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Grasby, Katrina L.; Coventry, William L.; Byrne, Brian; Olson, Richard K. – Child Development, 2019
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been found to moderate the influence of genes and the environment on cognitive ability, such that genetic influence is greater when SES is higher, and the shared environment is greater when SES is lower, but not in all Western countries. The effects of both family and school SES on the heritability of literacy and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Literacy, Numeracy, Foreign Countries
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Kikas, Eve; Tang, Xin – European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2019
This study examined relations between child-reported teacher emotional support, teaching practices, and children's task-persistent learning behaviour. The study was carried out in Estonia, where a students' first teacher advances with his/her students and teaches all primary subjects in the first 3 years of schooling. In total, 660 sixth-grade…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Persistence, Student Behavior, Elementary School Students
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Santiago-Lugo, Schecyl M.; Hopple, Christine – Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 2019
Golf develops physical skills, provides opportunities for recreation and socialization, and is a lifelong physical activity -- making it a worthwhile addition to any physical education curriculum. This article provides information on how a three-day golf unit can be implemented with students in grades 2 and 3.
Descriptors: Athletics, Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Grade 3
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Adelmund, Donna; Uhlenberg, Jill – Science and Children, 2019
Fidget spinners have become a fixation among school children and adults. Pappas (2017) hails spinners as both a boon to stress relief and a constraint on the ability to focus in persons with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) or autism. Spinners can be a distraction in school classrooms, to the point that many schools have banned…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Autism
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Holub, Jordan; Kruse, Jerrid; Menke, Lucas – Science and Children, 2019
In this article, the authors focus on students constructing observations of patterns to understand how surfaces affect the motion of an object. Students will use the patterns they observe to predict future motion of marbles (NGSS Lead States 2013). Students then apply their learning by engaging in an engineering task. By giving students a task to…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Teaching Methods, Motion, Physics
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Hsin, Ching-Ting; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Hsu, Chung-Yuan; Shih, Meilun; Sheu, Feng-Ru; Tsai, Chin-Chung – Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 2019
This cross-sectional research was conducted to probe how 626 Taiwanese children's conceptions of learning differ by age and gender via drawing. Participants were from the kindergarten, the first grade, and the third grade. A coding scheme categorizing the people, learning domain, and place in the drawings was developed. Chi-square tests were then…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Age Differences, Gender Differences, Kindergarten
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Mercer, Sterett H.; Keller-Margulis, Milena A.; Faith, Erin L.; Reid, Erin K.; Ochs, Sarah – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
Written-expression curriculum-based measurement (WE-CBM) is used for screening and progress monitoring students with or at risk of learning disabilities (LD) for academic supports; however, WE-CBM has limitations in technical adequacy, construct representation, and scoring feasibility as grade-level increases. The purpose of this study was to…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Kong, Jennifer E.; Swanson, H. Lee – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2019
English learners (ELs) experience difficulty with mathematical problem solving because word problems require complex processes beyond basic math skills, such as the use of linguistic information, identifying relevant information, and constructing the appropriate problem statement. This study used a combined multiple baseline design and criterion…
Descriptors: Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, English Language Learners, Difficulty Level
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Finch, Jenna E.; Garcia, Elisa B.; Sulik, Michael J.; Obradovic, Jelena – AERA Open, 2019
Students' executive functions (EFs) are linked to school success. Although school-age children spend much of their time interacting with peers, few studies have explored how children's classmates may promote EF development in elementary school. In this study, we test whether mean levels and variability in classmates' EF skills are associated with…
Descriptors: Peer Groups, Peer Relationship, Classes (Groups of Students), Executive Function
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Codding, Robin S.; Volpe, Robert J.; Martin, Ryan J.; Krebs, Genevieve – School Psychology Review, 2019
The number of opportunities to respond (OTR) and spacing (massed or distributed practice) of practice sessions are important variables to consider in instructional design. The purpose of this pilot study was to compare the impact of these variables on trajectories of mathematics fluency. Second- and third-grade students (N = 112) were randomly…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Concepts, Comparative Analysis, Mathematics Skills
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Svensson, Idor; Fälth, Linda; Tjus, Tomas; Heimann, Mikael; Gustafson, Stefan – Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, 2019
The main aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a tier three intervention, response-to-intervention design, on children with low reading ability in grade three. Twenty-eight children (12 females and 16 males) participated in this study. The participants were given out a battery of reading tests including decoding and reading…
Descriptors: Children, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Response to Intervention
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Lemonidis, Charalambos; Kaiafa, Ioanna – Journal of Education and Learning, 2019
Research findings in the field of Mathematics Education emphasize that storytelling is an effective instructional tool in the teaching of mathematics, as it provides a meaningful context that attracts students' interest and makes learning a pleasant process. The use of stories and fairy tales in the teaching of mathematics motivates students to…
Descriptors: Story Telling, Mathematics Instruction, Fractions, Instructional Effectiveness
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Wilson, Travis M.; Jamison, Rhonda – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2019
Peer nominations and teacher ratings were used to examine age and sex differences in behaviors associated with perceived coolness during middle childhood. Participants were 470 students in Grades 1, 3, and 5. Participants nominated peers whom they perceived as cool; separate scores were calculated for samesex coolness and cross-sex coolness (i.e.,…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Age Differences, Student Behavior, Elementary School Students
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Giusto, Michelle; Ehri, Linnea C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
This experiment examined whether a partial read-aloud accommodation with pacing (PRAP) would improve the reading comprehension of poor decoders but not average decoders compared to standard testing procedures. Participants were 82 third graders with at least average listening comprehension skills: 28 were poor decoders, and 54 were average…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Tests, Testing Accommodations
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Kulkarni, Tara; Sullivan, Amanda L. – Psychology in the Schools, 2019
Recent studies report the cumulative prevalence of behavioral disorders among school-age children to be second only to anxiety disorders. Unfortunately, by the time behavior has been identified as needing special education services, patterns of disruptive and externalizing behavior have often become unremitting. If at-risk behavior can be reliably…
Descriptors: Correlation, Elementary School Students, Behavior Problems, Kindergarten
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