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Journal of School Health3260
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Shrewsbury, Vanessa A.; Foley, Bridget C.; Flood, Victoria M.; Bonnefin, Amy; Hardy, Louise L.; Venchiarutti, Rebecca L.; Byth, Karen; Shah, Smita – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: School-level socioeconomic status (SES) influences on adolescents' lifestyle behaviors is understudied. We examined how school-level SES and sex influence adolescents' health-related lifestyle behaviors and intentions. Methods: Grade 8 students aged 13-14 years completed an online questionnaire regarding their sociodemographic…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Adolescents, Health Behavior, Life Style
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Rotz, Dana; Goesling, Brian; Manlove, Jennifer; Welti, Kate; Trenholm, Christopher – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Teen Prevention Education Program (PEP) is a school-wide, peer-led comprehensive sexuality education program currently implemented in more than 50 schools across 2 states. Many teen pregnancy prevention researchers and practitioners view peer-led programs as a promising approach for reducing teen pregnancy and associated sexual risk…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Teaching Methods, Sex Education, Sexuality
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Aske, Denise Burke; Chomitz, Virginia Rall; Liu, Xiaodong; Arsenault, Lisa; Bhalotra, Sarita; Acevedo-Garcia, Dolores – Journal of School Health, 2018
Objectives: We examined the longitudinal relationship between cardiovascular fitness (CRF) and academic performance (AP) among students in a diverse public school district. Furthermore, we determined whether the relationship between CRF and AP varied by student sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: This study used data from 2005-2006 to…
Descriptors: Correlation, Body Weight, Socioeconomic Status, Physical Fitness
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Yun, Young Ho; Kim, Yaeji; Sim, Jin A.; Choi, Soo Hyuk; Lim, Cheolil; Kang, Joon-ho – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: The objective of this study was to develop the School Health Score Card (SHSC) and validate its psychometric properties. Methods: The development of the SHSC questionnaire included 3 phases: item generation, construction of domains and items, and field testing with validation. To assess the instrument's reliability and validity, we…
Descriptors: School Health Services, Psychometrics, Test Construction, Test Validity
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Sabharwal, Mallika; Masinter, Lisa; Weaver, Kingsley N. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Barriers to health care service utilization contribute to the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among teens. School-based STI screening programs reach adolescents outside of the clinic-based health care model and schools with school-based health centers (SBHCs) may expedite treatment because of their proximity to the…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Sex Education, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Barriers
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Marsh, Samantha; Jiang, Yannan; Carter, Karen; Wall, Clare – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: While dietary sources of calcium are important for bone health, the intake of milk and milk products decreases as children get older. A free milk in schools program may mitigate this decrease in milk consumption. We evaluated the Fonterra Milk for schools program (a free milk initiative) by determining changes in children's milk…
Descriptors: Food, Foreign Countries, Health Promotion, Nutrition
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Porta, Carolyn M.; Watson, Ryan J.; Doull, Marion; Eisenberg, Marla E.; Grumdahl, Nathan; Saewyc, Elizabeth – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Sexual minority young people have demonstrated higher rates of emotional distress and suicidality in comparison to heterosexual peers. Research to date has not examined trends in these disparities, specifically, whether there have been disparity reductions or increases and how outcomes have differed over time by sex and sexual…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Anxiety Disorders, Minority Group Students, Trend Analysis
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Everett Jones, Sherry; Glick, Sherry – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Schools are particularly vulnerable to pests, but integrated pest management (IPM) can address pest problems. This study describes IPM policies and practices and the extent to which they are associated with school characteristics. Methods: We analyzed data from the 2014 School Health Policies and Practices Study, a nationally…
Descriptors: Animals, Poisoning, Program Implementation, School Policy
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Colquitt, Gavin; Walker, Ashley D.; Alfonso, Moya L.; Olivas, Maria; Ugwu, Bethrand; Dipita, Theophile – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Youth living with disabilities are at risk of experiencing poor health outcomes. Coordinated school health programs have an opportunity to help youth with disabilities and their families through health education, health services, and community engagement. The World Health Organization developed the International Classification of…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Adolescents, Disabilities, School Health Services
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Donnelly, Joseph; Young, Michael – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: More than half of US states have legalized medical marijuana. Several states have also legalized it for recreational use. In spite of states' actions, marijuana remains illegal under federal law. It remains to be seen, however, if the Trump administration will enforce federal law in states that have legalized marijuana. For now, it…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Laws, Drug Therapy, Federal Legislation
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Long, Michael W.; Albright, Glenn; McMillan, Jeremiah; Shockley, Kristen M.; Price, Olga Acosta – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Despite the critical role of educators as gatekeepers for school mental health services, they receive limited training to support student mental health. We report findings from a trial of an online mental health role-play simulation for elementary school teachers on changes in attitudes and self-reported helping behaviors for students…
Descriptors: Mental Health, School Health Services, Role Playing, Elementary School Teachers
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Hunter, Stephen; Leatherdale, Scott T.; Carson, Valerie – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Sedentary behavior is linked to many adverse health outcomes; however, its relationship with academic achievement is less understood. We examined sedentary behavior's impact on academic achievement over 3 years in 4408 adolescents from the COMPASS study. Methods: Sedentary behavior (screen-based: watching/streaming television…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students, Mathematics Achievement, Physical Activity Level
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Grannon, Katherine Y.; Larson, Nicole; Pelletier, Jennifer; O'Connell, Michael J.; Nanney, Marilyn S. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: In this study, we describe state agency strategies to support weight-related policy implementation in schools, and examine the association among state support, obesity prevalence, and strength of state policies governing school nutrition and physical education. Methods: The 2012 School Health Policies and Practices Study describes…
Descriptors: School Policy, Health Promotion, School Districts, State Agencies
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Bartee, Roderick T.; Heelan, Kate A.; Dority, Bree L. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Research is emerging suggesting that fitness not only improves health, but enhances academic achievement in children. Many studies have found the strongest correlation with academic achievement to be aerobic fitness. The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of aerobic fitness and academic ranking on the association between…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Physical Fitness, Exercise Physiology, Grade 2
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Joyce, Jillian M.; Rosenkranz, Richard R.; Rosenkranz, Sara K. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: School lunches must meet National School Lunch Program (NSLP) requirements to receive reimbursement. In this study, we sought to determine whether there are significant differences in nutrient content and nutritional quality between 2 menus meeting NSLP requirements. Methods: A cross-sectional content analysis compared 6 weeks of a…
Descriptors: Nutrition, Case Studies, Content Analysis, Dining Facilities
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