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Child Development6514
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Ramírez-Esparza, Nairán; García-Sierra, Adrián; Kuhl, Patricia K. – Child Development, 2017
This study tested the impact of child-directed language input on language development in Spanish-English bilingual infants (N = 25, 11- and 14-month-olds from the Seattle metropolitan area), across languages and independently for each language, controlling for socioeconomic status. Language input was characterized by social interaction variables,…
Descriptors: Infants, Child Language, Language Acquisition, Bilingualism
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Brown, Eleanor D.; Garnett, Mallory L.; Anderson, Kate E.; Laurenceau, Jean-Philippe – Child Development, 2017
This within-subjects experimental study investigated the influence of the arts on cortisol for economically disadvantaged children. Participants were 310 children, ages 3-5 years, who attended a Head Start preschool and were randomly assigned to participate in different schedules of arts and homeroom classes on different days of the week. Cortisol…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Preschool Education, Economically Disadvantaged, Art Education
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Sandilos, Lia E.; Rimm-Kaufman, Sara E.; Cohen, Julia J. – Child Development, 2017
Theory suggests that African American students benefit from warm and demanding teachers. This study examines the relation between students' perceptions of 634 teachers' warm demander characteristics and achievement growth in fourth and fifth grades (M[subscript student age] = 9-11.5 years). Analyses explored whether relations were moderated by the…
Descriptors: African American Students, Student Attitudes, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Styles
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Margett-Jordan, Tessa; Falcon, Rachael G.; Witherington, David C. – Child Development, 2017
Given limitations in the integrative scope of past research, basic questions about the organization and development of preschoolers' living kinds concept remain open to debate. This study was designed to address past limitations through use of a longitudinal design, extensive stimulus set, and alternate indices of understanding. Thirty-five…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Preschool Children, Biology, Developmental Stages
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Luengo Kanacri, Bernadette P.; Eisenberg, Nancy; Thartori, Eriona; Pastorelli, Concetta; Uribe Tirado, Liliana M.; Gerbino, Maria; Caprara, Gian V. – Child Development, 2017
Bidirectional relations among adolescents' positivity, perceived positive school climate, and prosocial behavior were examined in Colombian youth. Also, the role of a positive school climate in mediating the relation of positivity to prosocial behaviors was tested. Adolescents (N = 151; M[subscript age] of child in Wave 1 = 12.68, SD = 1.06; 58.9%…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Educational Environment, Positive Attitudes, Prosocial Behavior
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Lucas, Amanda J.; Burdett, Emily R. R.; Burgess, Vanessa; Wood, Lara A.; McGuigan, Nicola; Harris, Paul L.; Whiten, Andrew – Child Development, 2017
This study tested the prediction that, with age, children should rely less on familiarity and more on expertise in their selective social learning. Experiment 1 (N = 50) found that 5- to 6-year-olds copied the technique their mother used to extract a prize from a novel puzzle box, in preference to both a stranger and an established expert. This…
Descriptors: Child Development, Parent Child Relationship, Duplication, Familiarity
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Miller, Hilary E.; Vlach, Haley A.; Simmering, Vanessa R. – Child Development, 2017
Prior research has investigated the relation between children's language and spatial cognition by assessing the quantity of children's spatial word production, with limited attention to the context in which children use such words. This study tested whether 4-year-olds children's (N = 41, primarily white middle class) adaptive use of task-relevant…
Descriptors: Language Usage, Spatial Ability, Child Language, Preschool Children
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Bailey, Drew H.; Littlefield, Andrew K. – Child Development, 2017
This study reanalyzes data presented by Ritchie, Bates, and Plomin (2015) who used a cross-lagged monozygotic twin differences design to test whether reading ability caused changes in intelligence. The authors used data from a sample of 1,890 monozygotic twin pairs tested on reading ability and intelligence at five occasions between the ages of 7…
Descriptors: Correlation, Child Development, Intelligence, Developmental Stages
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Haimovitz, Kyla; Dweck, Carol S. – Child Development, 2017
Children's mindsets about intelligence (as a quality they can grow vs. a trait they cannot change) robustly influence their motivation and achievement. How do adults foster "growth mindsets" in children? One might assume that adults act in ways that communicate their own mindsets to children. However, new research shows that many parents…
Descriptors: Child Development, Intelligence, Learning Processes, Learning Motivation
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Zimmermann, Laura; Moser, Alecia; Lee, Herietta; Gerhardstein, Peter; Barr, Rachel – Child Development, 2017
This study examined the effect of a "ghost" demonstration on toddlers' imitation. In the "ghost" condition, virtual pieces moved to make a fish or boat puzzle. Fifty-two 2.5- and 3-year-olds were tested on a touchscreen (no transfer) or with 3D pieces (transfer); children tested with 3D pieces scored above a no demonstration…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Imitation, Computer Assisted Testing, Performance
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Havy, Mélanie; Foroud, Afra; Fais, Laurel; Werker, Janet F. – Child Development, 2017
Visual information influences speech perception in both infants and adults. It is still unknown whether lexical representations are multisensory. To address this question, we exposed 18-month-old infants (n = 32) and adults (n = 32) to new word-object pairings: Participants either heard the acoustic form of the words or saw the talking face in…
Descriptors: Infants, Vocabulary Development, Adults, Speech
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Botting, Nicola; Jones, Anna; Marshall, Chloe; Denmark, Tanya; Atkinson, Joanna; Morgan, Gary – Child Development, 2017
Studies have suggested that language and executive function (EF) are strongly associated. Indeed, the two are difficult to separate, and it is particularly difficult to determine whether one skill is more dependent on the other. Deafness provides a unique opportunity to disentangle these skills because in this case, language difficulties have a…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Language Impairments, Language Tests, Task Analysis
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Yazejian, Noreen; Bryant, Donna M.; Hans, Sydney; Horm, Diane; St. Clair, Lisa; File, Nancy; Burchinal, Margaret – Child Development, 2017
Educare is a birth to age 5 early education program designed to reduce the achievement gap between children from low-income families and their more economically advantaged peers through high-quality center-based programming and strong school-family partnerships. This study randomly assigned 239 children (< 19 months) from low-income families to…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Early Childhood Education, Achievement Gap, Low Income Groups
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Williford, Amanda P.; LoCasale-Crouch, Jennifer; Whittaker, Jessica Vick; DeCoster, Jamie; Hartz, Karyn A.; Carter, Lauren M.; Wolcott, Catherine Sanger; Hatfield, Bridget E. – Child Development, 2017
A randomized controlled trial was used to examine the impact of an attachment-based, teacher-child, dyadic intervention (Banking Time) to improve children's externalizing behavior. Participants included 183 teachers and 470 preschool children (3-4 years of age). Classrooms were randomly assigned to Banking Time, child time, or business as usual…
Descriptors: Randomized Controlled Trials, Attachment Behavior, Teacher Student Relationship, Student Behavior
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Weber, Ann; Fernald, Anne; Diop, Yatma – Child Development, 2017
In some areas of rural Africa, long-standing cultural traditions and beliefs may discourage parents from verbally engaging with their young children. This study assessed the effectiveness of a parenting program designed to encourage verbal engagement between caregivers and infants in Wolof-speaking villages in rural Senegal. Caregivers (n = 443)…
Descriptors: Cultural Traits, Cultural Influences, Infants, Language Acquisition
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