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Showing 46 to 60 of 488 results Save | Export
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Steele, Ann; Karmiloff-Smith, Annette; Cornish, Kim; Scerif, Gaia – Child Development, 2012
Attention is construed as multicomponential, but the roles of its distinct subfunctions in shaping the broader developing cognitive landscape are poorly understood. The current study assessed 3- to 6-year-olds (N = 83) to: (a) trace developmental trajectories of attentional processes and their structure in early childhood and (b) measure the…
Descriptors: Literacy, Children, Longitudinal Studies, Numeracy
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Brandone, Amanda C.; Cimpian, Andrei; Leslie, Sarah-Jane; Gelman, Susan A. – Child Development, 2012
Generic statements (e.g., "Lions have manes") make claims about kinds (e.g., lions as a category) and, for adults, are distinct from quantificational statements (e.g., "Most lions have manes"), which make claims about how many individuals have a given property. This article examined whether young children also understand that generics do not…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Child Development, Cognitive Ability, Incidence
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Kirkorian, Heather L.; Anderson, Daniel R.; Keen, Rachel – Child Development, 2012
Eye movements were recorded while sixty-two 1-year-olds, 4-year-olds, and adults watched television. Of interest was the extent to which viewers looked at the same place at the same time as their peers because high similarity across viewers suggests systematic viewing driven by comprehension processes. Similarity of gaze location increased with…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Eye Movements, Infants, Age Differences
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Surtees, Andrew D. R.; Apperly, Ian A. – Child Development, 2012
Children (aged 6-10) and adults (total N = 136) completed a novel visual perspective-taking task that allowed quantitative comparisons across age groups. All age groups found it harder to judge the other person's perspective when it differed from their own. This egocentric interference did not decrease with age, even though, overall, performance…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Perspective Taking, Children, Adults
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Legare, Cristine H. – Child Development, 2012
Explaining inconsistency may serve as an important mechanism for driving the process of causal learning. But how might this process generate amended beliefs? One way that explaining inconsistency may promote discovery is by guiding exploratory, hypothesis-testing behavior. In order to investigate this, a study with young children ranging in age…
Descriptors: Evidence, Young Children, Testing, Beliefs
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Sabol, Terri J.; Pianta, Robert C. – Child Development, 2012
A person-oriented approach examined patterns of functioning in social and executive function domains at 54 months and in turn forecasted 5th-grade socioemotional and achievement outcomes for 944 children. Six distinct profiles of 54-month school readiness patterns predicted outcomes in 5th grade with indications of cross-domain association between…
Descriptors: School Readiness, Low Achievement, Academic Achievement, Short Term Memory
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Koenig, Melissa A. – Child Development, 2012
Children's sensitivity to the quality of epistemic reasons and their selective trust in the more reasonable of 2 informants was investigated in 2 experiments. Three-, 4-, and 5-year-old children (N = 90) were presented with speakers who stated different kinds of evidence for what they believed. Experiment 1 showed that children of all age groups…
Descriptors: Evidence, Semantics, Preschool Children, Child Development
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Loucks, Jeff; Sommerville, Jessica A. – Child Development, 2012
Recent evidence suggests adults and infants selectively attend to features of action, such as how a hand contacts an object. The current research investigated whether this bias stems from infants' processing of the functional consequences of grasps: understanding that different grasps afford different future actions. A habituation paradigm…
Descriptors: Role, Psychomotor Skills, Infants, Visual Perception
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Pauletti, Rachel E.; Menon, Madhavi; Menon, Meenakshi; Tobin, Desiree D.; Perry, David G. – Child Development, 2012
Narcissism--a strong need to be admired for a grandiose self--is a problematic personality trait for children as well as adults. This study of 236 preadolescents (M age = 11.3 years; 129 girls, 107 boys) evaluated 2 intrapersonal (cognitive) pathways by which narcissism might contribute to maladjustment. The first was that narcissism combines with…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Sex Stereotypes, Adjustment (to Environment), Depression (Psychology)
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Flynn, Emma; Whiten, Andrew – Child Development, 2012
In one of the first open diffusion experiments with young children, a tool-use task that afforded multiple methods to extract an enclosed reward and a child model habitually using one of these methods were introduced into different playgroups. Eighty-eight children, ranging in age from 2 years 8 months to 4 years 5 months, participated. Measures…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Socialization, Young Children, Verbal Ability
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Cameron, Claire E.; Brock, Laura L.; Murrah, William M.; Bell, Lindsay H.; Worzalla, Samantha L.; Grissmer, David; Morrison, Frederick J. – Child Development, 2012
This study examined the contribution of executive function (EF) and multiple aspects of fine motor skills to achievement on 6 standardized assessments in a sample of middle-socioeconomic status kindergarteners. Three- and 4-year-olds' (n = 213) fine and gross motor skills were assessed in a home visit before kindergarten, EF was measured at fall…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, School Readiness, Kindergarten, Home Visits
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Smith-Schrandt, Heather L.; Ojanen, Tiina; Gesten, Ellis; Feldman, Marissa A.; Calhoun, Casey D. – Child Development, 2011
In accord with increasing recognition of the situation specificity of childhood social behaviors, individual and contextual differences in children's responses to potential peer conflict were examined (hostile attribution, behavioral strategies, and affective reactions; N = 367, 9-2 years, 197 girls). Situational cues from 2 sources, the…
Descriptors: Cues, Self Efficacy, Conflict, Friendship
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Banerjee, Robin; Watling, Dawn; Caputi, Marcella – Child Development, 2011
Research connecting children's understanding of mental states to their peer relations at school remains scarce. Previous work by the authors demonstrated that children's understanding of mental states in the context of a faux pas--a social blunder involving unintentional insult--is associated with concurrent peer rejection. The present report…
Descriptors: Peer Relationship, Rejection (Psychology), Longitudinal Studies, Children
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Apperly, Ian A.; Warren, Frances; Andrews, Benjamin J.; Grant, Jay; Todd, Sophie – Child Development, 2011
On belief-desire reasoning tasks, children first pass tasks involving true belief before those involving false belief, and tasks involving positive desire before those involving negative desire. The current study examined belief-desire reasoning in participants old enough to pass all such tasks. Eighty-three 6- to 11-year-olds and 20 adult…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Developmental Continuity, Cognitive Development, Child Development
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Irwin, Julia R.; Tornatore, Lauren A.; Brancazio, Lawrence; Whalen, D. H. – Child Development, 2011
This study used eye-tracking methodology to assess audiovisual speech perception in 26 children ranging in age from 5 to 15 years, half with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and half with typical development. Given the characteristic reduction in gaze to the faces of others in children with ASD, it was hypothesized that they would show reduced…
Descriptors: Autism, Auditory Perception, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eye Movements
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