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McCrink, Koleen; Caldera, Christina; Shaki, Samuel – Child Development, 2018
American and Israeli toddler-caregiver dyads (mean age of toddler = 26 months) were presented with naturalistic tasks in which they must watch a short video (N = 97) or concoct a visual story together (N = 66). English-speaking American caregivers were more likely to use left to right spatial structuring than right to left, especially for…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Attention, Parent Child Relationship, Interaction
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Boxer, Paul; Huesmann, L. Rowell; Dubow, Eric F.; Landau, Simha F.; Gvirsman, Shira Dvir; Shikaki, Khalil; Ginges, Jeremy – Child Development, 2013
Bronfenbrenner's (1979) ecological model proposes that events in higher order social ecosystems should influence human development through their impact on events in lower order social ecosystems. This proposition was tested with respect to ecological violence and the development of children's aggression via analyses of 3 waves of data (1 wave…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Violence, Conflict, Observation
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Diesendruck, Gil; Goldfein-Elbaz, Rebecca; Rhodes, Marjorie; Gelman, Susan; Neumark, Noam – Child Development, 2013
The present study compared 5-and 10-year-old North American and Israeli children's beliefs about the objectivity of different categories (n = 109). Children saw picture triads composed of two exemplars of the same category (e.g., two women) and an exemplar of a contrasting category (e.g., a man). Children were asked whether it would be acceptable…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cultural Differences, Comparative Analysis, Children
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Daniel, Ella; Schiefer, David; Mollering, Anna; Benish-Weisman, Maya; Boehnke, Klaus; Knafo, Ariel – Child Development, 2012
Living in complex social worlds, individuals encounter discordant values across life contexts, potentially resulting in different importance of values across contexts. Value differentiation is defined here as the degree to which values receive different importance depending on the context in which they are considered. Early and mid-adolescents (N…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Student Attitudes
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Birnbaum, Dana; Deeb, Inas; Segall, Gili; Ben-Eliyahu, Adar; Diesendruck, Gil – Child Development, 2010
Two studies examined the inductive potential of various social categories among 144 kindergarten, 2nd-, and 6th-grade Israeli children from 3 sectors: secular Jews, religious Jews, and Muslim Arabs. Study 1--wherein social categories were labeled--found that ethnic categories were the most inductively powerful, especially for religious Jewish…
Descriptors: Ethnicity, Jews, Arabs, Cultural Background
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Knafo, Ariel; Daniel, Ella; Khoury-Kassabri, Mona – Child Development, 2008
This study tested the hypothesis that values, abstract goals serving as guiding life principles, become relatively important predictors of adolescents' self-reported violent behavior in school environments in which violence is relatively common. The study employed a students-nested-in-schools design. Arab and Jewish adolescents (N = 907, M age =…
Descriptors: Jews, Arabs, Adolescents, Foreign Countries
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Butler, Ruth; Shalit-Naggar, Rachel – Child Development, 2008
Given that girls show more interpersonal concern than boys, it was predicted that more mother-daughter than mother-son dyads would develop a relationship of mutual concerned responsiveness (CR). Two hundred and twenty-six Israeli children (7-8 years old) and 91 mother-child pairs provided narratives of mother-child interactions. At high levels of…
Descriptors: Mothers, Daughters, Parent Child Relationship, Gender Differences
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Diesendruck, Gil; haLevi, Heidi – Child Development, 2006
Four studies examined whether Israeli 5-year-olds (N=88) and adults (N=48) drew inferences about psychological properties based on a character's social category, personality trait, or physical appearance trait. Study 1 revealed that while children drew inferences mostly by social category, adults did it by personality trait. Study 2 showed that…
Descriptors: Language Role, Cultural Influences, Social Influences, Young Children
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Pitner, Ronald O.; Astor, Ron Avi; Benbenishty, Rami; Haj-Yahia, Muhammad M.; Zeira, Anat – Child Development, 2003
Examined effects of negative group stereotypes on reasoning about peer retribution (child hits another child in response to name calling) among 2,604 Arab and Jewish adolescents in Israel. Found evidence that Arab and Jewish students hold stereotypes about one another and that in-group bias affected approval and reasoning about peer retribution…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents, Age Differences, Aggression
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Knafo, Ariel; Schwartz, Shalom H. – Child Development, 2003
Examined potential predictors of Israeli adolescents' accuracy in perceiving parental values. Found that accuracy in perceiving parents' overall value system correlated positively with parents' actual and perceived value agreement and perceived parental warmth and responsiveness, but negatively with perceived value conflict, indifferent parenting,…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents, Family Communication, Foreign Countries
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Sagi, Abraham; Koren-Karie, Nina; Gini, Motti; Ziv, Yair; Joels, Tirtsa – Child Development, 2002
The Haifa Study of Early Child Care examined the unique contribution of various child-care-related correlates to infant-mother attachment. Findings indicated that, after controlling for other potential contributing variables (including mother characteristics, mother-child interaction, and mother- father relationship), center care adversely…
Descriptors: Attachment Behavior, Child Care, Child Care Centers, Child Care Effects
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Scharf, Miri – Child Development, 2001
Explored long-term effects of different childrearing contexts on attachment and separation representations of Israeli 16- to 18-year-olds. Found that adolescents raised in a kibbutz communal setting showed higher incidence of nonautonomous attachment representations and less competent coping with imagined separations than adolescents raised in a…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescents, Attachment Behavior, Child Rearing
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Garbarino, James; Kostelny, Kathleen – Child Development, 1996
Interviewed 150 Palestinian mothers and their children living amidst the Intifada uprising in what was then the Israeli-occupied West Bank. Found that the number of risks present in a child's life was significantly correlated with the number of behavioral problems the child exhibited. Under conditions of high accumulated risk, boys evidenced more…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, At Risk Persons, Behavior Problems
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Punamaki, Raija-Leena – Child Development, 1996
Examined the mental health role of ideological commitment among 385 Israeli Jewish children ages 10 through 13 years. Found that exposure to political hardship (living in a border town or West Bank settlement subject to attack) did not increase anxiety, insecurity, and depression among children who showed strong ideological commitment. (MDM)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Children, Depression (Psychology), Foreign Countries
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Hoffman, Michael A.; Bizman, Sharon – Child Development, 1996
Assessed the causes ascribed by 60 Israeli 4th- and 9th-graders for the Arab-Israeli conflict and the relationship of these attributions to their expectations and emotions. Found that adolescents tended to view causes as more constant or less fluctuating over time than did younger children. Results support an attributional model for understanding…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Attribution Theory, Children
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