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Child Development6514
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Leuschner, Vincenz; Fiedler, Nora; Schultze, Martin; Ahlig, Nadine; Göbel, Kristin; Sommer, Friederike; Scholl, Johanna; Cornell, Dewey; Scheithauer, Herbert – Child Development, 2017
The standardized, indicated school-based prevention program "Networks Against School Shootings" combines a threat assessment approach with a general model of prevention of emergency situations in schools through early intervention in student psychosocial crises and training teachers to recognize warning signs of targeted school violence.…
Descriptors: Prevention, Violence, Early Intervention, School Activities
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Dodge, Kenneth A.; Bai, Yu; Ladd, Helen F.; Muschkin, Clara G. – Child Development, 2017
North Carolina's Smart Start and More at Four (MAF) early childhood programs were evaluated through the end of elementary school (age 11) by estimating the impact of state funding allocations to programs in each of 100 counties across 13 consecutive years on outcomes for all children in each county-year group (n = 1,004,571; 49% female; 61%…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Educational Policy, Outcomes of Education, Elementary School Students
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Brandone, Amanda C. – Child Development, 2017
Effective category-based induction requires understanding that categories include both fundamental similarities between members and important variation. This article explores 4- to 11-year-olds' (n = 207) and adults' (n = 49) intuitions about this balance between within-category homogeneity and variability using a novel induction task in which…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Change, Classification, Logical Thinking
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Ahl, Richard E.; Keil, Frank C. – Child Development, 2017
Four studies explored the abilities of 80 adults and 180 children (4-9 years), from predominantly middle-class families in the Northeastern United States, to use information about machines' observable functional capacities to infer their internal, "hidden" mechanistic complexity. Children as young as 4 and 5 years old used machines'…
Descriptors: Information Utilization, Adults, Children, Middle Class
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Milward, Sophie J.; Kita, Sotaro; Apperly, Ian A. – Child Development, 2017
Previous research has shown that children aged 4-5 years, but not 2-3 years, show adult-like interference from a partner when performing a joint task (Milward, Kita, & Apperly, 2014). This raises questions about the cognitive skills involved in the development of such "corepresentation (CR)" of a partner (Sebanz, Knoblich, &…
Descriptors: Individual Differences, Children, Theory of Mind, Inhibition
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Whiteside, Katie E.; Gooch, Debbie; Norbury, Courtenay F. – Child Development, 2017
Children learning English as an additional language (EAL) often experience lower academic attainment than monolingual peers. In this study, teachers provided ratings of English language proficiency and social, emotional, and behavioral functioning for 782 children with EAL and 6,485 monolingual children in reception year (ages 4-5). Academic…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Language Proficiency, English (Second Language), Monolingualism
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Crnic, Keith A.; Neece, Cameron L.; McIntyre, Laura Lee; Blacher, Jan; Baker, Bruce L. – Child Development, 2017
Initial intervention processes for children with intellectual disabilities (IDs) largely focused on direct efforts to impact core cognitive and academic deficits associated with the diagnosis. Recent research on risk processes in families of children with ID, however, has influenced new developmental system approaches to early intervention. Recent…
Descriptors: Intellectual Disability, Risk, Parenting Skills, Metacognition
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Geurten, Marie; Lloyd, Marianne; Willems, Sylvie – Child Development, 2017
Previous research has suggested that fluency does not influence memory decisions until ages 7-8. In two experiments (n = 96 and n = 64, respectively), children, aged 4, 6, and 8 years (Experiments 1 and 2), and adults (Experiment 2) studied a list of pictures. Participants completed a recognition test during which each study item was preceded by a…
Descriptors: Language Fluency, Young Children, Children, Memory
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Benner, Aprile D.; Wang, Yijie – Child Development, 2017
There is an extensive body of work documenting the negative socioemotional and academic consequences of perceiving racial/ethnic discrimination during adolescence, but little is known about how the larger peer context conditions such effects. Using peer network data from 252 eighth graders (85% Latino, 11% African American, 5% other…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Well Being, Ethnicity, Race
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Domitrovich, Celene E.; Durlak, Joseph A.; Staley, Katharine C.; Weissberg, Roger P. – Child Development, 2017
Social-emotional competence is a critical factor to target with universal preventive interventions that are conducted in schools because the construct (a) associates with social, behavioral, and academic outcomes that are important for healthy development; (b) predicts important life outcomes in adulthood; (c) can be improved with feasible and…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Screening Tests, Intervention
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Rambaran, J. Ashwin; Hopmeyer, Andrea; Schwartz, David; Steglich, Christian; Badaly, Daryaneh; Veenstra, René – Child Development, 2017
In this study, the associations between peer effects and academic functioning in middle adolescence (N = 342; 14-15 years old; 48% male) were investigated longitudinally. Similarity in achievement (grade point averages) and unexplained absences (truancy) was explained by both peer selection and peer influence, net of acceptance, and connectedness.…
Descriptors: Truancy, Correlation, Peer Influence, Friendship
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Lüke, Carina; Grimminger, Angela; Rohlfing, Katharina J.; Liszkowski, Ulf; Ritterfeld, Ute – Child Development, 2017
Early identification of primary language delay is crucial to implement effective prevention programs. Available screening instruments are based on parents' reports and have only insufficient predictive validity. This study employed observational measures of preverbal infants' gestural communication to test its predictive validity for identifying…
Descriptors: Infants, Identification, Language Impairments, Developmental Delays
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Taylor, Rebecca D.; Oberle, Eva; Durlak, Joseph A.; Weissberg, Roger P. – Child Development, 2017
This meta-analysis reviewed 82 school-based, universal social and emotional learning (SEL) interventions involving 97,406 kindergarten to high school students (M[subscript age] = 11.09 years; mean percent low socioeconomic status = 41.1; mean percent students of color = 45.9). Thirty-eight interventions took place outside the United States.…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Social Development, Emotional Development, Intervention
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Smith, Emilie Phillips; Witherspoon, Dawn P.; Osgood, D. Wayne – Child Development, 2017
Positive youth development (PYD) deserves more empirical attention, particularly among children of diverse racial-ethnic backgrounds. Given the need among families for monitoring and supervision during out-of-school time, community-based afterschool is a potentially promotive ecological setting. This study explores the quality of afterschool…
Descriptors: Youth Programs, After School Programs, Elementary School Students, Grade 2
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Jagers, Robert J.; Lozada, Fantasy T.; Rivas-Drake, Deborah; Guillaume, Casta – Child Development, 2017
This study used short-term longitudinal data to examine the contributions of democratic teaching practices (e.g., the Developmental Designs approach) and equitable school climate to civic engagement attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors among 515 Black and Latino middle school students (47.9% male). Concurrent experiences of democratic homeroom and…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Democratic Values, Equal Education, School Culture
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