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Freedman, Stephen; Mitchell, Marisa; Navarro, David – 1999
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 replaced Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) with block grants to states, called Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). Consistent with TANF's philosophy and goals, Los Angeles Jobs-First GAIN (Greater Avenues for Independence) emphasized job search…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Programs, Economically Disadvantaged, Employment Patterns
Stephens, S. A.; Wolf, Wendy C.; Batten, Susan T. – 1999
This policy paper addresses how to strengthen school-based efforts for adolescent parents and their children so that they can be more effective in meeting the needs and improving the outcomes of these young families. Based on the experience and lessons of a 6-year effort, the Initiative to Strengthen School-Based Programs for Adolescent Parents…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Delivery Systems, Early Parenthood, High Schools
Batten, Susan; Koenig, Stephanie L. – 1999
Under the 1996 federal welfare law, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), an unmarried minor parent with a child generally cannot receive federal welfare assistance unless she is living with her family or in some type of adult-supervised arrangement. Exemptions are available and states have flexibility in designing their policies and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Welfare, Early Parenthood, Federal Legislation
DeBell, Megan; Yi, Hsiao-Ye; Hartmann, Heidi – 1997
In order to predict the earnings of single mothers under the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) program and the success of welfare reform in reducing poverty, a study was conducted of single mothers' work behavior, welfare receipt, and other sources of income. Data were generated from the U.S. Census Bureau's Survey of Income and…
Descriptors: Adults, Employment Patterns, Federal Legislation, Low Income
Savner, Steve; Greenberg, Mark – 1997
Under Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), states face steadily increasing work participation requirements. The TANF structure presents one new option: the ability to use TANF funds for community service employment in wage-paying, publicly funded jobs designed to provide work for individuals and to address unmet community needs. A…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adults, Community Services, Economically Disadvantaged
Clhild Care Action Campaign Issue Brief, 1997
The recent overhaul of the federal welfare system gives states new flexibility to set child care policies, develop child care programs, and fund new initiatives. The Child Care Action Campaign (CCAC) conducted an audioconference on July 31, 1997, to examine key elements of new state plans and to take a close look at how one state, Illinois, made…
Descriptors: Day Care, Financial Support, Policy Formation, Program Descriptions
Blank, Helen – 1997
Drawing on the major implications for the future of child care across the country due to recent welfare reform, this report examines the many options that policymakers may consider and presents recommendations for policy choices that address both workforce development and child development issues. Key child care issues related to implementing the…
Descriptors: Child Advocacy, Children, Day Care, Day Care Centers
Western Illinois Univ., Macomb. – 1997
This 60-minute videotape presents a panel discussion involving four individuals: executive director of a state literacy resource development center; district manager of a major corporation; policy analyst for the National Adult Education Professional Development Consortium; and executive director an office of De Pauw University's Division of…
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Education, Curriculum Development, Delivery Systems
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Johnson, Joy L. – Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 1998
Considers the impact of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act and Virginia's initiative for welfare reform on poor families with disabilities. Suggests accommodations are necessary for fair implementation of the reforms. (SK)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Females, Poverty, State Programs
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Shanley, James – Tribal College, 1997
Discusses the effects of welfare reform on American Indian families and college students. Contends that, under the new federal welfare program, tribes that choose to administer welfare will lose matching funds from state governments, resulting in a 30-50% loss of welfare benefits for eligible recipients. (JDI)
Descriptors: American Indians, College Students, Community Colleges, Federal Indian Relationship
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Shanley, James – Tribal College, 1997
Advocates welfare reform due to unrealistic expectations placed on tribal colleges by the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families Program. (YKH)
Descriptors: American Indian Education, American Indians, Disadvantaged Youth, Federal Aid
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Parker, Delores – Community College Journal, 1997
Discusses the challenges that the federally-mandated shift from the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program to Temporary Assistance to Needy Families program poses for community colleges. Describes efforts undertaken by the W. K. Kellogg Foundation to help states and communities manage the shift. (AJL)
Descriptors: Change Strategies, College Role, Community Colleges, Disadvantaged
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Sparks, Barbara – New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education, 1999
Critical issues facing adult literacy practitioners include (1) competing perspectives about education vs. jobs; (2) ideological dilemmas about the individual vs. social change philosophy and adult learners' values; (3) educational dilemmas about program goals and purposes under welfare reform; and (4) ethical dilemmas. (SK)
Descriptors: Adult Basic Education, Adult Literacy, Educational Philosophy, Ethics
Bergsten, Martha C.; Steketee, Martha Wade – 1999
This Kids Count report examines statewide trends in the well-being of Pennsylvania's children. The statistical portrait is based on trends in 17 indicators of child well being: (1) birth weight; (2) early prenatal care; (3) infant mortality; (4) substantiated cases of child abuse or neglect; (5) out-of-home placements; (6) delinquent children…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Birth Weight, Births to Single Women, Child Abuse
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Gnezda, M. Therese – Young Children, 1996
Examines stresses on the early childhood service system due to the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996. Discusses elimination of Aid to Families with Dependent Children; creation of state block grants, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, and Child Care and Development Fund; and restructuring of the Child…
Descriptors: Block Grants, Child Advocacy, Child Caregivers, Child Welfare
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