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Chien, Nina C.; Mistry, Rashmita S. – Child Development, 2013
The effects of geographic variations in cost of living and family income on children's academic achievement and social competence in first grade (mean age = 86.9 months) were examined, mediated through material hardship, parental investments, family stress, and school resources. Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten…
Descriptors: Geographic Location, Family Income, Economic Climate, Interpersonal Competence
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McCall, Robert B.; Groark, Christina J.; Fish, Larry; Muhamedrahimov, Rifkat J.; Palmov, Oleg I.; Nikiforova, Natalia V. – Child Development, 2013
This article reports the maintenance of one of the largest interventions conducted in St. Petersburg (Russian Federation) orphanages for children birth to 4¬†years using regular caregiving staff. One orphanage received training plus structural changes, another training only, and a third business as usual. The intervention produced substantial…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Intervention, Young Children, Institutionalized Persons
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Bradley, Robert H.; Caldwell, Bettye M. – Child Development, 1984
Examines (1) the relationship between children's scores on the Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME) Inventory and their achievement test scores, and (2) the relationship between children's intervening home environments and their school achievement. Data were gathered from 37 normal first-grade children and their families.…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary School Students, Family Environment, Followup Studies
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Bradley, Robert H.; And Others – Child Development, 1988
Examines home environments of children aged ten and eleven when they were six months and two years old. Significant correlations were observed between the home environments at two and ten years, children's achievement test scores, and classroom behavior. Home environment at six months was related to a minimal number of classroom behaviors. (RJC)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Unger, Donald G.; Wandersman, Lois Pall – Child Development, 1988
Examines the influence of teenage mothers' perceptions of family and partner social support on the mothers' postpartum adjustment. Both partner and family support are related to satisfaction with life, but each type of support is associated in a different way with parenting and concerns about daily living. (RJC)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Early Parenthood, Females, Life Satisfaction
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Widmayer, Susan M.; And Others – Child Development, 1990
Families in urban and rural settings were studied in an investigation of environmental influences on the development of Haitian-American infants. Birthweight and scores on the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment predicted mental development. Psychomotor development was related to birthweight and household crowding. (PCB)
Descriptors: Birth Weight, Child Development, Crowding, Disadvantaged
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Bradley, Robert H.; Caldwell, Bettye M. – Child Development, 1980
Significant correlations were obtained between Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory scores and two clusters of items from the Bayley Scales of Infant Development: goal directedness and language use. HOME assessments were made when children were 6 and 12 months old; the Bayley was administered at 12 months.…
Descriptors: Cognitive Ability, Family Environment, Goal Orientation, Infants
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van Doorninck, William J.; And Others – Child Development, 1981
Scores on the Home Observation for Measurement of Environment (HOME), designed to reflect parental support of early cognitive and social development, were correlated with elementary school achievement five to nine years later. Results supported the predictive value of the instrument for school achievement among low-income families. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Cognitive Development, Elementary Education, Elementary School Students
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Bradley, Robert H.; Caldwell, Bettye M. – Child Development, 1981
Results indicate that the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory might be useful for screening Black children in order to identify those at risk for school failure. (Author/RH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Black Youth, Elementary School Students, Environmental Influences
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Elardo, Richard; And Others – Child Development, 1977
The home environments of 74 infants were assessed when the infants were 6 and 24 months old. At three years of age their language development was measured. Results demonstrated that it is possible to specify some of the parameters of early experience related to certain aspects of language development. (Author/JMB)
Descriptors: Early Experience, Family Environment, Infants, Language Acquisition