricula. Students can capitalize on their knowledge of multiple areas of chemistry while working through an application, and this fosters the development of progressive problem-solving…
Descriptors: Laboratory Experiments, Models, Undergraduate Students, College Science
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Sansom, Rebecca L.; Suh, Erica; Plummer, Kenneth J. – Journal of Chemical Education, 2019
Heat and enthalpy are challenging topics for general chemistry students because they are conceptually complex and require avariety of quantitative problem-solving approaches. Expert chemists draw on conditional knowledge, deciding when and under what conditions a certain problem-solving approach should be used. Decision-based learning (DBL)…
Descriptors: Decision Making, Problem Solving, Science Instruction, Chemistry
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Alonzo, Dennis; Mirriahi, Negin; Davison, Chris – Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2019
The use of standards-based assessment (SBA) has gained prominence in higher education due to a wide range of research evidence that supports its effectiveness in improving learning and teaching. Although the concept is widely used in academic discourse and practice, it has multiple interpretations which have led to diverse assessment practices to…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, Student Evaluation, College Students, Higher Education
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Araújo, Rui; Hastie, Peter; Lohse, Keith R.; Bessa, Cristiana; Mesquita, Isabel – European Physical Education Review, 2019
The purpose of this study was to analyse 18 Portuguese high school students' game play performance improvements across three hybrid Sport Education-Step-Game-Approach volleyball seasons. Students' play performance at the entry and exit points of each season was evaluated using the Game Performance Assessment Instrument during 2vs2 games. A series…
Descriptors: Team Sports, Games, Models, Foreign Countries
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Ergas, Oren – Studies in Philosophy and Education, 2019
This paper addresses the problem of "the insufficiency of now" that stems from the entanglement of education with time. Namely, the embodied-lived present is always inferior compared to the hypothetical ideal future. Education and its promise hence carry the seed of inevitable disenchantment. This problem is examined based on two…
Descriptors: Buddhism, Time, Metacognition, Perception
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Putwain, David W. – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2019
According to the self-referent executive processing (S-REF) model, test anxiety develops from interactions between three systems: executive self-regulation processes, self-beliefs, and maladaptive situational interactions. Studies have tended to examine one system at a time, often in conjunction with how test anxiety relates to achievement…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, High Stakes Tests, Executive Function, Self Control
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Kyndt, Eva; Donche, Vincent; Coertjens, Liesje; van Daal, Tine; Gijbels, David; Van Petegem, Peter – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2019
The transition from secondary to higher education is a challenging process, in which the development of students' motivation plays a pivotal role. The current study examines whether self-efficacy--and how it develops--is able to explain the growth in motivation. The current longitudinal study included five waves, across a period of 25 months (i.e.…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Student Motivation, Longitudinal Studies, Self Determination
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Luo, Yong; Dimitrov, Dimiter M. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Plausible values can be used to either estimate population-level statistics or compute point estimates of latent variables. While it is well known that five plausible values are usually sufficient for accurate estimation of population-level statistics in large-scale surveys, the minimum number of plausible values needed to obtain accurate latent…
Descriptors: Item Response Theory, Monte Carlo Methods, Markov Processes, Outcome Measures
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Morgan, Kevin – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2019
The purpose of this article is to critically apply the mastery TARGET structures (task, authority, recognition, grouping, evaluation and time) to the cooperative learning (CL) model in physical education. The premise is that the TARGET structures are highly applicable to the CL model and that combining both approaches will optimize student…
Descriptors: Mastery Learning, Cooperative Learning, Physical Education, Student Motivation
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Richards, K. Andrew R.; Ivy, Victoria Nicole; Wright, Paul M.; Jerris, Emily – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2019
Social and emotional learning competencies are included within physical education standards in the United States and abroad. Students should begin learning these important life skills in physical education at an early age, but most of the available teaching strategies target secondary environments. Physical educators can intentionally integrate…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Social Responsibility, Developmentally Appropriate Practices
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