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Showing 1 to 15 of 833 results Save | Export
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Wellman, Henry M.; Song, Ju-Hyun; Peskin-Shepherd, Hope – Child Development, 2019
A crucial human cognitive goal is to understand and to be understood. But understanding often takes active management. Two studies investigated early developmental processes of understanding management by focusing on young children's comprehension monitoring. We ask: When and how do young children actively monitor their comprehension of…
Descriptors: Speech Communication, Language Acquisition, Child Development, Developmental Stages
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Redshaw, Jonathan; Suddendorf, Thomas; Neldner, Karri; Wilks, Matti; Tomaselli, Keyan; Mushin, Ilana; Nielsen, Mark – Child Development, 2019
This study examined future-oriented behavior in children (3-6 years; N = 193) from three diverse societies--one industrialized Western city and two small, geographically isolated communities. Children had the opportunity to prepare for two alternative versions of an immediate future event over six trials. Some 3-year-olds from all cultures…
Descriptors: Futures (of Society), Toddlers, Young Children, Cultural Differences
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Elenbaas, Laura – Child Development, 2019
This study examined young children's contact with individuals of high-wealth and low-wealth backgrounds and their behavior toward peers of these backgrounds in a resource distribution task. The sample included 72 ethnically diverse higher income children (M[subscript age] = 6.68 years, SD = 0.98 years). Contact with individuals of low-wealth…
Descriptors: Advantaged, Family Income, Low Income, Peer Relationship
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Labella, Madelyn H.; Narayan, Angela J.; McCormick, Christopher M.; Desjardins, Christopher D.; Masten, Ann S. – Child Development, 2019
A multimethod, multi-informant design was used to examine links among sociodemographic risk, family adversity, parenting quality, and child adjustment in families experiencing homelessness. Participants were 245 homeless parents (M[subscript age] = 31.0, 63.6% African American) and their 4- to 6-year-old children (48.6% male). Path analyses…
Descriptors: Child Development, Risk, Adjustment (to Environment), Parenting Skills
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Burling, Joseph M.; Yoshida, Hanako – Child Development, 2019
Manual skills slowly develop throughout infancy and have been shown to create clear views of objects that provide better support for visually sustained attention, recognition, memory, and learning. These clear views may coincide with the development of manual skills, or that social scaffolding supports clear viewing experiences like those…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Infants, Skill Development, Attention Control
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Nyhout, Angela; Henke, Lena; Ganea, Patricia A. – Child Development, 2019
In two experiments, one hundred and sixty-two 6- to 8-year-olds were asked to reason counterfactually about events with different causal structures. All events involved overdetermined outcomes in which two different causal events led to the same outcome. In Experiment 1, children heard stories with either an ambiguous causal relation between…
Descriptors: Child Development, Ambiguity (Context), Attribution Theory, Children
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Simpson, Andrew; Al Ruwaili, Reshaa; Jolley, Richard; Leonard, Hayley; Geeraert, Nicolas; Riggs, Kevin J. – Child Development, 2019
Previous research shows that the development of response inhibition and drawing skill are linked. The current research investigated whether this association reflects a more fundamental link between response inhibition and motor control. In Experiment 1, 3- and 4-year-olds (n = 100) were tested on measures of inhibition, fine motor control, and…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Freehand Drawing, Inhibition, Correlation
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Danovitch, Judith H.; Fisher, Megan; Schroder, Hans; Hambrick, David Z.; Moser, Jason – Child Development, 2019
This study explored developmental and individual differences in intellectual humility (IH) among 127 children ages 6-8. IH was operationalized as children's assessment of their knowledge and willingness to delegate scientific questions to experts. Children completed measures of IH, theory of mind, motivational framework, and intelligence, and…
Descriptors: Neurology, Physiology, Social Cognition, Self Evaluation (Individuals)
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Sperry, Douglas E.; Sperry, Linda L.; Miller, Peggy J. – Child Development, 2019
In response to Golinkoff, Hoff, Rowe, Tamis-LeMonda, and Hirsh-Pasek's (2018) commentary, we clarify our goals, outline points of agreement and disagreement between our respective positions, and address the inadvertently harmful consequences of the word gap claim. We maintain that our study constitutes a serious empirical challenge to the word…
Descriptors: Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Child Development, Definitions
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Gruber, Thibaud; Deschenaux, Amélie; Frick, Aurélien; Clément, Fabrice – Child Development, 2019
Group membership is a strong driver of everyday life in humans, influencing similarity judgments, trust choices, and learning processes. However, its ontogenetic development remains to be understood. This study investigated how group membership, age, sex, and identification with a team influenced 39- to 60-month-old children (N = 94) in a series…
Descriptors: Group Membership, Learning Processes, Age Differences, Gender Differences
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Rhodes, Marjorie; Leslie, Sarah-Jane; Bianchi, Lydia; Chalik, Lisa – Child Development, 2018
Classifying people into categories not only helps humans simplify a complex social world but also contributes to stereotyping and discrimination. This research examines how social categorization develops by testing how language imbues with meaning otherwise arbitrary differences between people. Experimental studies (N = 129) with 2-year-olds…
Descriptors: Classification, Language Role, Stereotypes, Toddlers
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Sage, Cindy; Burgio, Ernesto – Child Development, 2018
Mobile phones and other wireless devices that produce electromagnetic fields (EMF) and pulsed radiofrequency radiation (RFR) are widely documented to cause potentially harmful health impacts that can be detrimental to young people. New epigenetic studies are profiled in this review to account for some neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral changes…
Descriptors: Child Development, Genetics, Telecommunications, Handheld Devices
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Law, James; Rush, Robert; King, Tom; Westrupp, Elizabeth; Reilly, Sheena – Child Development, 2018
Oral language development is a key outcome of elementary school, and it is important to identify factors that predict it most effectively. Commonly researchers use ordinary least squares regression with conclusions restricted to average performance conditional on relevant covariates. Quantile regression offers a more sophisticated alternative.…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Family Environment, Intervention, Television Viewing
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McClure, Elisabeth R.; Chentsova-Dutton, Yulia E.; Holochwost, Steven J.; Parrott, W. G.; Barr, Rachel – Child Development, 2018
Although many relatives use video chat to keep in touch with toddlers, key features of adult-toddler interaction like joint visual attention (JVA) may be compromised in this context. In this study, 25 families with a child between 6 and 24 months were observed using video chat at home with geographically separated grandparents. We define two types…
Descriptors: Infants, Toddlers, Child Development, Social Development
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Grimes, David Robert; Bishop, Dorothy V. M. – Child Development, 2018
Exposure to nonionizing radiation used in wireless communication remains a contentious topic in the public mind--while the overwhelming scientific evidence to date suggests that microwave and radio frequencies used in modern communications are safe, public apprehension remains considerable. A recent article in "Child Development" has…
Descriptors: Guidelines, Child Development, Radiation, Telecommunications
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