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Suor, Jennifer H.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Davies, Patrick T.; Cicchetti, Dante; Manning, Liviah G. – Child Development, 2015
Guided by family risk and allostasis theoretical frameworks, the present study utilized a prospective longitudinal design to examine associations among family risk experiences, basal cortisol patterns, and cognitive functioning in children. The sample included 201 low-income children living within a midsize city in the Northeastern United States.…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Correlation, Metabolism, Cognitive Ability
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Davies, Patrick T.; Cicchetti, Dante – Child Development, 2014
This study tested the 5-HTTLPR gene as a moderator in the relation between maternal unresponsiveness and child externalizing symptoms in a disadvantaged, predominantly Black sample of two hundred and one 2-year-old children and their mothers. Using a multimethod, prospective design, structural equation model analyses indicated that maternal…
Descriptors: Genetics, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Affective Behavior
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Davies, Patrick T.; Manning, Liviah G.; Cicchetti, Dante – Child Development, 2013
This study examined whether children’s difficulties with stage-salient tasks served as an explanatory mechanism in the pathway between their insecurity in the interparental relationship and their disruptive behavior problems. Using a multimethod, multi-informant design, 201 two-year-old children and their mothers participated in 3 annual…
Descriptors: Security (Psychology), Parent Child Relationship, Behavior Problems, Structural Equation Models
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Kim-Spoon, Jungmeen; Cicchetti, Dante; Rogosch, Fred A. – Child Development, 2013
The longitudinal contributions of emotion regulation and emotion lability-negativity to internalizing symptomatology were examined in a low-income sample (171 maltreated and 151 nonmaltreated children, from age 7 to 10 years). Latent difference score models indicated that for both maltreated and nonmaltreated children, emotion regulation was a…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Child Abuse, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Psychological Patterns
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Davies, Patrick T.; Cicchetti, Dante; Martin, Meredith J. – Child Development, 2012
This study examined specific forms of emotional reactivity to conflict and temperamental emotionality as explanatory mechanisms in pathways among interparental aggression and child psychological problems. Participants of the multimethod, longitudinal study included 201 two-year-old children and their mothers who had experienced elevated violence…
Descriptors: Psychological Needs, Parent Child Relationship, Conflict, Personality Traits
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Howe, Mark L.; Toth, Sheree L.; Cicchetti, Dante – Child Development, 2011
The authors examined 284 maltreated and nonmaltreated children's (6- to 12-year-olds) ability to inhibit true and false memories for neutral and emotional information using the Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm. Children studied either emotional or neutral DRM lists in a control condition or were given directed-remembering or…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Comparative Analysis
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Cicchetti, Dante; Rogosch, Fred A.; Gunnar, Megan R.; Toth, Sheree L. – Child Development, 2010
The impact of early physical and sexual abuse (EPA/SA) occurring in the first 5 years of life was investigated in relation to depressive and internalizing symptomatology and diurnal cortisol regulation. In a summer camp context, school-aged maltreated (n = 265) and nonmaltreated (n = 288) children provided morning and late afternoon saliva samples…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Observation, Depression (Psychology), Child Abuse
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Cicchetti, Dante; Rogosch, Fred A.; Howe, Mark L.; Toth, Sheree L. – Child Development, 2010
This investigation examined basic memory processes, cortisol, and dissociation in maltreated children. School-aged children (age range = 6-13), 143 maltreated and 174 nonmaltreated, were administered the California Verbal Learning Test-Children (D. C. Delis, J. H. Kramer, E. Kaplan, & B. A. Ober, 1994) in a week-long camp setting, daily…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Verbal Learning, Recognition (Psychology), Recall (Psychology)
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Toth, Sheree L.; Rogosch, Fred A.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa; Cicchetti, Dante – Child Development, 2009
Relations among maternal depression, child attachment, and children's representations of parents and self were examined. Participants included toddlers and their mothers with a history of major depressive disorder (n=63) or no history of mental disorder (n=68). Attachment was assessed at 20 and 36 months and representations of parents and self…
Descriptors: Mental Disorders, Depression (Psychology), Attachment Behavior, Mothers
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Valentino, Kristin; Cicchetti, Dante; Rogosch, Fred A.; Toth, Sheree L. – Child Development, 2008
A depth-of-processing incidental recall task for maternal-referent stimuli was utilized to assess basic memory processes and the affective valence of maternal representations among abused (N = 63), neglected (N = 33), and nonmaltreated (N = 128) school-aged children (ages 8-13.5 years old). Self-reported and observer-rated indices of internalizing…
Descriptors: Child Neglect, Child Abuse, Prevention, Memory
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Davies, Patrick T.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Cicchetti, Dante; Cummings, E. Mark – Child Development, 2008
This study examined interrelationships among children's cortisol reactivity and their psychological reactivity to interparental conflict in a sample of 208 first graders (mean age = 6.6 years). Assessments of children's psychological reactivity to conflict distinguished among their distress, hostile, and involvement responses across multiple…
Descriptors: Conflict, Psychology, Grade 1, Physiology
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Cullerton-Sen, Crystal; Cassidy, Adam R.; Murray-Close, Dianna; Cicchetti, Dante; Crick, Nicki R.; Rogosch, Fred A. – Child Development, 2008
This investigation examined the associations between maltreatment and aggression using a gender-informed approach. Peer ratings, peer nominations, and counselor reports of aggression were collected on 211 maltreated and 199 nonmaltreated inner-city youth (M age = 9.9 years) during a summer day camp. Maltreatment was associated with aggressive…
Descriptors: Sexual Abuse, Aggression, Child Abuse, Day Camp Programs
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Hibel, Leah C.; Granger, Douglas A.; Cicchetti, Dante; Rogosch, Fred – Child Development, 2007
This study examined associations between medications prescribed to control children's problem behaviors and levels of, and diurnal variation in, salivary cortisol (C), testosterone (T), and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). Saliva was collected in the morning, midday, and afternoon from 432 children ages 6-13 years. Relative to a no-medication…
Descriptors: Relationship, Drug Use, Drug Therapy, Behavior Problems
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Kim, Jungmeen; Cicchetti, Dante – Child Development, 2006
This study used latent growth modeling to investigate longitudinal relationships between self-system processes and depressive symptoms among maltreated (n=142) and nonmaltreated children (n=109) aged 6--11 years. On average, self-esteem and self-agency increased and depressive symptoms decreased over time. Multivariate growth modeling indicated…
Descriptors: Child Abuse, Children, Control Groups, Self Esteem
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Howe, Mark L.; Cicchetti, Dante; Toth, Sheree L.; Cerrito, Beth M. – Child Development, 2004
Differences in basic memory processes between maltreated and nonmaltreated children were examined in an experiment in which middle-socioeconomic-status (SES; N=60), low-SES maltreated (N=48), and low-SES nonmaltreated (N=51) children (ages 57, 89, and 10-12 years) studied 12 Deese-Roediger-McDermott lists. Using recall and recognition measures,…
Descriptors: Recall (Psychology), Child Abuse, Memory, Recognition (Psychology)
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