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Showing 31 to 45 of 488 results Save | Export
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Guy, Maggie W.; Reynolds, Greg D.; Zhang, Dantong – Child Development, 2013
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were utilized in an investigation of 21 six-month-olds' attention to and processing of global and local properties of hierarchical patterns. Overall, infants demonstrated an advantage for processing the overall configuration (i.e., global properties) of local features of hierarchical patterns; however,…
Descriptors: Infants, Individual Differences, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests
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Seiver, Elizabeth; Gopnik, Alison; Goodman, Noah D. – Child Development, 2013
Children rely on both evidence and prior knowledge to make physical causal inferences; this study explores whether they make attributions about others' behavior in the same manner. A total of one hundred and fifty-nine 4- and 6-year-olds saw 2 dolls interacting with 2 activities, and explained the dolls' actions. In the person condition, each doll…
Descriptors: Inferences, Prior Learning, Attribution Theory, Toys
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Miele, David B.; Son, Lisa K.; Metcalfe, Janet – Child Development, 2013
Recent studies have shown that the metacognitive judgments adults infer from their experiences of encoding effort vary in accordance with their naive theories of intelligence. To determine whether this finding extends to elementary schoolchildren, a study was conducted in which 27 third graders (M[subscript age] = 8.27) and 24 fifth graders…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Evaluative Thinking, Intelligence, Elementary School Students
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Lee, Kerry; Bull, Rebecca; Ho, Ringo M. H. – Child Development, 2013
Although early studies of executive functioning in children supported Miyake et al.'s (2000) three-factor model, more recent findings supported a variety of undifferentiated or two-factor structures. Using a cohort-sequential design, this study examined whether there were age-related differences in the structure of executive functioning among…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Age Differences, Children, Adolescents
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Goksun, Tilbe; George, Nathan R.; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy; Golinkoff, Roberta M. – Child Development, 2013
How do children evaluate complex causal events? This study investigates preschoolers' representation of "force dynamics" in causal scenes, asking whether (a) children understand how single and dual forces impact an object's movement and (b) this understanding varies across cause types (Cause, Enable, Prevent). Three-and-a half- to…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Cognitive Processes, Child Development, Motion
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Murayama, Kou; Pekrun, Reinhard; Lichtenfeld, Stephanie; vom Hofe, Rudolf – Child Development, 2013
This research examined how motivation (perceived control, intrinsic motivation, and extrinsic motivation), cognitive learning strategies (deep and surface strategies), and intelligence jointly predict long-term growth in students' mathematics achievement over 5 years. Using longitudinal data from six annual waves (Grades 5 through 10;…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gains, Cognitive Processes, Learning Strategies
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Nip, Ignatius S. B.; Green, Jordan R. – Child Development, 2013
Age-related increases of speaking rate are not fully understood, but have been attributed to gains in biologic factors and learned skills that support speech production. This study investigated developmental changes in speaking rate and articulatory kinematics of participants aged 4 ("N" = 7), 7 ("N" = 10), 10…
Descriptors: Language Processing, Cognitive Processes, Age Differences, Articulation (Speech)
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Petersen, Lori A.; McNeil, Nicole M. – Child Development, 2013
Educators often use concrete objects to help children understand mathematics concepts. However, findings on the effectiveness of concrete objects are mixed. The present study examined how two factors--perceptual richness and established knowledge of the objects--combine to influence children's counting performance. In two experiments, preschoolers…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Manipulative Materials, Computation, Knowledge Level
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Pulverman, Rachel; Song, Lulu; Hirsh-Pasek, Kathy; Pruden, Shannon M.; Golinkoff, Roberta M. – Child Development, 2013
In the world, the manners and paths of motion events take place together, but in language, these features are expressed separately. How do infants learn to process motion events in linguistically appropriate ways? Forty-six English-learning 7- to 9-month-olds were habituated to a motion event in which a character performed both a manner and a…
Descriptors: English, Language Acquisition, Infants, Cognitive Processes
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Gillen-O'Neel, Cari; Huynh, Virginia W.; Fuligni, Andrew J. – Child Development, 2013
This longitudinal study examined how nightly variations in adolescents' study and sleep time are associated with academic problems on the following day. Participants ("N" = 535, 9th grade M[subscript age] = 14.88) completed daily diaries every day for 14 days in 9th, 10th, and 12th grades. Results suggest that regardless of how much a…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Sleep, Adolescents, Diaries
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Bornstein, Marc H.; Hahn, Chun-Shin; Wolke, Dieter – Child Development, 2013
A large-scale ("N" = 552) controlled multivariate prospective 14-year longitudinal study of a developmental cascade embedded in a developmental system showed that information-processing efficiency in infancy (4 months), general mental development in toddlerhood (18 months), behavior difficulties in early childhood (36 months),…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Longitudinal Studies
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Blankson, A. Nayena; O'Brien, Marion; Leerkes, Esther M.; Marcovitch, Stuart; Calkins, Susan D.; Weaver, Jennifer Miner – Child Development, 2013
Dynamic relations during the preschool years across processes of control and understanding in the domains of emotion and cognition were examined. Participants were 263 children (42% non-White) and their mothers who were seen first when the children were 3 years old and again when they were 4. Results indicated dynamic dependence among the…
Descriptors: Emotional Development, Cognitive Development, Preschool Children, Mothers
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Davis, Elizabeth L.; Levine, Linda J. – Child Development, 2013
The link between emotion regulation and academic achievement is well documented. Less is known about specific emotion regulation strategies that promote learning. Six- to 13-year-olds ("N" = 126) viewed a sad film and were instructed to reappraise the importance, reappraise the outcome, or ruminate about the sad events; another group…
Descriptors: Child Development, Memory, Self Control, Emotional Response
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Clark, Caron A. C.; Sheffield, Tiffany D.; Wiebe, Sandra A.; Espy, Kimberly A. – Child Development, 2013
Executive control (EC) is related to mathematics performance in middle childhood. However, little is known regarding how EC and informal numeracy differentially support mathematics skill acquisition in preschoolers. A sample of preschoolers (115 girls, 113 boys), stratified by social risk, completed an EC task battery at 3 years, informal numeracy…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Self Control, Mathematics Achievement, Numeracy
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Gelman, Susan A.; Manczak, Erika M.; Noles, Nicholaus S. – Child Development, 2012
For adults, ownership is nonobvious: (a) determining ownership depends more on an object's history than on perceptual cues, and (b) ownership confers special value on an object ("endowment effect"). This study examined these concepts in preschoolers (2.0-4.4) and adults (n = 112). Participants saw toy sets in which 1 toy was designated as the…
Descriptors: Infants, Ownership, Toys, Preschool Children
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