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Mangin, Kathryn S.; Horwood, L. J.; Woodward, Lianne J. – Child Development, 2017
Cognitive impairment is common among children born very preterm (VPT), yet little is known about how this risk changes over time. To examine this issue, a regional cohort of 110 VPT (= 32 weeks gestation) and 113 full-term (FT) born children was prospectively assessed at ages 4, 6, 9, and 12 years using the Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of…
Descriptors: Neurological Impairments, Cognitive Ability, Premature Infants, At Risk Persons
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Devine, Rory T.; Hughes, Claire – Child Development, 2013
In this study of two hundred and thirty 8- to 13-year-olds, a new "Silent Films" task is introduced, designed to address the dearth of research on theory of mind in older children by providing a film-based analogue of F. G. E. Happe's (1994) Strange Stories task. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that all items from both tasks loaded…
Descriptors: Theory of Mind, Social Experience, Gender Differences, Children
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Bornstein, Marc H.; Hahn, Chun-Shin; Wolke, Dieter – Child Development, 2013
A large-scale ("N" = 552) controlled multivariate prospective 14-year longitudinal study of a developmental cascade embedded in a developmental system showed that information-processing efficiency in infancy (4 months), general mental development in toddlerhood (18 months), behavior difficulties in early childhood (36 months),…
Descriptors: Cognitive Development, Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Longitudinal Studies
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Malenfant, Nathalie; Grondin, Simon; Boivin, Michel; Forget-Dubois, Nadine; Robaey, Philippe; Dionne, Ginette – Child Development, 2012
This study tested whether the association between temporal processing (TP) and reading is mediated by phonological awareness (PA) in a normative sample of 615 eight-year-olds. TP was measured with auditory and bimodal (visual-auditory) temporal order judgment tasks and PA with a phoneme deletion task. PA partially mediated the association between…
Descriptors: Evidence, Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension, Phonological Awareness
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Hagen, John W.; And Others – Child Development, 1990
Cognitive ability of nondiabetic children and early and late onset diabetic children was compared. Diabetic children scored in the normal range in intelligence and academic performance, but showed evidence of school difficulties and memory deficiencies. Children's perceived self-competence and parents' reports of children's functioning and…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Adolescents, Age Differences, Competence
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McGowan, Ronald J.; Johnson, Dale L. – Child Development, 1984
Tests causal models of verbal and performance IQ in 69 Mexican-American children of low socioeconomic status. Years of mother's education were correlated with IQ at 3 years and at 6 to 8 years, but traditional/nontraditional attitudes showed conflicting correlations over time. The adequacy of standarized IQ tests for this population is questioned.…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Children, Cognitive Development, Ethnic Groups
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Kaufman, Alan S.; Doppelt, Jerome E. – Child Development, 1976
The verbal, performance, and full-scale IQs of the standardization sample for the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children--Revised (WISC-R) were analyzed according to sex, race, geographic region, parental occupation, and type of residence (urban or rural) and compared with corresponding data from a 1950 study of the WISC standardization sample.…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Geographic Regions, Intelligence, Intelligence Tests
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Wilson, Ronald S. – Child Development, 1977
The analysis of WISC scores for 314 school-age twins and 221 of their siblings revealed high concordance of full-scale and verbal IQ for monozygotic twins. The IQ concordance for dizygotic twins, twin-sibling pairs, and sibling pairs were comparable to each other but significantly lower than that for monozygotic twins. (Author/JMB)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Intelligence Quotient, Intelligence Tests, Siblings