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Child Development6514
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Ellis, Wendy; Zarbatany, Lynne; Chen, Xinyin; Kinal, Megan; Boyko, Lisa – Child Development, 2018
Peer group interactional style was examined as a moderator of the relation between peer group school misconduct and group members' school misconduct. Participants were 705 students (M[subscript age] = 11.59 years, SD = 1.37) in 148 peer groups. Children reported on their school misconduct in fall and spring. In the winter, group members were…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Task Analysis, Group Membership, Hierarchical Linear Modeling
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Sage, Cindy; Burgio, Ernesto – Child Development, 2018
Mobile phones and other wireless devices that produce electromagnetic fields (EMF) and pulsed radiofrequency radiation (RFR) are widely documented to cause potentially harmful health impacts that can be detrimental to young people. New epigenetic studies are profiled in this review to account for some neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral changes…
Descriptors: Child Development, Genetics, Telecommunications, Handheld Devices
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Kurkul, Katelyn E.; Corriveau, Kathleen H. – Child Development, 2018
This study explored differences in caregiver-child interactions following children's information-seeking questions. Naturalistic speech from thirty-seven 4-year-olds and their caregivers was used to explore children's information-seeking questions, the caregiver's response, and children's subsequent follow-up. Half of the families were…
Descriptors: Caregiver Child Relationship, Information Seeking, Questioning Techniques, Child Language
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Law, James; Rush, Robert; King, Tom; Westrupp, Elizabeth; Reilly, Sheena – Child Development, 2018
Oral language development is a key outcome of elementary school, and it is important to identify factors that predict it most effectively. Commonly researchers use ordinary least squares regression with conclusions restricted to average performance conditional on relevant covariates. Quantile regression offers a more sophisticated alternative.…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Family Environment, Intervention, Television Viewing
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McClure, Elisabeth R.; Chentsova-Dutton, Yulia E.; Holochwost, Steven J.; Parrott, W. G.; Barr, Rachel – Child Development, 2018
Although many relatives use video chat to keep in touch with toddlers, key features of adult-toddler interaction like joint visual attention (JVA) may be compromised in this context. In this study, 25 families with a child between 6 and 24 months were observed using video chat at home with geographically separated grandparents. We define two types…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Child Development, Social Development
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Grimes, David Robert; Bishop, Dorothy V. M. – Child Development, 2018
Exposure to nonionizing radiation used in wireless communication remains a contentious topic in the public mind--while the overwhelming scientific evidence to date suggests that microwave and radio frequencies used in modern communications are safe, public apprehension remains considerable. A recent article in "Child Development" has…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Child Development, Radiation, Telecommunications
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Shapka, Jennifer D.; Onditi, Hezron Z.; Collie, Rebecca J.; Lapidot-Lefler, Noam – Child Development, 2018
This study explored cyberbullying and cybervictimization (CBCV), for adolescents aged 11-15 from Tanzania (N = 426) and Canada (N = 592). Measurement invariance and model invariance was found for CBCV. In addition, multigroup structural equation modeling was used to explore several variables: age, gender, average hours online each day, accessing…
Descriptors: Victims, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Foreign Countries
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Casey, Beth M.; Lombardi, Caitlin M.; Thomson, Dana; Nguyen, Hoa Nha; Paz, Melissa; Theriault, Cote A.; Dearing, Eric – Child Development, 2018
The primary goal in this study was to examine maternal support of numerical concepts at 36 months as predictors of math achievement at 4.5 and 6-7 years. Observational measures of mother-child interactions (n = 140) were used to examine type of support for numerical concepts. Maternal support that involved labeling the quantities of sets of…
Descriptors: Number Concepts, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Young Children
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Hardell, Lennart – Child Development, 2018
The use of digital technology has grown rapidly during the last couple of decades. During use, mobile phones and cordless phones emit radiofrequency (RF) radiation. No previous generation has been exposed during childhood and adolescence to this kind of radiation. The brain is the main target organ for RF emissions from the handheld wireless…
Descriptors: Handheld Devices, Telecommunications, Children, Adolescents
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Chor, Elise – Child Development, 2018
One-quarter of the Head Start population has a mother who participated in the program as a child. This study uses experimental Head Start Impact Study (HSIS) data on 3- and 4-year-olds (N = 2,849) to describe multigenerational Head Start families and their program experiences. In sharp contrast to full-sample HSIS findings, Head Start has large,…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Mothers, Social Development
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Bempechat, Janine; Li, Jin; Ronfard, Samuel – Child Development, 2018
This mixed-methods study of urban low-income, English-proficient Chinese American, second-generation 15-year-olds (conducted in 2004; N = 32) examined the relation among the virtue model of learning communicated by parents and adolescents' learning beliefs, self-regulated learning (SRL) behaviors, and academic achievement. Analysis of in-depth…
Descriptors: Chinese Americans, Socialization, Low Income, Metacognition
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Lucca, Kelsey; Wilbourn, Makeba Parramore – Child Development, 2018
Infants' pointing gestures are a critical predictor of early vocabulary size. However, it remains unknown precisely how pointing relates to word learning. The current study addressed this question in a sample of 108 infants, testing one mechanism by which infants' pointing may influence their learning. In Study 1, 18-month-olds, but not…
Descriptors: Infants, Nonverbal Communication, Child Development, Predictor Variables
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van Schaik, Saskia D. M.; Leseman, Paul P. M.; de Haan, Mariëtte – Child Development, 2018
This study examined the value of using a group-centered approach to evaluate process quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC). Is observed support of group processes a different aspect of classroom quality, and does it predict children's collaborative play in ECEC in the Netherlands? In two play situations, 37 teachers and 120 two- to…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Play, Cooperative Learning, Educational Quality
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Sobel, David M.; Letourneau, Susan M. – Child Development, 2018
It is widely believed that exploration is a mechanism for young children's learning. The present investigation examines preschoolers' beliefs about how learning occurs. We asked 3- to 5-year-olds to articulate how characters in a set of stories learned about a new toy. Younger preschoolers were more likely to overemphasize the role of characters'…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Beliefs, Inquiry, Learning Processes
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Ghavami, Negin; Peplau, Letitia Anne – Child Development, 2018
Heterosexual urban middle school students' (N = 1,757) stereotypes about gender typicality, intelligence, and aggression were assessed. Students (M[subscript age] = 12.36 years) rated Facebook-like profiles of peers who varied by gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation. Several hypotheses about how the gender, ethnicity, and sexual orientation…
Descriptors: Urban Youth, Middle School Students, Sexual Orientation, Ethnicity
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