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Burdett, John M. – ProQuest LLC, 2009
The purpose of this study was to examine data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: Kindergarten Class of 1998-99 (ECLS-K) report, identify questions and statements that correlate to the dimensions of professional learning communities (PLCs), and determine the effect PLCs have on student achievement based on the ECLS-K data. In addition,…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Academic Achievement, Kindergarten, Grade 5
Fizer, Selena E. – ProQuest LLC, 2009
The number of English language learners (ELL) across public schools in the United States continues to rise (Brice & Roseberry-McKibbin, 2006). However, teacher preparation for these students is not growing (McKeon, 2005). This quantitative study explored the relationship between teacher professional development and literacy achievement of…
Descriptors: Second Language Learning, Kindergarten, Faculty Development, English (Second Language)
Reback, Randall; Rockoff, Jonah E.; Schwartz, Heather L. – National Center on Performance Incentives, 2009
Under the "No Child Left Behind Act" (NCLB), in theory, schools on the margin for meeting AYP face strong short-term incentives to increase students' pass rates on specific exams, and may change their behavior accordingly. Using a comprehensive, national, school-level data set concerning schools' AYP status, student characteristics, and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Student Characteristics, Academic Aptitude, Educational Strategies
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Halvorsen, Anne-Lise; Lee, Valerie E.; Andrade, Fernando H. – Urban Education, 2009
This multimethod study investigates the attitudes teachers in urban and low-income schools have about teaching early elementary students. The authors examine the contextual characteristics of elementary schools where such teachers are willing to take responsibility for children's learning. The quantitative analyses focus on a subsample of students…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Kindergarten, Teacher Attitudes, Evaluation Methods
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Turney, Kristin; Kao, Grace – Journal of Educational Research, 2009
Parental involvement at school offers unique opportunities for parents, and this school-based involvement has important implications for children's academic and behavioral outcomes. The authors used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (National Center for Education Statistics, 2001) to examine race and immigrant…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Parent School Relationship, Language Aptitude, Immigrants
Rose, Jason – ProQuest LLC, 2009
This research examined the influence of teacher gender and teacher gender-related characteristics on student reading achievement during the kindergarten year. Using a nationally representative sample of male and female kindergarten teachers and their students collected as part of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of…
Descriptors: Males, Early Childhood Education, Reading Achievement, Teacher Qualifications
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Condron, Dennis J. – American Sociological Review, 2009
As social and economic stratification between black and white Americans persists at the dawn of the twenty-first century, disparities in educational outcomes remain an especially formidable barrier. Recent research on the black/white achievement gap points to a perplexing pattern in this regard. Schools appear to exacerbate black/white disparities…
Descriptors: Social Class, Racial Segregation, Low Achievement, Academic Achievement
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Joe, Emanique M.; Davis, James Earl – Journal of Negro Education, 2009
This study examined the relationship between parental influence and the school readiness of African American boys, using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: ECLS-K, Parents' influence, via their academic beliefs and behaviors, was associated with the cognitive performance of African American boys during kindergarten. While previous…
Descriptors: African American Students, School Readiness, Mathematics Achievement, Parent Participation
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Brown, Tony N.; Tanner-Smith, Emily E.; Lesane-Brown, Chase L. – Journal of Negro Education, 2009
This study examined the link between family ethnic/race socialization and Black kindergarteners' and first graders' academic performance as measured by their general knowledge, math, and reading assessment scores. Drawing on identity theory, the authors predicted that repeated instances of family ethnic/race socialization would increase academic…
Descriptors: African American Students, Socialization, Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness
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Reardon, Sean F.; Galindo, Claudia – American Educational Research Journal, 2009
This article describes the developmental patterns of Hispanic-White math and reading achievement gaps in elementary school, paying attention to variation in these patterns among Hispanic subgroups. Compared to non-Hispanic White students, Hispanic students enter kindergarten with much lower average math and reading skills. The gaps narrow by…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Achievement Gains, Reading Skills, Language Skills
Zane, Linda M. – ProQuest LLC, 2009
It can be argued that the current Black-White achievement gap provides evidence for a long-standing history of racial inequity within American society, as well as an informative barometer of progress toward educational parity. By all accounts, the measurements registered by this barometer continue to be cause for alarm. The disturbing Black-White…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Achievement Gap, African American Students, White Students
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Davis-Kean, Pamela E.; Sexton, Holly R. – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2009
Using data from a national multiethnic, longitudinal study of children, this study examined the process of how parents' educational attainment is related to children's achievement through the beliefs and behaviors of parents and how this influence varies by race/ethnicity. Measures of socioeconomic status, parental expectations for educational…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Structural Equation Models, Educational Attainment, Achievement Need
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Hong, Guanglei; Hong, Yihua – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2009
A kindergartner's opportunities to develop reading and language arts skills are constrained by the amount of time allocated to reading instruction. In the meantime, the student's engagement in learning tasks may increase if the instruction has been adapted to his or her prior ability through homogeneous grouping. This study investigates whether…
Descriptors: Homogeneous Grouping, Kindergarten, Inferences, Reading Instruction
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Yeung, Ryan – Educational Policy, 2009
One of the most common proposals put forth for reform of the American system of education is to require school uniforms. Proponents argue that uniforms can make schools safer and also improve school attendance and increase student achievement. Opponents contend that uniforms have not been proven to work and may be an infringement on the freedom of…
Descriptors: Freedom of Speech, Academic Achievement, Attendance, School Uniforms
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Chang, Mido; Kim, Sunha – Journal of Educational Computing Research, 2009
This study examined the effects of computer access and computer use on the science achievement of elementary school students, with focused attention on the effects for racial and linguistic minority students. The study used the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study (ECLS-K) database and conducted statistical analyses with proper weights and…
Descriptors: Language Minorities, Elementary School Students, African American Students, Racial Differences
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