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Showing 1 to 15 of 532 results Save | Export
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Wolf, Sharon; McCoy, Dana Charles – Child Development, 2019
This study examines how parent socioeconomic status (SES) directly and indirectly predicts children's school readiness through pathways of parental investment. Data come from direct assessments with preschool children and surveys with their primary caregivers in Ghana at the start of the 2015-2016 school year (N = 2,137; M[subscript…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Socioeconomic Status, School Readiness, Preschool Children
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Setoh, Peipei; Lee, Kristy J. J.; Zhang, Lijun; Qian, Miao K.; Quinn, Paul C.; Heyman, Gail D.; Lee, Kang – Child Development, 2019
This research investigated the relation between racial categorization and implicit racial bias in majority and minority children. Chinese and Indian 3- to 7-year-olds from Singapore (N = 158) categorized Chinese and Indian faces by race and had their implicit and explicit racial biases measured. Majority Chinese children, but not minority Indian…
Descriptors: Prediction, Racial Bias, Preschool Children, Classification
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Grasby, Katrina L.; Coventry, William L.; Byrne, Brian; Olson, Richard K. – Child Development, 2019
Socioeconomic status (SES) has been found to moderate the influence of genes and the environment on cognitive ability, such that genetic influence is greater when SES is higher, and the shared environment is greater when SES is lower, but not in all Western countries. The effects of both family and school SES on the heritability of literacy and…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Literacy, Numeracy, Foreign Countries
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Wen, Nicole J.; Clegg, Jennifer M.; Legare, Cristine H. – Child Development, 2019
The current study used a novel methodology based on multivocal ethnography to assess the relations between conformity and evaluations of intelligence and good behavior among Western (U.S.) and non-Western (Ni-Vanuatu) children (6- to 11-year-olds) and adolescents (13- to 17-year-olds; N = 256). Previous research has shown that U.S. adults were…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Age Differences, Intelligence, Cultural Differences
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Wente, Adrienne O.; Kimura, Katherine; Walker, Caren M.; Banerjee, Nirajana; Fernández Flecha, María; MacDonald, Bridget; Lucas, Christopher; Gopnik, Alison – Child Development, 2019
Extensive research has explored the ability of young children to learn about the causal structure of the world from patterns of evidence. These studies, however, have been conducted with middle-class samples from North America and Europe. In the present study, low-income Peruvian 4- and 5-year-olds and adults, low-income U.S. 4- and 5-year-olds in…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Low Income, Preschool Children, Adults
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Law, James; Rush, Robert; King, Tom; Westrupp, Elizabeth; Reilly, Sheena – Child Development, 2018
Oral language development is a key outcome of elementary school, and it is important to identify factors that predict it most effectively. Commonly researchers use ordinary least squares regression with conclusions restricted to average performance conditional on relevant covariates. Quantile regression offers a more sophisticated alternative.…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Family Environment, Intervention, Television Viewing
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Shapka, Jennifer D.; Onditi, Hezron Z.; Collie, Rebecca J.; Lapidot-Lefler, Noam – Child Development, 2018
This study explored cyberbullying and cybervictimization (CBCV), for adolescents aged 11-15 from Tanzania (N = 426) and Canada (N = 592). Measurement invariance and model invariance was found for CBCV. In addition, multigroup structural equation modeling was used to explore several variables: age, gender, average hours online each day, accessing…
Descriptors: Victims, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Foreign Countries
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van Schaik, Saskia D. M.; Leseman, Paul P. M.; de Haan, Mariëtte – Child Development, 2018
This study examined the value of using a group-centered approach to evaluate process quality of early childhood education and care (ECEC). Is observed support of group processes a different aspect of classroom quality, and does it predict children's collaborative play in ECEC in the Netherlands? In two play situations, 37 teachers and 120 two- to…
Descriptors: Classroom Observation Techniques, Play, Cooperative Learning, Educational Quality
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DeJesus, Jasmine M.; Hwang, Hyesung G.; Dautel, Jocelyn B.; Kinzler, Katherine D. – Child Development, 2018
Adults implicitly judge people from certain social backgrounds as more "American" than others. This study tests the development of children's reasoning about nationality and social categories. Children across cultures (White and Korean American children in the United States, Korean children in South Korea) judged the nationality of…
Descriptors: North Americans, English, Native Speakers, Child Development
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Larson, Leila M.; Martorell, Reynaldo; Bauer, Patricia J. – Child Development, 2018
Nutrition plays an important role in the development of a child, particularly in low- and middle-income countries where malnutrition is often widespread. The relation between diet, hemoglobin, nutritional status, motor development, stimulation and mental development was examined in a cross-sectional sample of 1,079 children 12-18 months of age…
Descriptors: Nutrition Instruction, Child Development, Dietetics, Low Income Groups
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Green, Melissa J.; Tzoumakis, Stacy; McIntyre, Brooke; Kariuki, Maina; Laurens, Kristin R.; Dean, Kimberlie; Chilvers, Marilyn; Harris, Felicity; Butler, Merran; Brinkman, Sally A.; Carr, Vaughan J. – Child Development, 2018
This study examined associations between maltreatment and early developmental vulnerabilities in a population sample of 68,459 children (M[subscript age] = 5.62 years, SD = 0.37) drawn from the Australian state of New South Wales, using linked administrative data for the children and their parents (collected 2001-2009). Associations were estimated…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Child Development, Preschool Children, Correlation
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Tanskanen, Antti O.; Danielsbacka, Mirkka – Child Development, 2018
Associations between grandparental investment and child outcomes were investigated using three waves of a longitudinal British Millennium Cohort Study that included children between the ages of 9 months and 5 years (n = 24,614 person-observations from 13,744 children). Grandparental investment was measured by parent--grandparent contact frequency…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Behavior Problems, Questionnaires, Screening Tests
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Kampouri, Mariza; Kyriklaki, Andriani; Roumeliotaki, Theano; Koutra, Katerina; Anousaki, Despoina; Sarri, Katerina; Vassilaki, Maria; Kogevinas, Manolis; Chatzi, Leda – Child Development, 2018
Early-life exposures are critical for later child cognitive development. McCarthy Scales of Children's Abilities (MSCA) were used to assess cognitive development of 700 preschoolers (M[subscript age] = 4.2 years), derived from the "Rhea" birth cohort, in Greece. Principal component analysis (PCA) was applied on prospectively collected…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cognitive Development, Child Development, Early Experience
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Hughes, Claire; Devine, Rory T.; Wang, Zhenlin – Child Development, 2018
This study of 241 parent-child dyads from the United Kingdom (N = 120, M[subscript age] = 3.92, SD = 0.53) and Hong Kong (N = 121, M[subscript age] = 3.99, SD = 0.50) breaks new ground by adopting a cross-cultural approach to investigate children's theory of mind and parental mind-mindedness. Relative to the Hong Kong sample, U.K. children showed…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Parents, Preschool Children, Parent Child Relationship
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Häfner, Isabelle; Flunger, Barbara; Dicke, Anna-Lena; Gaspard, Hanna; Brisson, Brigitte M.; Nagengast, Benjamin; Trautwein, Ulrich – Child Development, 2018
Using data from 1,571 ninth-grade students (M[subscript age] = 14.62) from 82 academic track schools in Germany and their predominantly Caucasian middle-class parents, configurations of different family characteristics reported by parents were investigated. Latent profile analyses considering academic involvement, family interest, parents'…
Descriptors: Family Characteristics, Outcomes of Education, Grade 9, Foreign Countries
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