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Aro, Tuija; Eklund, Kenneth; Eloranta, Anna-Kaija; Närhi, Vesa; Korhonen, Elisa; Ahonen, Timo – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
We studied the impact of diverse subtypes of learning disabilities (LD) on adult-age mental health, education, and employment by comparing the LD group (n = 430) with a matched control group without a known history of LD (n = 2,149). The clinical archived data were merged with lifelong register data on sickness allowances/disability pensions…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Adults, Mental Health, Educational Attainment
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Hahn, Michael; Joechner, Ann-Kathrin; Roell, Judith; Schabus, Manuel; Heib, Dominik P. J.; Gruber, Georg; Peigneux, Philippe; Hoedlmoser, Kerstin – Developmental Science, 2019
Sleep spindles are related to sleep-dependent memory consolidation and general cognitive abilities. However, they undergo drastic maturational changes during adolescence. Here we used a longitudinal approach (across 7 years) to explore whether developmental changes in sleep spindle density can explain individual differences in sleep-dependent…
Descriptors: Sleep, Child Development, Memory, Cognitive Ability
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Pathak, Manina; Bennett, Amanda; Shui, Amy M. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder have deficits in adaptive functioning. This study examines the adaptive behavior, its association with cognitive ability, gender, age, and symptom severity in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from Autism Treatment Network registry, the adaptive behavior profiles were examined in 2538…
Descriptors: Adjustment (to Environment), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Behavior
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Kaartinen, Miia; Puura, Kaija; Pispa, Päivi; Helminen, Mika; Salmelin, Raili; Pelkonen, Erja; Juujärvi, Petri; Kessler, Esther B.; Skuse, David H. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
Cooperation is a fundamental human ability that seems to be inversely related to aggressive behaviour in typical development. However, there is no knowledge whether similar association holds for children with autism spectrum disorder. A total of 27 boys with autism spectrum disorder and their gender, age and total score intelligence matched…
Descriptors: Males, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Correlation
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Castro, Connie J.; Viezel, Kathleen; Dumont, Ron; Guiney, Meaghan – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2019
This study examined recent technological developments in cognitive assessment and how these developments impact children's test behavior. The study consisted of two groups: one tested with an iPad and another tested with the standard paper and pencil format of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV). Independent groups t tests…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Children, Cognitive Ability, Child Behavior
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Agaliotis, Ioannis; Kalyva, Efrosini – International Education Studies, 2019
This study explores the differences in the motivational profiles of under-achieving gifted students and high-achieving gifted and non-gifted students. In comparison to their high-achieving peers, under-achieving gifted students reported weaker motivational orientations, in both achievement and social goals, as well as in intrinsic motivation.…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Gifted, Comparative Analysis, High Achievement
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Aharony, Noa; Zion, Avi – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2019
The current study seeks to shed light on the usage habits of the "WhatsApp" application among teenagers, exploring the effect of mobile instant messaging distractions on pupils' working memory performance. Research was conducted in Israel during 2016 school year. The study sample was divided into two groups randomly--a control group and…
Descriptors: Social Media, Computer Mediated Communication, Short Term Memory, Adolescents
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Zheng, Lidan; Grove, Rachel; Eapen, Valsamma – Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 2019
Background: Mothers of children with autism experience high levels of stress. However, little is known about whether maternal stressors differ across children of different ages. Method: This study investigated stressors in mothers of 29 pre-school-aged and 27 school-aged children with autism. Correlation and regression analyses were used to…
Descriptors: Mothers, Predictor Variables, Stress Variables, Autism
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Deckert, Matthias; Schmoeger, Michaela; Schaunig-Busch, Ines; Willinger, Ulrike – Journal of Child Language, 2019
Metaphor development in conjunction with verbal intelligence and linguistic competence in middle childhood and at the transition to early adolescence was investigated. 298 individuals between seven and ten years (chronological age) who attended grades two-four (mental age) were tested for metaphor processing by the Metaphoric Triads Task, for…
Descriptors: Verbal Ability, Linguistic Competence, Language Processing, Prediction
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Mazurek, Micah O.; Lu, Frances; Macklin, Eric A.; Handen, Benjamin L. – Autism: The International Journal of Research and Practice, 2019
The newest edition of the "Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" (5th ed., DSM-5) introduced substantial changes to the diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder, including new severity level ratings for social communication and restricted and repetitive behavior domains. The purpose of this study was to evaluate…
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
Lappa, Christina; Mantzikos, Constantinos – Online Submission, 2019
Few studies have been conducted in Greece, which focus on the education of children with multiple disabilities (motor and intellectual disabilities, ID). Four children between the ages 9 and 15 with multiple disabilities (motor and ID) were selected to be taught social skills. The aim of this qualitative study was to provide training with regard…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Interpersonal Competence, Small Group Instruction, Children
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Cornu, Véronique; Schiltz, Christine; Pazouki, Tahereh; Martin, Romain – Applied Developmental Science, 2019
Visuo-spatial training is considered a promising approach to provide young children with a sound foundation for later mathematical learning. We developed and implemented a tablet-based visuo-spatial intervention in kindergarten classrooms aiming to foster the development of children's visuo-spatial and numerical abilities. A sample of N = 125…
Descriptors: Visual Perception, Spatial Ability, Training, Young Children
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Inge, Zweers; Bijstra, Jan O.; de Castro, Bram Orobio; Tick, Nouchka T.; van de Schoot, Rens A. G. J. – School Psychology Review, 2019
This study examined which factors were related to placement choices for inclusive regular education or exclusive special education for Dutch students with social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties (SEBD). Students aged 6-11 in three subgroups participated: 45 included and 17 excluded students with SEBD (i.e., educated in regular education…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Special Education, Inclusion, Regular and Special Education Relationship
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Bosma, Evelyn; Blom, Elma; Hoekstra, Eric; Versloot, Arjen – International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 2019
This longitudinal study investigated to what extent the acquisition of cognates among bilingual children depends on the degree of cross-language similarity and intensity of exposure to the tested language, and whether children's sensitivity to cognates with different degrees of cross-language similarity changes over time. For three consecutive…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Indo European Languages, Contrastive Linguistics, Second Language Learning
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Styck, Kara M.; Aman, Miriam S.; Watkins, Marley W. – Contemporary School Psychology, 2019
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are hypothesized to exhibit relative strengths in verbal and non-verbal reasoning and weaknesses in working memory and speed of information processing. The purpose of the present investigation was to determine the degree to which this cognitive profile as measured by the Wechsler Intelligence Scale…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Children, Adolescents, Autism
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