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Marsh, Herbert W.; Pekrun, Reinhard; Murayama, Kou; Arens, A. Katrin; Parker, Philip D.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Our newly proposed integrated academic self-concept model integrates 3 major theories of academic self-concept formation and developmental perspectives into a unified conceptual and methodological framework. Relations among math self-concept (MSC), school grades, test scores, and school-level contextual effects over 6 years, from the end of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills
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Burnel, Morgane; Perrone-Bertolotti, Marcela; Reboul, Anne; Baciu, Monica; Durrleman, Stephanie – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The goal of the current study was to statistically evaluate the reliable scalability of a set of tasks designed to assess Theory of Mind (ToM) without language as a confounding variable. This tool might be useful to study ToM in populations where language is impaired or to study links between language and ToM. Low verbal versions of the ToM tasks…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Statistical Analysis, Correlation, Task Analysis
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Rae, James R.; Olson, Kristina R. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The Implicit Association Test (IAT) is increasingly used in developmental research despite minimal evidence of whether children's IAT scores are reliable across time or predictive of behavior. When test-retest reliability and predictive validity have been assessed, the results have been mixed, and because these studies have differed on many…
Descriptors: Pretests Posttests, Test Reliability, Predictive Validity, Association Measures
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Weaver, Jennifer M.; Schofield, Thomas J.; Papp, Lauren M. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The current study represents the first longitudinal investigation of the potential effects of breastfeeding duration on maternal sensitivity over the following decade. This study also examined whether infant attachment security at 24 months would mediate longitudinal relations between breastfeeding duration and changes in maternal sensitivity over…
Descriptors: Mothers, Infants, Nutrition, Longitudinal Studies
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Berry, Ed D. J.; Waterman, Amanda H.; Baddeley, Alan D.; Hitch, Graham J.; Allen, Richard J. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Recent research has demonstrated that, when instructed to prioritize a serial position in visual working memory (WM), adults are able to boost performance for this selected item, at a cost to nonprioritized items (e.g., Hu, Hitch, Baddeley, Zhang, & Allen, 2014). While executive control appears to play an important role in this ability, the…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Visual Perception, Children, Individual Differences
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Coyne, Sarah M.; Padilla-Walker, Laura M.; Holmgren, Hailey G.; Davis, Emilie J.; Collier, Kevin M.; Memmott-Elison, Madison K.; Hawkins, Alan J. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Studies examining the effects of exposure to prosocial media on positive outcomes are increasing in number and strength. However, existing meta-analyses use a broad definition of prosocial media that does not recognize the multidimensionality of prosocial behavior. The aim of the current study is to conduct a meta-analysis on the effects of…
Descriptors: Prosocial Behavior, Aggression, Empathy, Mass Media Effects
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Gonzales-Backen, Melinda A.; Meca, Alan; Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I.; Des Rosiers, Sabrina E.; Córdova, David; Soto, Daniel W.; Cano, Miguel Ángel; Oshri, Assaf; Zamboanga, Byron L.; Baezconde-Garbanati, Lourdes; Schwartz, Seth J.; Szapocznik, José; Unger, Jennifer B. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Ethnic identity formation is a central developmental task that can become challenging when adolescents face a salient stressor, such as ethnic discrimination. Although ethnic identity and experiences with ethnic discrimination are thought to be associated, the temporal order of these constructs is unclear. In the current study, we examined (a) the…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Identification (Psychology), Hispanic Americans, Adolescents
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Christodoulou, Joan; Leland, David S.; Moore, David S. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Although looking-time methods have long been used to measure infant attention and investigate aspects of cognitive development, steady-state visually evoked potential (SSVEP) measures may be more sensitive or practical in some contexts. Here, we demonstrate habituation of infants' SSVEP amplitudes to a flickering checkerboard stimulus, and…
Descriptors: Infants, Diagnostic Tests, Attention, Cognitive Development
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Wass, Sam V.; de Barbaro, Kaya; Clackson, Kaili; Leong, Victoria – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Previous research is inconsistent as to whether a more labile (faster-changing) autonomic system confers performance advantages, or disadvantages, in infants and children. To examine this, we presented a stimulus battery consisting of mixed static and dynamic viewing materials to a cohort of 63 typical 12-month-old infants. While viewing the…
Descriptors: Infants, Attention, Anxiety, Attention Span
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Eason, Arianne E.; Doctor, Daniel; Chang, Ellen; Kushnir, Tamar; Sommerville, Jessica A. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Our social world is rich with information about other people's choices, which subsequently inform our inferences about their future behavior. For individuals socialized within the American cultural context, which places a high value on autonomy and independence, outcomes that are the result of an agent's own choices may hold more predictive value…
Descriptors: Infants, Expectation, Behavior, Individual Differences
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Kragness, Haley E.; Trainor, Laurel J. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Proper segmentation of auditory streams is essential for understanding music. Many cues, including meter, melodic contour, and harmony, influence adults' perception of musical phrase boundaries. To date, no studies have examined young children's musical grouping in a production task. We used a musical self-pacing method to investigate (1) whether…
Descriptors: Young Children, Music, Listening, Pacing
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Atance, Cristina M.; Caza, Julian S. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
An important aspect of perspective-taking ability is the appreciation that mental states such as beliefs, desires, and knowledge change over time. The current study focused specifically on 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds' understanding that they will have knowledge in the future that they do not currently possess--for example, that when they are…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Evaluative Thinking, Knowledge Level, Change
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Moffett, Lillie; Moll, Henrike; FitzGibbon, Lily – Developmental Psychology, 2018
The capacity to plan ahead and provide the means for future ends is an important part of human practical reasoning. When this capacity develops in ontogeny is the matter of an ongoing debate. In this study, 4- and 5-year-olds performed a future planning task in which they had to create the means (a picture of a particular object, e.g., a banana)…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Long Range Planning, Logical Thinking, Age Differences
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Posid, Tasha; Cordes, Sara – Developmental Psychology, 2018
While much research has focused on understanding the process by which young children learn to count, little work has explored the effects of direct instruction on this process. In the current study, we explored the impacts of training children in an explicit counting procedure on two distinct cardinality tasks. Two- to 5-year-old children first…
Descriptors: Computation, Direct Instruction, Young Children, Instructional Effectiveness
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Palermo, Francisco; Ispa, Jean M.; Carlo, Gustavo; Streit, Cara – Developmental Psychology, 2018
We tested a culturally integrative model examining the associations among economic hardship during infancy and Latino children's later sociobehavioral problems and academic skills prior to kindergarten entry, whether mothers' mental health problems and positive parenting behaviors mediated those associations, and whether they varied by mothers'…
Descriptors: Infants, Economically Disadvantaged, Preschool Children, Hispanic Americans
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