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Imperatore, Catherine; Hyslop, Alisha – Peabody Journal of Education, 2017
Federal legislation has driven and been receptive to the vision of a rigorous, relevant career and technical education (CTE) system integrated with academics and aligned across middle school, secondary school, and postsecondary education. This article uses a social policy analysis approach to trace the history of federal CTE policy throughout the…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Policy, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2015
The 2013 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 49th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The Digest has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Dropouts, Educational Finance
Bloom, Dan – MDRC, 2010
The budget for the U.S. Department of Labor for Fiscal Year 2010 includes a total of $45 million to support and study transitional jobs. This paper describes the origins of the transitional jobs models that are operating today, reviews the evidence on the effectiveness of this approach and other subsidized employment models, and offers some…
Descriptors: Employment Services, Welfare Services, Supported Employment, Employment Programs
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Laukaitis, John J. – American Educational History Journal, 2009
American Indian organizations in Chicago grew both in size and number during the 1970s. The lasting impact of War on Poverty programs and the passing of the Indian Education Act of 1972 and the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act of 1973 served as significant factors for the development of these organizations. Alternative American Indian…
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Employment, Poverty, Needs Assessment
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Peck, Laura R.; Camillo, Furio; D'Attoma, Ida – Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation, 2009
This article presents a creative and practical process for dealing with the problem of selection bias. Taking an algorithmic approach and capitalizing on the known treatment-associated variance in the X matrix, we propose a data transformation that allows estimating unbiased treatment effects. The approach does not call for modelling the data,…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Intervention, Experiments, Comparative Analysis
Job Corps, 2008
This paper presents the recommendations made by the Advisory Committee on Job Corps to the Secretary of Labor pertaining to the review, development and implementation of policies, legislation and regulations for the Job Corps program. This document represents the culmination of an intensive and comprehensive nine-month process undertaken by the…
Descriptors: Job Training, Labor, Federal Programs, Program Effectiveness
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Lewis, Karla C. – School Community Journal, 2004
Are instructional aides colleagues of teachers, bridges to the school community, both, or neither? This study addresses this question by asking instructional aides about their relationships with teachers and parents and about their status in schools, and suggestions are made to create stronger bonds among these partners in education. This paper…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Educational Media, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Partnerships in Education
Sum, Andrew; Mangum, Garth; Taggart, Robert – 2002
Although young people across the United States have suffered disproportionately in the recent recession, the economic and social effects of high levels of youth unemployment have received only scant media and political attention and few state or federal dollars. Analyses of successful youth and young adult programs identified seven core principles…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Career Ladders, Employment Opportunities, Employment Patterns
Plein, L. Christopher – 2001
Structured work and training activities for welfare recipients in West Virginia began in 1962 when the state's entire caseload of two-parent families receiving Aid to Families with Dependent Children was enrolled in mandatory work and training activities. In 1980s-1990s, the Community Work Experience Program became an important tool in…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Compliance (Legal), Economic Climate, Economic Opportunities
Mangum, Garth – 2001
In the middle of the 20th century, job training was largely unnecessary, since workers were desperately needed to labor in manufacturing and construction jobs. Skills were learned on the job, and even a high school diploma was not needed for most occupations. Workers received wages that allowed them to raise a family comfortably and then to retire…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Adult Basic Education, Costs, Demand Occupations
Mangum, Garth, Ed.; Mangum, Stephen, Ed. – 1996
This book contains 17 social policy essays on various topics related to labor and full employment policies in the United States. The following papers are included: "Introduction" (Stephen Mangum); "Secular Rabbi: The Life and Times of Sar A. Levitan" (Garth Mangum); "Young Workers, Young Families, and Child Poverty"…
Descriptors: Accountability, Adult Education, At Risk Persons, Block Grants
Simms, Margaret C. – 1989
Several social objectives influence government sponsorship of employment programs: (1) training for mobility to reduce disruptions caused by change; and (2) increasing skill levels to increase productivity. Evaluation of program effectiveness considers whether the program served its target groups, what activities were provided, and what the…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Disadvantaged, Eligibility
Smith, Thomas J. – 1993
For 30 years, the following programming strategies have become the backbone of public policy regarding youth employment: work experience, labor market preparation, job placement, on-the-job training, and occupational training. Three sources were used to analyze the effects of these core employment strategies on youth: a 1985 comprehensive study of…
Descriptors: Career Education, Change Strategies, Educational Change, Educational Research
Leigh, Duane E. – 1994
The federal government's experience with adult retraining programs began in 1962 with the passage of the Manpower Development and Training Act and creation of the Trade Adjustment Assistance program. When the 1973 Comprehensive Employment and Training Act expired in 1982, Congress enacted the Job Training Partnership Act. During the 1980s, states…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Adult Programs, Demonstration Programs, Dislocated Workers
Bailis, Lawrence Neil – 1984
A study examined Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) coordination and program activities for fiscal year 1983. To gather data for the study, researchers reviewed literature on the delivery of CETA services, compared these delivery practices with delivery strategies employed in such CETA predecessors as the Manpower Training and…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Delivery Systems, Educational Legislation, Educational Policy
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