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Showing 1 to 15 of 486 results Save | Export
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Simanowski, Stefanie; Krajewski, Kristin – Child Development, 2019
This study assessed the extent to which executive functions (EF), according to their factor structure in 5-year-olds (N = 244), influenced early quantity-number competencies, arithmetic fluency, and mathematics school achievement throughout first and second grades. A confirmatory factor analysis resulted in updating as a first, and inhibition and…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Executive Function, Mathematics Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Simpson, Andrew; Al Ruwaili, Reshaa; Jolley, Richard; Leonard, Hayley; Geeraert, Nicolas; Riggs, Kevin J. – Child Development, 2019
Previous research shows that the development of response inhibition and drawing skill are linked. The current research investigated whether this association reflects a more fundamental link between response inhibition and motor control. In Experiment 1, 3- and 4-year-olds (n = 100) were tested on measures of inhibition, fine motor control, and…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Freehand Drawing, Inhibition, Correlation
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DeJesus, Jasmine M.; Hwang, Hyesung G.; Dautel, Jocelyn B.; Kinzler, Katherine D. – Child Development, 2018
Adults implicitly judge people from certain social backgrounds as more "American" than others. This study tests the development of children's reasoning about nationality and social categories. Children across cultures (White and Korean American children in the United States, Korean children in South Korea) judged the nationality of…
Descriptors: North Americans, English, Native Speakers, Child Development
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Yaple, Zachary; Arsalidou, Marie – Child Development, 2018
The "n"-back task is likely the most popular measure of working memory for functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies. Despite accumulating neuroimaging studies with the "n"-back task and children, its neural representation is still unclear. fMRI studies that used the "n"-back were compiled, and data from…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Visual Aids, Short Term Memory, Brain Hemisphere Functions
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Botting, Nicola; Jones, Anna; Marshall, Chloe; Denmark, Tanya; Atkinson, Joanna; Morgan, Gary – Child Development, 2017
Studies have suggested that language and executive function (EF) are strongly associated. Indeed, the two are difficult to separate, and it is particularly difficult to determine whether one skill is more dependent on the other. Deafness provides a unique opportunity to disentangle these skills because in this case, language difficulties have a…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Language Impairments, Language Tests, Task Analysis
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Pickron, Charisse B.; Iyer, Arjun; Fava, Eswen; Scott, Lisa S. – Child Development, 2018
This study examined differences in visual attention as a function of label learning from 6 to 9 months of age. Before and after 3 months of parent-directed storybook training with computer-generated novel objects, event-related potentials and visual fixations were recorded while infants viewed trained and untrained images (n = 23). Relative to a…
Descriptors: Child Development, Visual Perception, Attention Control, Parent Child Relationship
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Davis, Elizabeth L. – Child Development, 2016
Emotion regulation predicts positive academic outcomes like learning, but little is known about "why". Effective emotion regulation likely promotes learning by broadening the scope of what may be attended to after an emotional event. One hundred twenty-six 6- to 13-year-olds' (54% boys) regulation of sadness was examined for changes in…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Self Control, Children, Early Adolescents
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Clegg, Jennifer M.; Legare, Cristine H. – Child Development, 2016
Four tasks (N = 191, 3- to 6-year-olds) examined the effect of instrumental versus conventional language cues on children's imitative fidelity of a necklace-making activity, their memory and transmission of the activity, and their perceptions of functional fixedness. Children in the conventional condition imitated with higher fidelity, transmitted…
Descriptors: Preschool Children, Cues, Task Analysis, Imitation
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Kirkorian, Heather L.; Choi, Koeun; Pempek, Tiffany A. – Child Development, 2016
Researchers examined whether contingent experience using a touch screen increased toddlers' ability to learn a word from video. One hundred and sixteen children (24-36 months) watched an on-screen actress label an object: (a) without interacting, (b) with instructions to touch "anywhere" on the screen, or (c) with instructions to touch a…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Toddlers, Technology Uses in Education, Age Differences
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Barac, Raluca; Moreno, Sylvain; Bialystok, Ellen – Child Development, 2016
This study examined executive control in sixty-two 5-year-old children who were monolingual or bilingual using behavioral and event-related potentials (ERPs) measures. All children performed equivalently on simple response inhibition (gift delay), but bilingual children outperformed monolinguals on interference suppression and complex response…
Descriptors: Young Children, Monolingualism, Bilingualism, Measurement
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Durkin, Kelley; Shafto, Patrick – Child Development, 2016
The epistemic trust literature emphasizes that children's evaluations of informants' trustworthiness affects learning, but there is no evidence that epistemic trust affects learning in academic domains. The current study investigated how reliability affects decimal learning. Fourth and fifth graders (N = 122; M[subscript age] = 10.1 years)…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Trust (Psychology), Child Development, Reliability
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Lee, Joshua K.; Wendelken, Carter; Bunge, Silvia A.; Ghetti, Simona – Child Development, 2016
This research investigated whether episodic memory development can be explained by improvements in relational binding processes, involved in forming novel associations between events and the context in which they occurred. Memory for item-space, item-time, and item-item relations was assessed in an ethnically diverse sample of 151 children aged…
Descriptors: Memory, Children, Young Adults, Standardized Tests
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Gelman, Susan A.; Manczak, Erika M.; Was, Alexandra M.; Noles, Nicholaus S. – Child Development, 2016
An object's mental representation includes not just visible attributes but also its nonvisible history. The present studies tested whether preschoolers seek subtle indicators of an object's history, such as a mark acquired during its handling. Five studies with 169 children 3-5 years of age and 97 college students found that children (like adults)…
Descriptors: Young Children, College Students, Ownership, Comparative Analysis
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Christoforides, Michael; Spanoudis, George; Demetriou, Andreas – Child Development, 2016
This study trained children to master logical fallacies and examined how learning is related to processing efficiency and fluid intelligence (gf). A total of one hundred and eighty 8- and 11-year-old children living in Cyprus were allocated to a control, a limited (LI), and a full instruction (FI) group. The LI group learned the notion of logical…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Logical Thinking, Cognitive Processes, Intelligence
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Fernandes, Tânia; Leite, Isabel; Kolinsky, Régine – Child Development, 2016
At what point in reading development does literacy impact object recognition and orientation processing? Is it specific to mirror images? To answer these questions, forty-six 5- to 7-year-old preschoolers and first graders performed two same-different tasks differing in the matching criterion-orientation-based versus shape-based (orientation…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Cognitive Processes, Preschool Children, Elementary School Students
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